Showing results for tags 'index'. - 33andrain Jump to content

Search the Community

Showing results for tags 'index'.



More search options

  • Search By Tags

    Type tags separated by commas.
  • Search By Author

Content Type


Forums

  • 33andrain Community
    • Weather Spotlight
    • Thread Archive
    • Off Topic
  • 33andrain University
    • Research Portal

Product Groups

  • Premium Services
  • Winter Essentials

Find results in...

Find results that contain...


Date Created

  • Start

    End


Last Updated

  • Start

    End


Filter by number of...

Joined

  • Start

    End


Group


Location

Found 1 result

  1. Bring Back 1962-63

    INDEX TO PAPERS AND PRESENTATIONS

    INDEX TO PAPERS AND PRESENTATIONS - PART 1: A TO M (part 2 follows below on the next page) This index is proving to be the most popular way to find papers. Please note that there is a method to find papers or presentations under a very specific topic which is to use the tag search facility. This will produce a list of all the papers which have been allocated with that tag. Full instructions plus a tag list are all shown in the User Guide (just click on the words for a direct link). How to Use This Index: All the topic headings are in alphabetical order. Then the tag allocated to each heading is shown afterwards if an abbreviated form is used - many tags contain the full topic heading. The titles of every paper or article are shown under each topic heading and these are also in alphabetical order. Just click on the title and it will take you straight to an abstract or summary of the paper. From there you can decide if you wish to use the link to read the full paper or presentation African Easterly Waves (AEW): see also under Easterly Waves (for those that originate in other tropical regions) Absolute and Convective Instability of the African Easterly Jet A Climatological Relationship between MJO/ENSO Phases & Tropical Cyclone Interactions with Saharan Dust Storms across the Tropical Atlantic Basin Aerosol interactions with African/Atlantic climate dynamics African Easterly Waves - An Educational Guide African Easterly Wave Climatology Document - Dataset Information +++ African Easterly Wave Variability and Its Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity Analysis of African Easterly Wave Structures and Their Role in Influencing Tropical Cyclogenesis Analysis of Strengthening and Dissipating Mesoscale Convective Systems Propagating off the West African Coast A satellite analysis of mid-tropopsheric humidity and its impact on tropical cyclone genesis and intensification - Presentation A Synoptic Model for African Easterly Waves - Presentation Case Study of an Intense African Easterly Wave Characteristics of African easterly waves associated with tropical cyclogenesis in the Cape Verde Islands region in July–September 2004–2008 Characterization of convective systems and their association with African easterly waves Diabatic Rossby Waves as a Model for Convectively Coupled African Easterly Waves - Presentation Distinguishing Developing Versus Non-Developing African Easterly Waves Using Adaptive Observational Strategies Do West African thunderstorms predict the intensity of Atlantic hurricanes? Dust induced changes on the West African summer monsoon features Effects of Saharan Dust on the Linear Dynamics of African Easterly Waves Energy Transformation & Diabatic Processes in Developing & Nondeveloping African Easterly Waves Observed during the NAMMA Project of 2006 Evolution of Precipitation in Easterly Wave Critical Layers during Tropical Cylogenesis as Observed in TRMM Data - Presentation Genesis of Tropical Storm Debby (2006) within an African Easterly Wave: Roles of the Bottom-Up and Midlevel Pouch Processes Interaction of Kelvin and Easterly Waves Over the Atlantic and Implications for Tropical Cyclogenesis - Presentation Interactions of Diabatic Heating in Convective Superbursts with Energy Conversion Processes in the Genesis of Cape Verde Hurricanes from AEWs Internal processes within the African Easterly Wave system Investigating The Origin of African Easterly Waves - Presentation Large-Scale Atmospheric Forcing of Vertical Wind Shear in the Tropics - Poster Presentation Linking African Easterly Wave Activity with Equatorial Waves and the Influence of Rossby Waves from the Southern Hemisphere Low-Level African Easterly Wave Activity and Its Relation to Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis in 2001 Mechanisms of African Easterly Wave Genesis - Presentation On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation On the Influence of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on African Easterly waves - Presentation On the Non-development of a Strong African Easterly Wave: Investigating Ensemble Forecasts and In-situ Observations - Presentation On the Potential Causes of the Nonstationary Correlations between West African Precipitation and Atlantic Hurricane Activity Projected changes in African easterly wave intensity and track in response to greenhouse forcing Revisiting the connection between African Easterly Waves and Atlantic tropical cyclogenesis Saharan Dust and the Nonlinear Evolution of the African Easterly Jet–African Easterly Wave System - Presentation Simulations of the West African Monsoon with a Superparameterized Climate Model. Part II: African Easterly Waves Subcritical Destabilization of African Easterly Waves by Saharan Mineral Dust The Challenge of Classifying Propagating Synoptic Disturbances in the African Tropics – Examples from the DACCIWA Field Campaign - Presentation The Climatological Effect of Saharan Dust on Global Tropical Cyclones in a Fully Coupled GCM - Paper and Presentation The Genesis of African Easterly Waves by Upstream Development The impacts of Saharan dust on cloud microphysical & radiative processes in Hurricane Nadine (2012) during HS3 - Presentation The Importance of Critical Layer in Differentiating Developing from Nondeveloping Easterly Waves The Influence of the MJO on Upstream Precursors to African Easterly Waves The Interaction between Deep Convection and Easterly Wave Activity over Africa: Convective Transitions and Mechanisms The Intraseasonal Variability of African Easterly Wave Energetics The relation between dry vortex merger and tropical cyclone genesis over the Atlantic Ocean The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Paper The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Presentation Three-Dimensional Structure of African Easterly Waves based on Empirical Orthogonal Functions - Presentation Trains of African Easterly Waves and Their Relationship to Tropical Cyclone Genesis in the Eastern Atlantic Tropical cyclogenesis in a tropical wave critical layer: easterly waves Tropical Storm Development from African Easterly Waves in the Eastern Atlantic: A Comparison of Two Successive Waves Using a Regional Model as Part of NASA AMMA 2006 Understanding African easterly waves: a moist singular vector approach Variability of African Easterly Wave Structures- Presentation Variability of the African Easterly Jet and Its Influence on Easterly Waves - Poster Presentation West African Storm Tracks and Their Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclones What is an African Easterly Wave ? Aleutian Low: Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Pathway of Different El Niño Flavors in Stratosphere-Resolving CMIP5 Models Revisiting the Pacific Meridional Mode Antarctica: Antarctica Since The IGY (International Geophysical Year) Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques Causes of Antarctic Change - A Discussion Drivers of Polar Warming - Presentation Influence of subtropical Rossby wave trains on planetary wave activity over Antarctica in September 2002 Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 1 (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification) Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 2 (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification) Quick Facts on Arctic Sea Ice On the reproducibility of the September 2002 vortex splitting event in the Antarctic stratosphere achieved without satellite observations The Antarctic Centennial Oscillation: A Natural Paleoclimate Cycle in the Southern Hemisphere That Influences Global Temperatures The relative roles of structural uncertainty and internal variability in Antarctic climate change projections The Response of the Southern Ocean and Antarctic Sea Ice to Freshwater from Ice Shelves in an Earth System Model Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification Antarctic Centennial Oscillation (ACO): The Antarctic Centennial Oscillation: A Natural Paleoclimate Cycle in the Southern Hemisphere That Influences Global Temperatures Antarctic Oscillation (AAO): The Early 1990s Change in ENSO–PSA–SAM Relationships and Its Impact on Southern Hemisphere Climate Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection Arctic Oscillation (AO): Atmospheric summer teleconnections and Greenland Ice Sheet surface mass variations: insights from MERRA-2 Arctic Oscillation (AO) - A Simple Guide (including ao monthly values from 1950 to date) Changes in meandering of the Northern Hemisphere circulation Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review Evidence for a wavier jet stream in response to rapid Arctic warming Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in mid-latitudes Hindcasting the January 2009 Arctic Sudden Stratospheric Warming and Its Influence on the Arctic Oscillation with Unified Parameterization of Orographic Drag in NOGAPS. Part I: Extended-Range Stand-Alone Forecast How Predictable Are the Arctic and North Atlantic Oscillations? Exploring the Variability and Predictability of the Northern Hemisphere Impact of Large-scale Climatic Oscillations on Snowfall-related Climate Parameters in the World's Major Downhill Ski Areas: A Review Impact of the Stratosphere on the Winter Tropospheric Teleconnections between ENSO and the North Atlantic and European Region Investigating Possible Arctic–Midlatitude Teleconnections in a Linear Framework Increased Variability in the Early Winter Subarctic North American Atmospheric Circulation Linking stratospheric circulation extremes and minimum Arctic sea ice extent Mountain torques and atmospheric oscillations Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability.Part II: Regional Aspects Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Pathway of Different El Niño Flavors in Stratosphere-Resolving CMIP5 Models On the atmospheric response experiment to a Blue Arctic Ocean: Climate Response to Blue Arctic Ocean Relationships Between El Nino-Southern Oscillation and the Arctic Oscillation: A Climate-Weather Link Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation Some Observed Features of Stratosphere-Troposphere Coupling - Lecture Sudden Stratospheric Warming: Causes & Effects The Role of Zonal Asymmetry in the Enhancement and Suppression of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Variability by the Madden–Julian Oscillation The stratospheric pathway for Arctic impacts on midlatitude climate Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection Tropospheric Precursors and Stratospheric Warmings Upward Wave Activity Flux as a Precursor to Extreme Stratospheric Events and Subsequent Anomalous Surface Weather Regimes What kind of stratospheric sudden warming propagates to the troposphere? ARCTIC SEA ICE: We have separated this large and growing category into two sub-headings below to assist researchers and readers. These are Arctic Amplification (warming and the associated recent ice loss) and Arctic Ice Cover (ice extent relating to earlier and more historic events and trends). A few papers appear under both sub-headings Arctic Amplification (AA): often referred to as Arctic Warming (see also under Arctic Ice Cover) A Theory for Polar Amplification from a General Circulation Perspective Causes of Arctic Amplification - A Discussion Changing state of Arctic sea ice across all seasons Consequences of Arctic Amplification: Role of the Stratosphere - A Discussion Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review Evidence for a wavier jet stream in response to rapid Arctic warming Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in mid-latitudes How Global Warming and Arctic Ice melt Intensify Hurricanes - YouTube Presentation Influence of Arctic sea ice on the North Atlantic Oscillation Investigating Possible Arctic–Midlatitude Teleconnections in a Linear Framework Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 1 (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification) Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 2 (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification) Major Cause of Unprecedented Arctic Warming in January 2016: Critical Role of an Atlantic Windstorm Multiple Drivers of Arctic Amplification - Presentation Nonlinear response of mid-latitude weather to the changing Arctic Projected SSTs over the 21st century: Changes in the mean, variability and extremes for large marine ecosystem regions of Northern Oceans Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability Response of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks to projected future warming The influence of Arctic amplification on mid-latitude summer circulation The Role of Downward Infrared Radiation in Arctic Amplification - Presentation Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification Warm Arctic episodes linked with increased frequency of extreme winter weather in the United States Arctic Ice Cover: also referred to as Arctic Ice Extent (see also under Arctic Amplification) Annual September Arctic Sea ice extent 1979-2012 - Presentation Arctic Climate Change Atmospheric response to changes in Arctic sea ice thickness