Especially the last couple of winters. Ugh. Just when we think we have a beat on things...we find out we don't. I really don't ever want to hear about solar minimums, planetary alignment, volcanic eruptions, SSWs or QBO ever again. It's clear the MJO is what mostly drives our sensible weather and understanding the drivers behind this teleconnection is where the focus should be. AAM, EMAT, tropical forcing and all that. Now we just need someone to explain what all of these things are in an easy to digest way. @Snowy Hibbo?