I’ve gone back and forth on this one.
I really like the Australian health care model. Everyone receives basic care, but anyone can purchase additional insurance if they would like. Here’s a summary I found online:
Medicare is the government’s scheme to give the public access to health care (paid through your taxes), and it covers:
Treatment as a public patient in a public hospital
75% of the fee on a government list (MBS) for doctors’ services in hospital if you’re a private patient
All (what’s known as ‘bulk billing’) or some of the cost of going to a GP or specialist
Some (but not all) tests and examinations your doctor orders for you
Reduced cost on some prescription medications, if they are on a government list called the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS).
There is a list of services subsidised by the government. Each has a fee that the government says is appropriate to charge for that service. This list is called the Medicare Benefits Schedule (or MBS). You can see the list here.