Causes of Arctic Amplification - A Discussion Causes of Arctic Sea Ice Loss - A Discussion Changing state of Arctic sea ice across all seasons Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era Cold winter extremes in northern continents linked to Arctic sea ice loss Consequences of Arctic Amplification: Role of the Stratosphere - A Discussion Consistency and discrepancy in the atmospheric response to Arctic sea-ice loss across climate models Contributions of Ice Thickness to the Atmospheric Response From Projected Arctic Sea Ice Loss Drivers of Polar Warming - Presentation Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review Evidence for a wavier jet stream in response to rapid Arctic warming Fast Response of the Tropics to an Abrupt Loss of Arctic Sea Ice via Ocean Dynamics How Global Warming and Arctic Ice melt Intensify Hurricanes - YouTube Presentation Influence of Arctic sea ice on the North Atlantic Oscillation Influence of high-latitude atmospheric circulation changes on summertime Arctic sea ice Investigating Possible Arctic–Midlatitude Teleconnections in a Linear Framework Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 1 (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification) Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 2 (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification) Linking stratospheric circulation extremes and minimum Arctic sea ice extent Major Cause of Unprecedented Arctic Warming in January 2016: Critical Role of an Atlantic Windstorm Multiple Drivers of Arctic Amplification - Presentation Nonlinear response of mid-latitude weather to the changing Arctic On the atmospheric response experiment to a Blue Arctic Ocean: Climate Response to Blue Arctic Ocean Projected SSTs over the 21st century: Changes in the mean, variability and extremes for large marine ecosystem regions of Northern Oceans Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability Quick Facts on Arctic Sea Ice Reconstruction of autumn sea ice extent changes since AD1289 in the Barents-Kara Sea, Arctic Response of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks to projected future warming Seasonal and Regional Manifestation of Arctic Sea Ice Loss The influence of Arctic amplification on mid-latitude summer circulation The stratospheric pathway for Arctic impacts on midlatitude climate Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification Variability and future projections of Arctic sea ice thickness Asian Monsoon: Distinct impacts of the Mongolian and Tibetan Plateaus on the evolution of the East Asian monsoon Effect of Yunnan–Guizhou Topography at the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau on the Indian Monsoon Effects of Parameterized Orographic Drag on Weather Forecasting and Simulated Climatology Over East Asia During Boreal Summer Effects of the Tibetan Plateau. A chapter in the book "The Asian Monsoon" Influence of the Tibetan Plateau uplift on the Asian monsoon-arid environment evolution Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau Recent progress in the impact of the Tibetan Plateau on climate in China Review on climate change on the Tibetan Plateau during the last half century The Influence of Mechanical and Thermal Forcing by the Tibetan Plateau on Asian Climate Atlantic Cold Pool: Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) - see also under Gulf Stream: A last millennium perspective on North Atlantic variability: exploiting synergies between models and proxy data Climate impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation simulated in the CMIP5 models: A re‐evaluation based on a revised index Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities Effect of AMOC collapse on ENSO in a high resolution general circulation model Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics Global and European climate impacts of a slowdown of the AMOC in a high resolution GCM Gulf Stream Excursions and Sectional Detachments Generate the Decadal Pulses in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation Impacts of high-latitude volcanic eruptions on ENSO and AMOC Insights into Atlantic multidecadal variability using the Last Millennium Reanalysis framework Intrinsic and atmospherically forced variability of the AMOC : insights from a large-ensemble ocean hindcast Observations, inferences, and mechanisms of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A review Oceanic forcing of the interhemispheric SST dipole associated with the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability Recent subsurface North Atlantic cooling trend in context of Atlantic decadal-to-multidecadal variability Response of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks to projected future warming The role of Atlantic overturning circulation in the recent decline of Atlantic major hurricane frequency The Central Role of Ocean Dynamics in Connecting the NAO to the Extratropical Component of the AMO Underestimated AMOC Variability and Implications for AMV and Predictability in CMIP Models Atlantic Meridional Mode (AMM): Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics Patterns of North Atlantic Decadal Variability and Hurricane Intensity Change - Presentation The Atlantic Meridional Mode and hurricane activity The Influence of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Caribbean Tropical Cyclone Activity The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Paper The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Presentation Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) and Atlantic Multidecadal Variability (AMV): About the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) African Easterly Wave Climatology Document - Dataset Information +++ A last millennium perspective on North Atlantic variability: exploiting synergies between models and proxy data Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) - NOAA Data Atlantic Multidecadal Variability as a Modulator of Precipitation Variability in the Southwest United States Climate impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation simulated in the CMIP5 models: A re‐evaluation based on a revised index Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era Co-variability of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and the eastern North Pacific Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities Dominant Role of Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation in the Recent Decadal Changes in Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics ENSO Amplitude Modulation Associated with the Mean SST Changes in the Tropical Central Pacific Induced by Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation Gulf Stream Excursions and Sectional Detachments Generate the Decadal Pulses in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation Impact of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) on deriving anthropogenic warming rates from the instrumental temperature record Impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability on North American Summer Climate and Heat Waves Increasing Magnitude of Hurricane Rapid Intensification in the Central and Eastern Tropical Atlantic Influence of Arctic sea ice on the North Atlantic Oscillation Insights into Atlantic multidecadal variability using the Last Millennium Reanalysis framework Interdecadal variability in pan-Pacific and global SST, revisited Intrinsic and atmospherically forced variability of the AMOC : insights from a large-ensemble ocean hindcast Is There Evidence of Changes in Tropical Atlantic Variability Modes under AMO Phases in the Observational Record? Linking Emergence of the Central Pacific El Niño to the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics Near-term Climate Predictions of the North Atlantic Region - YouTube Presentation Observations, inferences, and mechanisms of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A review Oceanic forcing of the interhemispheric SST dipole associated with the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation Patterns of North Atlantic Decadal Variability and Hurricane Intensity Change - Presentation Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability Recent subsurface North Atlantic cooling trend in context of Atlantic decadal-to-multidecadal variability Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations Stratospheric role in interdecadal changes of El Niño impacts over Europe The AMO as a Driver of Multi-decadal ENSO Variability The Atlantic Meridional Mode and hurricane activity The impact of the AMO on multidecadal ENSO variability The Influence of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Caribbean Tropical Cyclone Activity The Central Role of Ocean Dynamics in Connecting the NAO to the Extratropical Component of the AMO The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Paper The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Presentation The role of Atlantic overturning circulation in the recent decline of Atlantic major hurricane frequency The role of historical forcings in simulating the observed Atlantic multidecadal oscillation Underestimated AMOC Variability and Implications for AMV and Predictability in CMIP Models What is the Atlantic AMO (Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation)? Atlantic Warm Pool: Characterizing the Variations of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Motion - Presentation Atmosphere-Ocean Coupling (see under Ocean-Atmosphere coupling): Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Model (AOGCM): Multi‐decadal variability of sudden stratospheric warmings in an AOGCM Atmospheric Angular Momentum (AAM): A gentle stroll through EP (Eliassen & Palm) flux theory An Essay on the General Circulation of the Earth's Atmosphere (1947) Angular momentum in the global atmospheric circulation A Synoptic–Dynamic Model of Subseasonal Atmospheric Variability Atmospheric Dynamics Feedback: Concept, Simulations, and Climate Implications Atmospheric forcing mechanisms of polar motion Atmospheric torques and Earth’s rotation: what drove the millisecond-level length-of-day response to the 2015–2016 El Niño? Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques Centennial Trend and Decadal-to-Interdecadal Variability of Atmospheric Angular Momentum in CMIP3 and CMIP5 Simulations Dynamic coupling of the stratosphere with the troposphere and sudden stratospheric warmings Gravity wave refraction by three-dimensionally varying winds and the global transport of angular momentum Isentropic Pressure and Mountain Torques Latitude–Height Structure of the Atmospheric Angular Momentum Cycle Associated with the Madden–Julian Oscillation Mountains, the Global Frictional Torque, and the Circulation over the Pacific–North American Region Mountain torques and atmospheric oscillations Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability. Part I: Hemispheric Aspects Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability.Part II: Regional Aspects Planetary‐scale wave activity as a source of varying tropospheric response to stratospheric sudden warming events: A case study Regional Sources of Mountain Torque Variability and High-Frequency Fluctuations in Atmospheric Angular Momentum Relationship between Tropical Pacific SST and global atmospheric angular momentum in coupled models Relation between variations in the intensity of the zonal circulation of the atmosphere and the displacements of the semi-permanent centers of action Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming Stochastic and oscillatory forcing of global atmospheric angular momentum Studies of atmospheric angular momentum The Angular Momentum Budget of the Transformed Eulerian Mean Equations The atmospheric angular momentum cycle during the tropical Madden-Julian Oscillation The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations The Effects of Mountains on the General Circulation of the Atmosphere as Identified by Numerical Experiments The intraseasonal atmospheric angular momentum associated with MJO convective initiations The layer of frictional influence in wind and ocean currents [1935] The remote effect of the Tibetan Plateau on downstream flow in early summer The Role of Mountains in the Angular Momentum Balance of the Atmosphere The tropical Madden-Julian oscillation and the global wind oscillation Topographic Instability: Tests Tornado Frequency in the United States Related to Global Relative Angular Momentum Torques and the Related Meridional and Vertical Fluxes of Axial Angular Momentum Uncertainty analysis of atmospheric friction torque on the solid Earth Unusual Behavior in Atmospheric Angular Momentum during the 1965 and 1972 El Niños What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts? (A YouTube Presentation) Where is ENSO stress balanced? Atmospheric Circulation (see also under General Circulation of the Atmosphere): A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings An Essay on the General Circulation of the Earth's Atmosphere (1947) Angular momentum in the global atmospheric circulation Cold winter extremes in northern continents linked to Arctic sea ice loss Contributions of Ice Thickness to the Atmospheric Response From Projected Arctic Sea Ice Loss Energetic Constraints on the Width of the Intertropical Convergence Zone Fast and Slow Components of the Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to CO2 Forcing Increased Variability in the Early Winter Subarctic North American Atmospheric Circulation Investigating Possible Arctic–Midlatitude Teleconnections in a Linear Framework Isentropic Pressure and Mountain Torques Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation On the importance of gravity waves in the middle atmosphere and their parameterization in general circulation models Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming Seasonal and Regional Variations of Long-Term Changes in Upper-Tropospheric Jets from Reanalyses Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection Toward a Physically Based Gravity Wave Source Parameterization in a General Circulation Model Atmospheric Forcing: Atmospheric forcing mechanisms of polar motion Atmospheric Rivers: Modulation of the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Flow and Extreme Events By the Madden-Julian Oscillation - Presentation Atmospheric Waves: Internal wave coupling processes in Earth’s atmosphere Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds Blocking (when related specifically to teleconnections): Blocking high influence on the stratospheric variability through enhancement and suppression of upward planetary-wave propagation Blocking precursors to stratospheric sudden warming events Extraordinary Features of the Planetary Wave Propagation During the Boreal Winter 2013/2014 and the Zonal Wave Number Two Predominance Modulation of the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Flow and Extreme Events By the Madden-Julian Oscillation - Presentation Multi‐decadal variability of sudden stratospheric warmings in an AOGCM North Atlantic winter eddy-driven jet & atmospheric blocking variability in the Community Earth System Model version 1 Large Ensemble simulations On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking Response of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks to projected future warming The preconditioning of major sudden stratospheric warmings Brewer-Dobson Circulation: The Brewer-Dobson Circulation Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau Stratosphere‐troposphere exchange Central American Gap Flow: An Investigation of the Formation of Hurricane Patricia (2015) - Presentation Central American Gyres (CAG): A Climatology of Central American Gyres Central Pacific Warming (CPW): Impact of Shifting Patterns of Pacific Ocean Warming on North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Climate Change: Analyzing the combined influence of solar activity and El Niño on streamflow across southern Canada Antarctica Since The IGY (International Geophysical Year) Arctic Climate Change A real-time Global Warming Index Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records A Theory for Polar Amplification from a General Circulation Perspective Atlantic Multidecadal Variability as a Modulator of Precipitation Variability in the Southwest United States Atmospheric response to changes in Arctic sea ice thickness Causes of Antarctic Change - A Discussion Causes of Arctic Amplification - A Discussion Causes of Arctic Sea Ice Loss - A Discussion Centennial Trend and Decadal-to-Interdecadal Variability of Atmospheric Angular Momentum in CMIP3 and CMIP5 Simulations Climate science in the tropics: waves, vortices and PDEs Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era Consistency and discrepancy in the atmospheric response to Arctic sea-ice loss across climate models Drivers of Polar Warming - Presentation Effect of AMOC collapse on ENSO in a high resolution general circulation model Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review Energetic Constraints on the Width of the Intertropical Convergence Zone Fast and Slow Components of the Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to CO2 Forcing Global Warming and ENSO – A “Helter-Skelter” Atmosphere Have Increases in CO2 Contributed to the Recent Large Upswing in Atlantic Basin Major Hurricanes Since 1995? Influence of high-latitude atmospheric circulation changes on summertime Arctic sea ice Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 1 (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification) Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 2 (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification) Migration of the Lifetime Maximum Intensity of Tropical Cyclones: Relation to Maximum Wind Speeds - Presentation Multiple Drivers of Arctic Amplification - Presentation Nonlinear response of mid-latitude weather to the changing Arctic Projected SSTs over the 21st century: Changes in the mean, variability and extremes for large marine ecosystem regions of Northern Oceans Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability Reconstruction of autumn sea ice extent changes since AD1289 in the Barents-Kara Sea, Arctic Relationship between Tropical Pacific SST and global atmospheric angular momentum in coupled models Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming Review on climate change on the Tibetan Plateau during the last half century Seasonal and Regional Manifestation of Arctic Sea Ice Loss The changing hail threat over North America in response to anthropogenic climate change The MJO‐SSW Teleconnection: Interaction Between MJO‐Forced Waves and the Midlatitude Jet The influence of Arctic amplification on mid-latitude summer circulation The relative roles of structural uncertainty and internal variability in Antarctic climate change projections The Response of the Southern Ocean and Antarctic Sea Ice to Freshwater from Ice Shelves in an Earth System Model Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification Variability and future projections of Arctic sea ice thickness Warm Arctic episodes linked with increased frequency of extreme winter weather in the United States What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts? (A YouTube Presentation) Why CO2 cools the middle atmosphere – a consolidating model perspective Climate Variability (natural variability, not human induced): A last millennium perspective on North Atlantic variability: exploiting synergies between models and proxy data A real-time Global Warming Index Centennial Trend and Decadal-to-Interdecadal Variability of Atmospheric Angular Momentum in CMIP3 and CMIP5 Simulations How Predictable Are the Arctic and North Atlantic Oscillations? Exploring the Variability and Predictability of the Northern Hemisphere Intrinsic and atmospherically forced variability of the AMOC : insights from a large-ensemble ocean hindcast Near-term Climate Predictions of the North Atlantic Region - YouTube Presentation Observations, inferences, and mechanisms of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A review Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability Relationship between Tropical Pacific SST and global atmospheric angular momentum in coupled models The Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to ENSO: How Well Do We Know It and How Do We Evaluate Models Accordingly? The South Pacific Meridional Mode: A Mechanism for ENSO-like Variability CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) Forcing, Increases and Impacts: Atmospheric Dynamics Feedback: Concept, Simulations, and Climate Implications Fast and Slow Components of the Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to CO2 Forcing Have Increases in CO2 Contributed to the Recent Large Upswing in Atlantic Basin Major Hurricanes Since 1995? Multiple Drivers of Arctic Amplification - Presentation Why CO2 cools the middle atmosphere – a consolidating model perspective Cold Winter Extremes (when related specifically to teleconnections): Warm Arctic episodes linked with increased frequency of extreme winter weather in the United States Convection, Convective Self-Aggregation and Convective Cold Pools (in relation to hurricane formation): Absolute and Convective Instability of the African Easterly Jet Aerosol interactions with African/Atlantic climate dynamics A Hypothesis for the Intensification of Tropical Cyclones under Moderate Vertical Wind Shear - Presentation Convective Cold Pool Responses to Changes in Sea-Surface Temperature - Presentation Climate science in the tropics: waves, vortices and PDEs Convective Evolution during Tropical Cyclone Formation – Revisiting Zehr (1992) - Presentation Impacts of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on Environmental Conditions for Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis Instabilities of Radiative Convective Equilibrium with an Interactive Surface - Presentation Internal processes within the African Easterly Wave system Investigating The Origin of African Easterly Waves - Presentation On the Influence of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on African Easterly waves - Presentation Saharan Dust and the Nonlinear Evolution of the African Easterly Jet–African Easterly Wave System - Presentation Simulations of the West African Monsoon with a Superparameterized Climate Model. Part II: African Easterly Waves Subseasonal Forecasts of Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves and the MJO: Activity and Predictive Skill The Virtual Effect of Water Vapor Helps Shape Basic Features of Convective Self-Aggregation - Presentation Coriolis Force and Effect: Dependence of MJO Phase Speed on Background Flow - Presentation Ocean Currents and Climate - An Information Guide The Myth That Tropical Cyclones Cannot Form Near the Equator - Presentation Coupling, Ocean-Atmosphere (see under Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling): Coupling, Stratosphere/Troposphere: Comparing Extreme Heat Flux Events for Wavenumber 1 and 2 Coupling of Stratospheric Warmings with Mesospheric Coolings in Observations and Simulations Defining Sudden Stratospheric Warming in Climate Models: Accounting for Biases in Model Climatologies Dynamic coupling of the stratosphere with the troposphere and sudden stratospheric warmings Interannual variability in the gravity wave drag – vertical coupling and possible climate links Linking stratospheric circulation extremes and minimum Arctic sea ice extent MJO‐Related Tropical Convection Anomalies Lead to More Accurate Stratospheric Vortex Variability in Sub-seasonal Forecast Models Multi‐decadal variability of sudden stratospheric warmings in an AOGCM On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation Preconditioning of Arctic Stratospheric Polar Vortex Shift Events Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau Propagation of planetary‐scale disturbances from the lower into the upper atmosphere Revisiting the ENSO–SSW Relationship Role of Finite-Amplitude Eddies and Mixing in the Life Cycle of Stratospheric Sudden Warmings Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings Snow-atmosphere coupling and its impact on temperature variability and extremes over North America Snow–atmosphere coupling in the Northern Hemisphere Snow–Atmosphere Coupling Strength. Part I: Effect of Model Biases Some Observed Features of Stratosphere-Troposphere Coupling - Lecture Stratosphere‐troposphere exchange The association between stratospheric weak polar vortex events and cold air outbreaks in the Northern Hemisphere The Life Cycle of Northern Hemisphere Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere Three Types of Synoptic Events and Their Associated Troposphere-Stratosphere Coupling Transfer of the solar signal from the stratosphere to the troposphere: Northern Winter Tropospheric and Stratospheric Precursors to the January 2013 Sudden Stratospheric Warming Why are Upward EP-Flux and Temperature Positively Skewed in the Stratosphere? Critical Point and Critical Layer: Evolution of Precipitation in Easterly Wave Critical Layers during Tropical Cylogenesis as Observed in TRMM Data - Presentation Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds The Importance of Critical Layer in Differentiating Developing from Nondeveloping Easterly Waves Tropical cyclogenesis in a tropical wave critical layer: easterly waves Cryosphere: Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era Quick Facts on Arctic Sea Ice Cyclogenesis and Rapid Intensification of Tropical Storms Hurricanes: A Hypothesis for the Intensification of Tropical Cyclones under Moderate Vertical Wind Shear - Presentation Analysis of Strengthening and Dissipating Mesoscale Convective Systems Propagating off the West African Coast A satellite analysis of mid-tropopsheric humidity and its impact on tropical cyclone genesis and intensification - Presentation Characteristics of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification in Environments of Upper-Tropospheric Troughs - Presentation Convective Adjustment, Gravity Waves and Diurnal Regulation of Tropical Cyclogenesis - Presentation Convective Evolution during Tropical Cyclone Formation – Revisiting Zehr (1992) - Presentation Diabatic Rossby Waves as a Model for Convectively Coupled African Easterly Waves - Presentation Effect of Sea-Surface Temperature and Ambient Moisture on the Formation and Predictability of Tropical Cyclones Under Vertical Wind Shear: An Ensemble Predictability Perspective - Presentation Effect of remote sea surface temperature change on tropical cyclone potential intensity Effects of Saharan Dust on the Linear Dynamics of African Easterly Waves Evolution of Environmental Characteristics in Rapidly and Slowly Intensifying Tropical Cyclones in North Atlantic & Eastern North Pacific - Presentation Evolution of Precipitation in Easterly Wave Critical Layers during Tropical Cylogenesis as Observed in TRMM Data - Presentation How Does the Diurnal Radiative Heating Cycle Impact the Genesis and Intensification of Tropical Cyclones? - Presentation Impact of the Boreal Summer Quasi-biweekly Oscillation on Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity - Presentation Impacts of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on Environmental Conditions for Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis Intraseasonal Tropical Cyclogenesis Prediction in a Global Coupled Model System Investigating The Origin of African Easterly Waves - Presentation Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis: A Global Survey Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework - Presentation On Maximum Potential Intensification Rate (MPIR) of a Tropical Cyclone: An Observational Perspective - Presentation On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation On the Influence of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on African Easterly waves - Presentation On the Non-development of a Strong African Easterly Wave: Investigating Ensemble Forecasts and In-situ Observations - Presentation On the Potential Causes of the Nonstationary Correlations between West African Precipitation and Atlantic Hurricane Activity Physical Mechanisms of Tropopause Polar Vortex Intensity Change Projected changes in African easterly wave intensity and track in response to greenhouse forcing Relationship between Tropical Cyclone Genesis in Main Development Region & Seasonal Tropical Cyclone Activity in Atlantic Basin - Poster Presentation Revisiting the 26.5°C Sea Surface Temperature Threshold for Tropical Cyclone Development Sea Spray Transport Intensifying Tropical Cyclones - Presentation The Dynamics of ENSO–Atlantic Hurricane Teleconnection: ENSO-Related Changes to N African–Asian Jet Affect Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclogenesis The Extreme Intensification and Predictability of 2015's Hurricane Patricia - Presentation The Genesis of African Easterly Waves by Upstream Development The Influence of the Upper-Level Environmental Flow on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity Predictability - Presentation The relation between dry vortex merger and tropical cyclone genesis over the Atlantic Ocean Tropical Storm Development from African Easterly Waves in the Eastern Atlantic: A Comparison of Two Successive Waves Using a Regional Model as Part of NASA AMMA 2006 Upper-Tropospheric Static Stability in Tropical Cyclones: Observations and Modeling Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities Dry Air Intrusion Pathways (in Tropical Cyclone Genesis): A Hypothesis for the Intensification of Tropical Cyclones under Moderate Vertical Wind Shear - Presentation Analysis of Strengthening and Dissipating Mesoscale Convective Systems Propagating off the West African Coast A satellite analysis of mid-tropopsheric humidity and its impact on tropical cyclone genesis and intensification - Presentation Does Cooler Air Near the Top of the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) Play a Role in Hurricane Intensity Change during Hurricane-SAL Interactions? - Presentation Dry Air, Midlevel Flow, and the Persistence of Deep Convection in Atlantic Tropical Disturbances - Presentation Instabilities of Radiative Convective Equilibrium with an Interactive Surface - Presentation On the Non-development of a Strong African Easterly Wave: Investigating Ensemble Forecasts and In-situ Observations - Presentation The Climatological Effect of Saharan Dust on Global Tropical Cyclones in a Fully Coupled GCM - Paper and Presentation The relation between dry vortex merger and tropical cyclone genesis over the Atlantic Ocean Three-Dimensional Structure of African Easterly Waves based on Empirical Orthogonal Functions - Presentation Tropical Storm Development from African Easterly Waves in the Eastern Atlantic: A Comparison of Two Successive Waves Using a Regional Model as Part of NASA AMMA 2006 Variability of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Weakening on a Global Scale - Presentation Earth's Magnetic Field (see under Magnetic Field): East Asian Mountain Torque (EAMT): Annual atmospheric torques: Processes and regional contributions Atmospheric forcing mechanisms of polar motion Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques Distinct impacts of the Mongolian and Tibetan Plateaus on the evolution of the East Asian monsoon Effect of Yunnan–Guizhou Topography at the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau on the Indian Monsoon Effects of Parameterized Orographic Drag on Weather Forecasting and Simulated Climatology Over East Asia During Boreal Summer Effects of the Tibetan Plateau. A chapter in the book "The Asian Monsoon" Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation Mountains, the Global Frictional Torque, and the Circulation over the Pacific–North American Region Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability.Part II: Regional Aspects Mountain Torque Events at the Tibetan Plateau On the Influence of the Earth's Orography on the General Character of the Westerlies On the Three-Dimensional Propagation of Stationary Waves Orography and the Boreal Winter Stratosphere: the Importance of the Mongolian mountains Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau Regional Sources of Mountain Torque Variability and High-Frequency Fluctuations in Atmospheric Angular Momentum Sudden Stratospheric Warming: Causes & Effects The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations The Effects of Mountains on the General Circulation of the Atmosphere as Identified by Numerical Experiments Where is ENSO stress balanced? Easterly Waves: other than African Easterly Waves (AEW) - for those, see under that heading An Investigation of the Formation of Hurricane Patricia (2015) - Presentation Case study analysis of easterly wave formation in the East Pacific - Poster Presentation Evolution of Precipitation in Easterly Wave Critical Layers during Tropical Cylogenesis as Observed in TRMM Data - Presentation Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework - Presentation On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation Planetary Scale Intraseasonal Disturbances - Presentation The Importance of Critical Layer in Differentiating Developing from Nondeveloping Easterly Waves The Madden-Julian Oscillation and Mean Global Easterly Winds - Presentation Tropical cyclogenesis in a tropical wave critical layer: easterly waves Easterly Wind Bursts (also known as Easterly Wind Events): Modulation of equatorial Pacific westerly/easterly wind events by the Madden–Julian oscillation and convectively‑coupled Rossby waves Timing of subsurface heat magnitude for the growth of El Niño events East Pacific Oscillation (EPO): East Pacific Oscillation Key to Pattern Change - YouTube Presentation EPO: What you need to know What is the Eastern Pacific Oscillation?  A Learning Guide Educational Papers, Learning Guides and Presentations: About the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) African Easterly Waves - An Educational Guide All About Tornadoes - A Fact Sheet Arctic Oscillation (AO) - A Simple Guide How are Hurricanes Different from Tornadoes How Do Hurricanes Spawn Tornadoes? Hurricane Structure Kelvin Waves - A Learner's Guide Ocean Currents and Climate - An Information Guide Quick Facts on Arctic Sea Ice Sunspots and the Solar Max - What Exactly is a Sunspot? The North Atlantic Oscillation - Learning Guide What Does "Invest" Mean With Tropical Weather? What is an African Easterly Wave ? What is the Atlantic AMO (Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation)? What is the Eastern Pacific Oscillation?  A Learning Guide What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts? (A YouTube Presentation) Eliassen & Palm Flux (EP Flux): A gentle stroll through EP (Eliassen & Palm) flux theory Dynamics of 2013 Sudden Stratospheric Warming event and its impact on cold weather over Eurasia: Role of planetary wave reflection Effect of Madden–Julian Oscillation Occurrence Frequency on the Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Wave Activity in Winter Extraordinary Features of the Planetary Wave Propagation During the Boreal Winter 2013/2014 and the Zonal Wave Number Two Predominance Influence of subtropical Rossby wave trains on planetary wave activity over Antarctica in September 2002 On the Three-Dimensional Propagation of Stationary Waves Planetary‐scale wave activity as a source of varying tropospheric response to stratospheric sudden warming events: A case study Saharan Dust and the Nonlinear Evolution of the African Easterly Jet–African Easterly Wave System - Presentation Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation Sudden Stratospheric Warmings and Anomalous Upward Wave Activity Flux The Angular Momentum Budget of the Transformed Eulerian Mean Equations The MJO‐SSW Teleconnection: Interaction Between MJO‐Forced Waves and the Midlatitude Jet The Role of Zonal Asymmetry in the Enhancement and Suppression of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Variability by the Madden–Julian Oscillation Three Types of Synoptic Events and Their Associated Troposphere-Stratosphere Coupling Vortex Preconditioning due to Planetary and Gravity Waves prior to Sudden Stratospheric Warmings Why are Upward EP-Flux and Temperature Positively Skewed in the Stratosphere? El Nino: A Madden‐Julian Oscillation event remotely accelerates ocean upwelling to abruptly terminate the 1997/1998 super El Niño Analyzing the combined influence of solar activity and El Niño on streamflow across southern Canada Analyzing the influences of two types of El Niño on tropical cyclone genesis with a modified genesis potential index A Review of ENSO Theories Atmospheric torques and Earth’s rotation: what drove the millisecond-level length-of-day response to the 2015–2016 El Niño? Both air-sea components are crucial for El Niño forecast from boreal spring Changes in Frequency of Major Stratospheric Sudden Warmings with El Niño/Southern Oscillation and Quasi-Biennial Oscillation Causes and Predictability of the Negative Indian Ocean Dipole and Its Impact on La Niña During 2016 Different ENSO teleconnections and their effects on the stratospheric polar vortex Eastern Pacific tropical cyclones intensified by El Niño delivery of subsurface ocean heat Effects of stratospheric variability on El Niño teleconnections El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation El Niño and La Niña Years and Intensities - Charts from 1950 to date El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina,  Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation El Niño, La Niña, and stratospheric sudden warmings: A reevaluation in light of the observational record El Niño/Southern Oscillation behaviour since 1871 as diagnosed in an extended multivariate ENSO index (MEI.ext) ENSO Amplitude Modulation Associated with the Mean SST Changes in the Tropical Central Pacific Induced by Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnection, and Impacts - Workshop Global Warming and ENSO – A “Helter-Skelter” Atmosphere Historical El Nino and La Nina Episodes - from 1950 to date Influence of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on tornado and hail frequency in the United States Impact of the South and North Pacific Meridional Modes on ENSO: Observational Analysis and Comparison Impacts of high-latitude volcanic eruptions on ENSO and AMOC Impact of interactive westerly wind bursts on CCSM3 Importance of Late Fall ENSO Teleconnection in the Euro-Atlantic Sector Indian Ocean Dipole Modes Associated with Different Types of ENSO Development Interaction Between the Indian Ocean Dipole and ENSO Associated with Ocean Subsurface Variability - Presentation Intrabasin Variability of East Pacific Tropical Cyclones During ENSO Regulated by Central American Gap Winds Is There Evidence of Changes in Tropical Atlantic Variability Modes under AMO Phases in the Observational Record? Leading modes of tropical Pacific subsurface ocean temperature and associations with two types of El Niño Linking Emergence of the Central Pacific El Niño to the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation Look South, ENSO Forecasters Modulation of equatorial Pacific westerly/easterly wind events by the Madden–Julian oscillation and convectively‑coupled Rossby waves Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics Multi‐decadal variability of sudden stratospheric warmings in an AOGCM Multivariate ENSO Index - NOAA homepage Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Pathway of Different El Niño Flavors in Stratosphere-Resolving CMIP5 Models On the 60-month cycle of multivariate ENSO index On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking Predictability of SST-Modulated Westerly Wind Bursts Quantifying the Dependence of Westerly Wind Bursts on the Large-Scale Tropical Pacific SST Relationship between Tropical Pacific SST and global atmospheric angular momentum in coupled models Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming Revisiting the ENSO–SSW Relationship Revisiting the Pacific Meridional Mode Rossby wave dynamics of the North Pacific extra-tropical response to El Nino: Importance of the basic state in coupled GCMs Sea surface temperature in the north tropical Atlantic as a trigger for El Niño/Southern Oscillation events Seasonal predictability of winter ENSO types in operational dynamical model predictions Separating the stratospheric and tropospheric pathways of El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnections Stratospheric role in interdecadal changes of El Niño impacts over Europe The 2018 hurricane season could be as busy as the 2017 season The AMO as a Driver of Multi-decadal ENSO Variability The changing impact of El Niño on US winter temperatures The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño The Distinct Contributions of the Seasonal Footprinting and Charged‐Discharged Mechanisms to ENSO Complexity The Dynamics of ENSO–Atlantic Hurricane Teleconnection: ENSO-Related Changes to N African–Asian Jet Affect Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclogenesis The Early 1990s Change in ENSO–PSA–SAM Relationships and Its Impact on Southern Hemisphere Climate The impact of the AMO on multidecadal ENSO variability The Influence of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Caribbean Tropical Cyclone Activity The interannual variability of hurricane activity in the Atlantic and East Pacific Regions The interaction between the Western Indian Ocean and ENSO in CESM The Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to ENSO: How Well Do We Know It and How Do We Evaluate Models Accordingly? The South Pacific Meridional Mode as a Thermally Driven Source of ENSO Amplitude Modulation and Uncertainty Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection Timing of subsurface heat magnitude for the growth of El Niño events Triggering of El Niño onset through trade wind–induced charging of the equatorial Pacific Unusual Behavior in Atmospheric Angular Momentum during the 1965 and 1972 El Niños Westerly Wind Bursts and Their Relationship with Intraseasonal Variations and ENSO. Part I: Statistics Westerly Wind Bursts: ENSO’s Tail Rather than the Dog? Westerly Wind Events in the Tropical Pacific and their Influence on the Coupled Ocean‐Atmosphere System: A Review Where is ENSO stress balanced? El Nino Modoki: El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO): 34 Years of Atlantic Basin Seasonal Hurricane Forecasts - Presentation A Climatological Relationship between MJO/ENSO Phases & Tropical Cyclone Interactions with Saharan Dust Storms across the Tropical Atlantic Basin A Madden‐Julian Oscillation event remotely accelerates ocean upwelling to abruptly terminate the 1997/1998 super El Niño Analyzing the influences of two types of El Niño on tropical cyclone genesis with a modified genesis potential index A Review of ENSO Theories Assessing the Relationship between MJO and Equatorial Pacific WWBs in Observations and CMIP5 Models A Synoptic–Dynamic Model of Subseasonal Atmospheric Variability Atlantic Multidecadal Variability as a Modulator of Precipitation Variability in the Southwest United States Atmospheric and surface variations during westerly wind bursts in the tropical western Pacific Atmospheric torques and Earth’s rotation: what drove the millisecond-level length-of-day response to the 2015–2016 El Niño? Baroclinic-to-Barotropic Pathway in ENSO Teleconnections from the Viewpoint of a Barotropic Rossby Wave Source Both air-sea components are crucial for El Niño forecast from boreal spring Causes and Predictability of the Negative Indian Ocean Dipole and Its Impact on La Niña During 2016 Changes in Frequency of Major Stratospheric Sudden Warmings with El Niño/Southern Oscillation and Quasi-Biennial Oscillation Characterizing the Variations of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Motion - Presentation Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era Consequences of Arctic Amplification: Role of the Stratosphere - A Discussion Co-variability of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and the eastern North Pacific Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities Different ENSO teleconnections and their effects on the stratospheric polar vortex Eastern Pacific tropical cyclones intensified by El Niño delivery of subsurface ocean heat Effect of AMOC collapse on ENSO in a high resolution general circulation model Effect of Madden–Julian Oscillation Occurrence Frequency on the Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Wave Activity in Winter Effects of stratospheric variability on El Niño teleconnections El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation El Niño, La Niña, and stratospheric sudden warmings: A reevaluation in light of the observational record El Niño and La Niña Years and Intensities - Charts from 1950 to date El Niño/Southern Oscillation behaviour since 1871 as diagnosed in an extended multivariate ENSO index (MEI.ext) ENSO Amplitude Modulation Associated with the Mean SST Changes in the Tropical Central Pacific Induced by Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation ENSO‐based probabilistic forecasts of March–May U.S. tornado and hail activity ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnection, and Impacts - Workshop Fast and Slow Components of the Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to CO2 Forcing Genesis of westerly wind bursts over the equatorial western Pacific during the onset of the strong 2015–2016 El Niño Global Warming and ENSO – A “Helter-Skelter” Atmosphere Historical El Nino and La Nina Episodes - from 1950 to date Indian Ocean Dipole Modes Associated with Different Types of ENSO Development Impact of Large-scale Climatic Oscillations on Snowfall-related Climate Parameters in the World's Major Downhill Ski Areas: A Review Impact of Shifting Patterns of Pacific Ocean Warming on North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Impact of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) on deriving anthropogenic warming rates from the instrumental temperature record Impact of the South and North Pacific Meridional Modes on ENSO: Observational Analysis and Comparison Impact of the Stratosphere on the Winter Tropospheric Teleconnections between ENSO and the North Atlantic and European Region Impacts of El Niño and La Niña on the hurricane season Impacts of non‐canonical El Niño patterns on Atlantic hurricane activity Impacts of high-latitude volcanic eruptions on ENSO and AMOC Impact of interactive westerly wind bursts on CCSM3 Importance of Late Fall ENSO Teleconnection in the Euro-Atlantic Sector Influence of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on tornado and hail frequency in the United States Influence of the Indian Ocean Dipole on the Southern Oscillation Influence of the sunspot cycle on the Northern Hemisphere wintertime circulation from long upper-air data sets Interaction Between the Indian Ocean Dipole and ENSO Associated with Ocean Subsurface Variability - Presentation Interannual variability in the gravity wave drag – vertical coupling and possible climate links Interdecadal variability in pan-Pacific and global SST, revisited Interdecadal variability of the ENSO–North Atlantic Oscillation connection in boreal summer Intrabasin Variability of East Pacific Tropical Cyclones During ENSO Regulated by Central American Gap Winds Is There Evidence of Changes in Tropical Atlantic Variability Modes under AMO Phases in the Observational Record? Kelvin Waves - A Learner's Guide Large-Scale Atmospheric Forcing of Vertical Wind Shear in the Tropics - Poster Presentation Leading modes of tropical Pacific subsurface ocean temperature and associations with two types of El Niño Leading Tropical Modes Associated with Interannual and Multidecadal Fluctuations in North Atlantic Hurricane Activity Long term changes in flooding and heavy rainfall associated with North Atlantic tropical cyclones: Roles of the North Atlantic Oscillation and ENSO Look South, ENSO Forecasters Mechanisms Governing Interannual Variability of Stratosphere‐to‐Troposphere Ozone Transport Might dimming the sun change atmospheric ENSO teleconnections as we know them? Modulation of equatorial Pacific westerly/easterly wind events by the Madden–Julian oscillation and convectively‑coupled Rossby waves Modulation of the Global Atmospheric Circulation by Combined Activity in the Madden–Julian Oscillation and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation during Boreal Winter Multivariate ENSO Index - NOAA homepage Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics Nonlinearity of the combined warm ENSO and QBO effects on the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex in MAECHAM5 simulations On the 60-month cycle of multivariate ENSO index On the Potential Causes of the Nonstationary Correlations between West African Precipitation and Atlantic Hurricane Activity On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking Predictability of SST-Modulated Westerly Wind Bursts Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability Quantifying the Dependence of Westerly Wind Bursts on the Large-Scale Tropical Pacific SST Recent progress in the impact of the Tibetan Plateau on climate in China Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation Relationships Between El Nino-Southern Oscillation and the Arctic Oscillation: A Climate-Weather Link Relationship between Tropical Pacific SST and global atmospheric angular momentum in coupled models Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations Revisiting the ENSO–SSW Relationship Revisiting the Pacific Meridional Mode Seasonal predictability of winter ENSO types in operational dynamical model predictions Seasonal and Regional Variations of Long-Term Changes in Upper-Tropospheric Jets from Reanalyses Sea surface temperature in the north tropical Atlantic as a trigger for El Niño/Southern Oscillation events Separating the stratospheric and tropospheric pathways of El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnections Stratospheric Control of the Madden–Julian Oscillation Strong influence of westerly wind bursts on El Niño diversity Studies of atmospheric angular momentum Subseasonal Forecasts of Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves and the MJO: Activity and Predictive Skill Sunspots and ENSO relationship using Markov method Teleconnection Paths via Climate Network Direct Link Detection The 2018 hurricane season could be as busy as the 2017 season The AMO as a Driver of Multi-decadal ENSO Variability The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño The Distinct Contributions of the Seasonal Footprinting and Charged‐Discharged Mechanisms to ENSO Complexity The Dynamics of ENSO–Atlantic Hurricane Teleconnection: ENSO-Related Changes to N African–Asian Jet Affect Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclogenesis The Early 1990s Change in ENSO–PSA–SAM Relationships and Its Impact on Southern Hemisphere Climate The impact of the AMO on multidecadal ENSO variability The impact of westerly wind bursts and ocean initial state on the development, and diversity of El Niño events The Influence of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Caribbean Tropical Cyclone Activity The interaction between the Western Indian Ocean and ENSO in CESM The interannual variability of hurricane activity in the Atlantic and East Pacific Regions The key role of background sea surface temperature over the cold tongue in asymmetric responses of the Arctic stratosphere to El Niño–Southern Oscillation The Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to ENSO: How Well Do We Know It and How Do We Evaluate Models Accordingly? The Recent Westerly Wind Burst in the Western Equatorial Pacific Could Help to Strengthen the 2015/16 El Niño The role of South Pacific atmospheric variability in the development of different types of ENSO The South Pacific Meridional Mode: A Mechanism for ENSO-like Variability The South Pacific Meridional Mode as a Thermally Driven Source of ENSO Amplitude Modulation and Uncertainty Timing of subsurface heat magnitude for the growth of El Niño events Triggering of El Niño onset through trade wind–induced charging of the equatorial Pacific Tropospheric Rossby Wave Breaking and the SAM Understanding the Impacts of the Indian Ocean on ENSO Variability in a Coupled GCM Understanding the IOD - YouTube Presentation Varying stratospheric responses to tropical Atlantic SST forcing from early to late winter Westerly Wind Bursts and Their Relationship with Intraseasonal Variations and ENSO. Part I: Statistics Westerly Wind Bursts: ENSO’s Tail Rather than the Dog? Westerly Wind Events in the Tropical Pacific and their Influence on the Coupled Ocean‐Atmosphere System: A Review What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts? (A YouTube Presentation) Where is ENSO stress balanced? Why do Earth's equatorial waves head east? Equatorial Torques: Mountain Torque Events at the Tibetan Plateau Equatorial Waves: see under Kelvin waves Eulerian Mean, Transformed (TEM): Planetary‐scale wave activity as a source of varying tropospheric response to stratospheric sudden warming events: A case study The Angular Momentum Budget of the Transformed Eulerian Mean Equations European Climate: A robust empirical seasonal prediction of winter NAO and surface climate How Predictable Are the Arctic and North Atlantic Oscillations? Exploring the Variability and Predictability of the Northern Hemisphere Near-term Climate Predictions of the North Atlantic Region - YouTube Presentation Skillful long‐range prediction of European and North American winters Extratropical Cyclogenis: Southern Hemisphere summertime Rossby waves and weather in the Australian region Extratropical Forcing: Extratropical Forcing of Tropical Pacific Convection during Northern Winter Frictional Torque (FT): A gentle stroll through EP (Eliassen & Palm) flux theory Annual atmospheric torques: Processes and regional contributions Atmospheric torques and Earth’s rotation: what drove the millisecond-level length-of-day response to the 2015–2016 El Niño? Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques Isentropic Pressure and Mountain Torques Mountains, the Global Frictional Torque, and the Circulation over the Pacific–North American Region Regional Sources of Mountain Torque Variability and High-Frequency Fluctuations in Atmospheric Angular Momentum Relation between variations in the intensity of the zonal circulation of the atmosphere and the displacements of the semi-permanent centers of action Stochastic and oscillatory forcing of global atmospheric angular momentum Studies of atmospheric angular momentum The Angular Momentum Budget of the Transformed Eulerian Mean Equations The atmospheric angular momentum cycle during the tropical Madden-Julian Oscillation The layer of frictional influence in wind and ocean currents [1935] The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations The tropical Madden-Julian oscillation and the global wind oscillation Torques and the Related Meridional and Vertical Fluxes of Axial Angular Momentum Uncertainty analysis of atmospheric friction torque on the solid Earth What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts? (A YouTube Presentation) General Circulation (of the Atmosphere - see also under Atmospheric circulation): Analysis of the variability of the North Atlantic eddy-driven jet stream in CMIP5 An Essay on the General Circulation of the Earth's Atmosphere (1947) Angular momentum in the global atmospheric circulation A Theory for Polar Amplification from a General Circulation Perspective Dependence of MJO Phase Speed on Background Flow - Presentation Investigating Possible Arctic–Midlatitude Teleconnections in a Linear Framework Modulation of the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Flow and Extreme Events By the Madden-Julian Oscillation - Presentation North Atlantic winter eddy-driven jet & atmospheric blocking variability in the Community Earth System Model version 1 Large Ensemble simulations The Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to ENSO: How Well Do We Know It and How Do We Evaluate Models Accordingly? Global Arctic Programme (GAP): Arctic Climate Change Global Atmospheric Angular Momentum (GLAAM - see under Atmospheric Angular Momentum - AAM): Global Dimming: Might dimming the sun change atmospheric ENSO teleconnections as we know them? Global Circulation Model (GCM): Global and European climate impacts of a slowdown of the AMOC in a high resolution GCM Global Mountain Torque (GLMT): Global Synoptic Dynamic Model (GSDM): A Synoptic–Dynamic Model of Subseasonal Atmospheric Variability The tropical Madden-Julian oscillation and the global wind oscillation What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts? (A YouTube Presentation) Global Temperatures: Do trend extraction approaches affect causality detection in climate change studies? The Antarctic Centennial Oscillation: A Natural Paleoclimate Cycle in the Southern Hemisphere That Influences Global Temperatures Global Warming: A real-time Global Warming Index A Sensitivity Study of the Thermodynamic Environment on GFDL Model Hurricane Intensity: Implications for Global Warming Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records Atmospheric Dynamics Feedback: Concept, Simulations, and Climate Implications Causes of Antarctic Change - A Discussion Causes of Arctic Sea Ice Loss - A Discussion Consistency and discrepancy in the atmospheric response to Arctic sea-ice loss across climate models Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review Effect of remote sea surface temperature change on tropical cyclone potential intensity Global Warming and ENSO – A “Helter-Skelter” Atmosphere Global Warming and Hurricanes How Global Warming and Arctic Ice melt Intensify Hurricanes - YouTube Presentation Nonlinear response of mid-latitude weather to the changing Arctic Projected SSTs over the 21st century: Changes in the mean, variability and extremes for large marine ecosystem regions of Northern Oceans Reconstruction of autumn sea ice extent changes since AD1289 in the Barents-Kara Sea, Arctic Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming The remote effect of the Tibetan Plateau on downstream flow in early summer The Response of the Southern Ocean and Antarctic Sea Ice to Freshwater from Ice Shelves in an Earth System Model Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification Warm Arctic episodes linked with increased frequency of extreme winter weather in the United States Global Wind Oscillation (GWO): The tropical Madden-Julian oscillation and the global wind oscillation Tornado Frequency in the United States Related to Global Relative Angular Momentum U.S. Hail Frequency and the Global Wind Oscillation What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts? (A YouTube Presentation) Grand Maxima and Grand Minima (see Sunspots and also Solar Oscillation): Gravity: Ocean Currents and Climate - An Information Guide Gravity Waves (and Gravity Wave drag): A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings Circumglobal Propagation of Successive MJO Events in MERRA-2 - Presentation Convective Adjustment, Gravity Waves and Diurnal Regulation of Tropical Cyclogenesis - Presentation Coupling of Stratospheric Warmings with Mesospheric Coolings in Observations and Simulations Dynamical control of the mesosphere by gravity wave drag Effects of Parameterized Orographic Drag on Weather Forecasting and Simulated Climatology Over East Asia During Boreal Summer Gravity wave drag Gravity Wave Effects on Polar Vortex Geometry During Split-Type Sudden Stratospheric Warmings Gravity wave refraction by three-dimensionally varying winds and the global transport of angular momentum Improving weather forecasts via impacts of turbulent orographic form and small-scale orographic gravity wave drag on boundary layers Interannual variability in the gravity wave drag – vertical coupling and possible climate links Kelvin Waves - A Learner's Guide Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds On the importance of gravity waves in the middle atmosphere and their parameterization in general circulation models Parameterized Gravity Wave Momentum Fluxes from Sources Related to Convection & Large-Scale Precipitation Processes in Global Atmosphere Model Propagation of planetary‐scale disturbances from the lower into the upper atmosphere Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings Studies of atmospheric angular momentum The Challenge of Classifying Propagating Synoptic Disturbances in the African Tropics – Examples from the DACCIWA Field Campaign - Presentation The physics of orographic gravity wave drag The roles of planetary and gravity waves during a major stratospheric sudden warming as characterized in WACCM The whole atmosphere response to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field from 1900 to 2000 Toward a Physically Based Gravity Wave Source Parameterization in a General Circulation Model Variability of African Easterly Wave Structures- Presentation Vortex Preconditioning due to Planetary and Gravity Waves prior to Sudden Stratospheric Warmings Why do Earth's equatorial waves head east? Greenhouse Gases: A real-time Global Warming Index Greenland Ice Sheet/Climate: Atmospheric summer teleconnections and Greenland Ice Sheet surface mass variations: insights from MERRA-2 Gulf of Mexico: Changes in the Spatial Patterns of Precipitation Bands in Tropical Cyclones During Landfall along the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Coasts of the U.S. - Poster Presentation Gulf Stream (see also Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation - AMOC): Effect of AMOC collapse on ENSO in a high resolution general circulation model Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics Gulf Stream Excursions and Sectional Detachments Generate the Decadal Pulses in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation Observations, inferences, and mechanisms of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A review Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability Recent subsurface North Atlantic cooling trend in context of Atlantic decadal-to-multidecadal variability Hail Storms: An empirical model relating U.S. monthly hail occurrence to large‐scale meteorological environment An Objective High-Resolution Hail Climatology of the Contiguous United States ENSO‐based probabilistic forecasts of March–May U.S. tornado and hail activity Identifying, Observing, and Forecasting Thunderstorms Producing Deep Surface Hail Accumulations Influence of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on tornado and hail frequency in the United States Intraseasonal Variability of Hail in the Contiguous United States: Relationship to the Madden–Julian Oscillation Properties of hail storms over China and the United States from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission The changing hail threat over North America in response to anthropogenic climate change The Characteristics of United States Hail Reports: 1955-2014 The frequency of large hail over the contiguous United States The Relationship between the Madden–Julian Oscillation and U.S. Violent Tornado Outbreaks in the Spring Toward a Global Climatology of Severe Hailstorms as Estimated by Satellite Passive Microwave Imagers U.S. Hail Frequency and the Global Wind Oscillation Heat Waves: Impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability on North American Summer Climate and Heat Waves Probability of US heat waves affected by a sub-seasonal planetary wave pattern History (of a teleconnection + very early papers): 34 Years of Atlantic Basin Seasonal Hurricane Forecasts - Presentation An Essay on the General Circulation of the Earth's Atmosphere (1947) Antarctica Since The IGY (International Geophysical Year) Dynamic coupling of the stratosphere with the troposphere and sudden stratospheric warmings On The Transfer Of Energy In Stationery Mountain Waves (1960) Relation between variations in the intensity of the zonal circulation of the atmosphere and the displacements of the semi-permanent centers of action The layer of frictional influence in wind and ocean currents [1935] Tropical Cyclones Of The North Atlantic Ocean, 1851 – 2006 Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean Tracks and Frequencies of Hurricanes and Tropical Storms, 1871-1963 Hurricanes: 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Forecasts From a High-Resolution Version of the GFDL fvGFS Model: Evaluation of Track, Intensity, and Structure 34 Years of Atlantic Basin Seasonal Hurricane Forecasts - Presentation About the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) Absolute and Convective Instability of the African Easterly Jet A Climatological Relationship between MJO/ENSO Phases & Tropical Cyclone Interactions with Saharan Dust Storms across the Tropical Atlantic Basin African Easterly Waves - An Educational Guide African Easterly Wave Climatology Document - Dataset Information +++ African Easterly Wave Variability and Its Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity A Hypothesis for the Intensification of Tropical Cyclones under Moderate Vertical Wind Shear - Presentation Analysis of African Easterly Wave Structures and Their Role in Influencing Tropical Cyclogenesis Analysis of Strengthening and Dissipating Mesoscale Convective Systems Propagating off the West African Coast Analyzing the influences of two types of El Niño on tropical cyclone genesis with a modified genesis potential index An Investigation of the Formation of Hurricane Patricia (2015) - Presentation Are Multiple Tropical Cyclone Events Similar among Basins? A satellite analysis of mid-tropopsheric humidity and its impact on tropical cyclone genesis and intensification - Presentation A Sensitivity Study of the Thermodynamic Environment on GFDL Model Hurricane Intensity: Implications for Global Warming A Synoptic Model for African Easterly Waves - Presentation Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) - NOAA Data Case study analysis of easterly wave formation in the East Pacific - Poster Presentation Case Study of an Intense African Easterly Wave Changes in the Spatial Patterns of Precipitation Bands in Tropical Cyclones During Landfall along the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Coasts of the U.S. - Poster Presentation Characteristics of African easterly waves associated with tropical cyclogenesis in the Cape Verde Islands region in July–September 2004–2008 Characteristics of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification in Environments of Upper-Tropospheric Troughs - Presentation Characterization of convective systems and their association with African easterly waves Characterizing the Variations of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Motion - Presentation Climate Factors Causing the Extremely Active 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season - Presentation Climate impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation simulated in the CMIP5 models: A re‐evaluation based on a revised index Convective Adjustment, Gravity Waves and Diurnal Regulation of Tropical Cyclogenesis - Presentation Convective Cold Pool Responses to Changes in Sea-Surface Temperature - Presentation Convective Evolution during Tropical Cyclone Formation – Revisiting Zehr (1992) - Presentation Co-variability of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and the eastern North Pacific Dependence of MJO Phase Speed on Background Flow - Presentation Diabatic Rossby Waves as a Model for Convectively Coupled African Easterly Waves - Presentation Direct and indirect impacts of Saharan dust acting as cloud condensation nuclei on tropical cyclone eyewall development Distinguishing Developing Versus Non-Developing African Easterly Waves Using Adaptive Observational Strategies Does Cooler Air Near the Top of the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) Play a Role in Hurricane Intensity Change during Hurricane-SAL Interactions? - Presentation Do West African thunderstorms predict the intensity of Atlantic hurricanes? Dominant Role of Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation in the Recent Decadal Changes in Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity Dry Air, Midlevel Flow, and the Persistence of Deep Convection in Atlantic Tropical Disturbances - Presentation Eastern Pacific tropical cyclones intensified by El Niño delivery of subsurface ocean heat Effect of Sea-Surface Temperature and Ambient Moisture on the Formation and Predictability of Tropical Cyclones Under Vertical Wind Shear: An Ensemble Predictability Perspective - Presentation Effect of remote sea surface temperature change on tropical cyclone potential intensity Effects of Saharan Dust on the Linear Dynamics of African Easterly Waves Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics Energy Transformation & Diabatic Processes in Developing & Nondeveloping African Easterly Waves Observed during the NAMMA Project of 2006 ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnection, and Impacts - Workshop Evolution of Environmental Characteristics in Rapidly and Slowly Intensifying Tropical Cyclones in North Atlantic & Eastern North Pacific - Presentation Evolution of Precipitation in Easterly Wave Critical Layers during Tropical Cylogenesis as Observed in TRMM Data - Presentation Examining Tropical Cyclone–Kelvin Wave Interactions Using Adjoint Diagnostics Genesis of Tropical Storm Debby (2006) within an African Easterly Wave: Roles of the Bottom-Up and Midlevel Pouch Processes Global Warming and Hurricanes Have Increases in CO2 Contributed to the Recent Large Upswing in Atlantic Basin Major Hurricanes Since 1995? How are Hurricanes Different from Tornadoes How Does the Diurnal Radiative Heating Cycle Impact the Genesis and Intensification of Tropical Cyclones? - Presentation How Do Hurricanes Spawn Tornadoes? How Global Warming and Arctic Ice melt Intensify Hurricanes - YouTube Presentation How Unusual was the 2005 Hurricane Season in the Atlantic? A Multi-Model Analysis - Presentation Hurricane Matthew: An Ideal Setup for Catastrophic Flooding in Central North Carolina Hurricane Structure Impact of Saharan Dust Aerosols on Convections over the Tropical East Atlantic Ocean - Presentation Impact of Shifting Patterns of Pacific Ocean Warming on North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Impact of the Boreal Summer Quasi-biweekly Oscillation on Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity - Presentation Impacts of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on Environmental Conditions for Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis Impacts of Diurnal Radiation Cycle on Secondary Eyewall Formation Impacts of El Niño and La Niña on the hurricane season Impacts of non‐canonical El Niño patterns on Atlantic hurricane activity Increasing Magnitude of Hurricane Rapid Intensification in the Central and Eastern Tropical Atlantic Instabilities of Radiative Convective Equilibrium with an Interactive Surface - Presentation Interactions of Diabatic Heating in Convective Superbursts with Energy Conversion Processes in the Genesis of Cape Verde Hurricanes from AEWs Interaction of Kelvin and Easterly Waves Over the Atlantic and Implications for Tropical Cyclogenesis - Presentation Internal processes within the African Easterly Wave system Intrabasin Variability of East Pacific Tropical Cyclones During ENSO Regulated by Central American Gap Winds Intraseasonal Tropical Cyclogenesis Prediction in a Global Coupled Model System Investigating The Origin of African Easterly Waves - Presentation Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis: A Global Survey Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework - Presentation Large-Scale Atmospheric Forcing of Vertical Wind Shear in the Tropics - Poster Presentation Leading Tropical Modes Associated with Interannual and Multidecadal Fluctuations in North Atlantic Hurricane Activity Linking African Easterly Wave Activity with Equatorial Waves and the Influence of Rossby Waves from the Southern Hemisphere Long term changes in flooding and heavy rainfall associated with North Atlantic tropical cyclones: Roles of the North Atlantic Oscillation and ENSO Low-Level African Easterly Wave Activity and Its Relation to Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis in 2001 Mechanisms of African Easterly Wave Genesis - Presentation Migration of the Lifetime Maximum Intensity of Tropical Cyclones: Relation to Maximum Wind Speeds - Presentation Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics NOAA's Recent Improvements in Storm Surge Forecasts and Warnings - Presentation On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation On the Influence of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on African Easterly waves - Presentation On Maximum Potential Intensification Rate (MPIR) of a Tropical Cyclone: An Observational Perspective - Presentation On the Non-development of a Strong African Easterly Wave: Investigating Ensemble Forecasts and In-situ Observations - Presentation On the Potential Causes of the Nonstationary Correlations between West African Precipitation and Atlantic Hurricane Activity Patterns of North Atlantic Decadal Variability and Hurricane Intensity Change - Presentation Predictive Skill and Predictability of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis in Different Synoptic Flow Regimes - Presentation Projected changes in African easterly wave intensity and track in response to greenhouse forcing Relationship between Tropical Cyclone Genesis in Main Development Region & Seasonal Tropical Cyclone Activity in Atlantic Basin - Poster Presentation Revisiting the 26.5°C Sea Surface Temperature Threshold for Tropical Cyclone Development Revisiting the connection between African Easterly Waves and Atlantic tropical cyclogenesis Saharan Dust and the Nonlinear Evolution of the African Easterly Jet–African Easterly Wave System - Presentation Sea Spray Transport Intensifying Tropical Cyclones - Presentation Simulations of the West African Monsoon with a Superparameterized Climate Model. Part II: African Easterly Waves Subcritical Destabilization of African Easterly Waves by Saharan Mineral Dust The 2018 hurricane season could be as busy as the 2017 season The Atlantic Meridional Mode and hurricane activity The Challenge of Classifying Propagating Synoptic Disturbances in the African Tropics – Examples from the DACCIWA Field Campaign - Presentation The Climatological Effect of Saharan Dust on Global Tropical Cyclones in a Fully Coupled GCM - Paper and Presentation The Dynamics of ENSO–Atlantic Hurricane Teleconnection: ENSO-Related Changes to N African–Asian Jet Affect Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclogenesis The Effects of Initial Vortex Size on Tropical Cyclogenesis and Intensification - Presentation The Extreme Intensification and Predictability of 2015's Hurricane Patricia - Presentation The Genesis of African Easterly Waves by Upstream Development The impact of Saharan dust on the intensity of Hurricane Nadine (2012) during HS3 - Presentation The impacts of Saharan dust on cloud microphysical & radiative processes in Hurricane Nadine (2012) during HS3 - Presentation The Importance of Critical Layer in Differentiating Developing from Nondeveloping Easterly Waves The Influence of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Caribbean Tropical Cyclone Activity The Influence of the MJO on Upstream Precursors to African Easterly Waves The Influence of the Upper-Level Environmental Flow on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity Predictability - Presentation The Inner-Core Temperature Structure of Hurricane Edouard (2014): Observations and Ensemble Variability The Interaction between Deep Convection and Easterly Wave Activity over Africa: Convective Transitions and Mechanisms The interannual variability of hurricane activity in the Atlantic and East Pacific RegionsThe Intraseasonal Variability of African Easterly Wave Energetics The Madden-Julian Oscillation's Influence on Continental U.S. Hurricane Landfalls - Presentation The Myth That Tropical Cyclones Cannot Form Near the Equator - Presentation The relation between dry vortex merger and tropical cyclone genesis over the Atlantic Ocean The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Paper The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Presentation The role of Atlantic overturning circulation in the recent decline of Atlantic major hurricane frequency The Seasonality of Tropical Cyclone Maximum Intensity in the North Atlantic and Western Pacific Regions - Poster Presentation The Virtual Effect of Water Vapor Helps Shape Basic Features of Convective Self-Aggregation - Presentation Three-Dimensional Structure of African Easterly Waves based on Empirical Orthogonal Functions - Presentation Trains of African Easterly Waves and Their Relationship to Tropical Cyclone Genesis in the Eastern Atlantic Tropical cyclogenesis in a tropical wave critical layer: easterly waves Tropical Cyclone Intensity Change under the Influence of Upper-level Troughs in Idealized Simulations - Presentation Tropical Cyclones Of The North Atlantic Ocean, 1851 – 2006 Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean Tracks and Frequencies of Hurricanes and Tropical Storms, 1871-1963 Tropical Storm Development from African Easterly Waves in the Eastern Atlantic: A Comparison of Two Successive Waves Using a Regional Model as Part of NASA AMMA 2006 Understanding African easterly waves: a moist singular vector approach Upper-Level Troughs, Jet Streaks, and TCs: An Objective Climatology and Features Associated with Rapid TC Intensity Change - Presentation Upper-Tropospheric Static Stability in Tropical Cyclones: Observations and Modeling Variability of African Easterly Wave Structures- Presentation Variability of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Weakening on a Global Scale - Presentation West African Storm Tracks and Their Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclones What is an African Easterly Wave ? Hydrology, Hydrological Change, Hydrologicial Cycle: Analyzing the combined influence of solar activity and El Niño on streamflow across southern Canada Ice Core: Reconstruction of autumn sea ice extent changes since AD1289 in the Barents-Kara Sea, Arctic Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD): Causes and Predictability of the Negative Indian Ocean Dipole and Its Impact on La Niña During 2016 El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation Indian Ocean Dipole, Meaning, Definition and Explanation - YouTube Presentation Indian Ocean Dipole Modes Associated with Different Types of ENSO Development Influence of the Indian Ocean Dipole on the Southern Oscillation Interaction Between the Indian Ocean Dipole and ENSO Associated with Ocean Subsurface Variability - Presentation The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño The interaction between the Western Indian Ocean and ENSO in CESM Understanding the Impacts of the Indian Ocean on ENSO Variability in a Coupled GCM Understanding the IOD - YouTube Presentation Interannual Variability: Increased Variability in the Early Winter Subarctic North American Atmospheric Circulation Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) - see also Pacific Multi-decadal Oscillation (PMO): Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnection, and Impacts - Workshop Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ): Atmospheric Dynamics Feedback: Concept, Simulations, and Climate Implications Energetic Constraints on the Width of the Intertropical Convergence Zone Observations of Coupling between Surface Wind Stress and Sea Surface Temperature in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ionosphere: Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings Jet Streaks: Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds Upper-Level Troughs, Jet Streaks, and TCs: An Objective Climatology and Features Associated with Rapid TC Intensity Change - Presentation Jet Stream (JET): Analysis of the variability of the North Atlantic eddy-driven jet stream in CMIP5 Baroclinic-to-Barotropic Pathway in ENSO Teleconnections from the Viewpoint of a Barotropic Rossby Wave Source Changes in meandering of the Northern Hemisphere circulation Characterization of convective systems and their association with African easterly waves Dependence of MJO Phase Speed on Background Flow - Presentation Distinct impacts of the Mongolian and Tibetan Plateaus on the evolution of the East Asian monsoon Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability Effects of the Tibetan Plateau. A chapter in the book "The Asian Monsoon" Evidence for a wavier jet stream in response to rapid Arctic warming Fast and Slow Components of the Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to CO2 Forcing How Global Warming and Arctic Ice melt Intensify Hurricanes - YouTube Presentation Impact of Mongolian Plateau versus Tibetan Plateau on the westerly jet over North Pacific Ocean Improving weather forecasts via impacts of turbulent orographic form and small-scale orographic gravity wave drag on boundary layers Modulation of the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Flow and Extreme Events By the Madden-Julian Oscillation - Presentation Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation North Atlantic winter eddy-driven jet & atmospheric blocking variability in the Community Earth System Model version 1 Large Ensemble simulations On the Influence of the Earth's Orography on the General Character of the Westerlies Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau Response of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks to projected future warming Rossby wavepacket propagation in a zonally-varying basic flow Seasonal and Regional Variations of Long-Term Changes in Upper-Tropospheric Jets from Reanalyses Southern Hemisphere summertime Rossby waves and weather in the Australian region The Circulation of the High Troposphere over China in the Winter of 1945–46 The Influence of the MJO on Upstream Precursors to African Easterly Waves The Influence of the Upper-Level Environmental Flow on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity Predictability - Presentation The Intraseasonal Variability of African Easterly Wave Energetics The Karakoram/Western Tibetan vortex: seasonal and year-to-year variability The MJO‐SSW Teleconnection: Interaction Between MJO‐Forced Waves and the Midlatitude Jet The Role of Zonal Asymmetry in the Enhancement and Suppression of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Variability by the Madden–Julian Oscillation Variability of the African Easterly Jet and Its Influence on Easterly Waves - Poster Presentation What Does "Invest" Mean With Tropical Weather? Kelvin Waves: A Review of ENSO Theories Circumglobal Propagation of Successive MJO Events in MERRA-2 - Presentation Climate science in the tropics: waves, vortices and PDEs Examining Tropical Cyclone–Kelvin Wave Interactions Using Adjoint Diagnostics Impacts of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on Environmental Conditions for Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis Impact of interactive westerly wind bursts on CCSM3 Interaction of Kelvin and Easterly Waves Over the Atlantic and Implications for Tropical Cyclogenesis - Presentation Kelvin Waves - A Learner's Guide Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis: A Global Survey Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework - Presentation Multiscale Structure of the Slow Kelvin Waves That Make up the MJO - Presentation On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation On the Influence of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on African Easterly waves - Presentation Why do Earth's equatorial waves head east? La Nina: A Theory for Polar Amplification from a General Circulation Perspective Are there two types of La Nina? Both air-sea components are crucial for El Niño forecast from boreal spring Causes and Predictability of the Negative Indian Ocean Dipole and Its Impact on La Niña During 2016 Changes in Frequency of Major Stratospheric Sudden Warmings with El Niño/Southern Oscillation and Quasi-Biennial Oscillation Eastern Pacific tropical cyclones intensified by El Niño delivery of subsurface ocean heat El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation El Niño, La Niña, and stratospheric sudden warmings: A reevaluation in light of the observational record El Niño and La Niña Years and Intensities - Charts from 1950 to date El Niño/Southern Oscillation behaviour since 1871 as diagnosed in an extended multivariate ENSO index (MEI.ext) ENSO Amplitude Modulation Associated with the Mean SST Changes in the Tropical Central Pacific Induced by Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation ENSO‐based probabilistic forecasts of March–May U.S. tornado and hail activity ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnection, and Impacts - Workshop Global Warming and ENSO – A “Helter-Skelter” Atmosphere Historical El Nino and La Nina Episodes - from 1950 to date Influence of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on tornado and hail frequency in the United States Intrabasin Variability of East Pacific Tropical Cyclones During ENSO Regulated by Central American Gap Winds Is There Evidence of Changes in Tropical Atlantic Variability Modes under AMO Phases in the Observational Record? Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics Multivariate ENSO Index - NOAA homepage On the 60-month cycle of multivariate ENSO index On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations Revisiting the ENSO–SSW Relationship Sea surface temperature in the north tropical Atlantic as a trigger for El Niño/Southern Oscillation events Seasonal predictability of winter ENSO types in operational dynamical model predictions Separating the stratospheric and tropospheric pathways of El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnections The 2018 hurricane season could be as busy as the 2017 season The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño The Distinct Contributions of the Seasonal Footprinting and Charged‐Discharged Mechanisms to ENSO Complexity The Influence of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Caribbean Tropical Cyclone Activity The Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to ENSO: How Well Do We Know It and How Do We Evaluate Models Accordingly? Timing of subsurface heat magnitude for the growth of El Niño events Last Millennium Reanalysis (LMR): Insights into Atlantic multidecadal variability using the Last Millennium Reanalysis framework Learner's Guides: See under educational papers Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO): A Climatological Relationship between MJO/ENSO Phases & Tropical Cyclone Interactions with Saharan Dust Storms across the Tropical Atlantic Basin A Climatology of Central American Gyres African Easterly Waves - An Educational Guide A Madden‐Julian Oscillation event remotely accelerates ocean upwelling to abruptly terminate the 1997/1998 super El Niño An All-Season Real-Time Multivariate MJO Index: Development of an Index for Monitoring and Prediction Are Multiple Tropical Cyclone Events Similar among Basins? A Review of ENSO Theories Assessing the Relationship between MJO and Equatorial Pacific WWBs in Observations and CMIP5 Models A Synoptic–Dynamic Model of Subseasonal Atmospheric Variability A Theory for Polar Amplification from a General Circulation Perspective Atmospheric and surface variations during westerly wind bursts in the tropical western Pacific Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques Circulation Anomalies Associated with Tropical Convection during Northern Winter Circulation Response to Fast and Slow MJO Episodes Circumglobal Propagation of Successive MJO Events in MERRA-2 - Presentation Climate science in the tropics: waves, vortices and PDEs Dependence of MJO Phase Speed on Background Flow - Presentation Effect of Madden–Julian Oscillation Occurrence Frequency on the Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Wave Activity in Winter Examining Tropical Cyclone–Kelvin Wave Interactions Using Adjoint Diagnostics Impact of Large-scale Climatic Oscillations on Snowfall-related Climate Parameters in the World's Major Downhill Ski Areas: A Review Impact of the Boreal Summer Quasi-biweekly Oscillation on Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity - Presentation Intraseasonal Tropical Cyclogenesis Prediction in a Global Coupled Model System Intraseasonal Variability of Hail in the Contiguous United States: Relationship to the Madden–Julian Oscillation Kelvin Waves - A Learner's Guide Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis: A Global Survey Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework - Presentation Latitude–Height Structure of the Atmospheric Angular Momentum Cycle Associated with the Madden–Julian Oscillation Learning All About the MJO (An Educational Paper) MJO Phase Speed and Blocking - Presentation MJO‐Related Tropical Convection Anomalies Lead to More Accurate Stratospheric Vortex Variability in Sub-seasonal Forecast Models Modulation of equatorial Pacific westerly/easterly wind events by the Madden–Julian oscillation and convectively‑coupled Rossby waves Modulation of the Global Atmospheric Circulation by Combined Activity in the Madden–Julian Oscillation and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation during Boreal Winter Modulation of the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Flow and Extreme Events By the Madden-Julian Oscillation - Presentation More Frequent Sudden Stratospheric Warming Events due to Enhanced MJO Forcing Expected in a Warmer Climate Mountain torques and atmospheric oscillations Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability. Part I: Hemispheric Aspects Multiscale Structure of the Slow Kelvin Waves That Make up the MJO - Presentation Northern Hemisphere mid‐winter vortex‐displacement and vortex‐split stratospheric sudden warmings: Influence of the Madden‐Julian Oscillation and Quasi‐Biennial Oscillation Observed Changes in the Lifetime and Amplitude of the MJO Associated with Interannual ENSO Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies Observed connection between stratospheric sudden warmings and the Madden-Julian Oscillation Ocean Rossby waves as a triggering mechanism for primary Madden-Julian events Planetary Scale Intraseasonal Disturbances - Presentation Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation Relationship Between Phase of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) and MJO Propagation Through the Maritime Continent - Presentation Stochastic and oscillatory forcing of global atmospheric angular momentum Stratospheric Control of the Madden–Julian Oscillation Studies of atmospheric angular momentum Subseasonal Forecasts of Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves and the MJO: Activity and Predictive Skill The atmospheric angular momentum cycle during the tropical Madden-Julian Oscillation The Challenge of Classifying Propagating Synoptic Disturbances in the African Tropics – Examples from the DACCIWA Field Campaign - Presentation The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations The Influence of the MJO on Upstream Precursors to African Easterly Waves The intraseasonal atmospheric angular momentum associated with MJO convective initiations The Intraseasonal Variability of African Easterly Wave Energetics The Madden-Julian Oscillation and Mean Global Easterly Winds - Presentation The Madden-Julian Oscillation's Influence on Continental U.S. Hurricane Landfalls - Presentation The MJO‐SSW Teleconnection: Interaction Between MJO‐Forced Waves and the Midlatitude Jet The Relationship between the Madden–Julian Oscillation and U.S. Violent Tornado Outbreaks in the Spring The Role of Zonal Asymmetry in the Enhancement and Suppression of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Variability by the Madden–Julian Oscillation The tropical Madden-Julian oscillation and the global wind oscillation Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection Variability of central United States April–May tornado day likelihood by phase of the Madden‐Julian Oscillation What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts? (A YouTube Presentation) What is the MJO, and why do we care? Why do Earth's equatorial waves head east? Magnetic Field (Earth's): Sunspots and the Solar Max - What Exactly is a Sunspot? The Influence of Solar System Oscillation on the Variability of the Total Solar Irradiance The whole atmosphere response to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field from 1900 to 2000 Major Midwinter Warming (see under Sudden Stratospheric Warmings): Meridional Circulation Index (MCI): Mesosphere: A climatology of polar winter stratopause warmings and associated planetary wave breaking A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings Coupling of Stratospheric Warmings with Mesospheric Coolings in Observations and Simulations Dynamical control of the mesosphere by gravity wave drag Parameterized Gravity Wave Momentum Fluxes from Sources Related to Convection & Large-Scale Precipitation Processes in Global Atmosphere Model Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings Simulations of the Boreal Winter Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere With Meteorological Specifications in SD‐WACCM‐X The whole atmosphere response to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field from 1900 to 2000 Mid-Tropospheric Humidty (re: Hurricane formation and development): A satellite analysis of mid-tropopsheric humidity and its impact on tropical cyclone genesis and intensification - Presentation Internal processes within the African Easterly Wave system Mongolian Mountains (and Plateau): Distinct impacts of the Mongolian and Tibetan Plateaus on the evolution of the East Asian monsoon Impact of Mongolian Plateau versus Tibetan Plateau on the westerly jet over North Pacific Ocean Impacts of the uplift of four mountain ranges on the arid climate and dust cycle of inland Asia Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation Orography and the Boreal Winter Stratosphere: the Importance of the Mongolian mountains Monsoon (see Asian Monsoon): Mountain Torque (MT): A Dynamical Model of the Stratospheric Sudden Warming A gentle stroll through EP (Eliassen & Palm) flux theory Annual atmospheric torques: Processes and regional contributions Atmospheric forcing mechanisms of polar motion Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques Dynamical control of the mesosphere by gravity wave drag Dynamic coupling of the stratosphere with the troposphere and sudden stratospheric warmings Effect of Yunnan–Guizhou Topography at the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau on the Indian Monsoon Hindcasting the January 2009 Arctic Sudden Stratospheric Warming and Its Influence on the Arctic Oscillation with Unified Parameterization of Orographic Drag in NOGAPS. Part I: Extended-Range Stand-Alone Forecast Impacts of the uplift of four mountain ranges on the arid climate and dust cycle of inland Asia Improving weather forecasts via impacts of turbulent orographic form and small-scale orographic gravity wave drag on boundary layers Isentropic Pressure and Mountain Torques Mountains, the Global Frictional Torque, and the Circulation over the Pacific–North American Region Mountain torques and atmospheric oscillations Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability. Part I: Hemispheric Aspects Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability.Part II: Regional Aspects Mountain Torque Events at the Tibetan Plateau Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds On the Influence of the Earth's Orography on the General Character of the Westerlies On the Three-Dimensional Propagation of Stationary Waves On The Transfer Of Energy In Stationery Mountain Waves Orography and the Boreal Winter Stratosphere: the Importance of the Mongolian mountains Regional Sources of Mountain Torque Variability and High-Frequency Fluctuations in Atmospheric Angular Momentum Relation between variations in the intensity of the zonal circulation of the atmosphere and the displacements of the semi-permanent centers of action Stochastic and oscillatory forcing of global atmospheric angular momentum Studies of atmospheric angular momentum The atmospheric angular momentum cycle during the tropical Madden-Julian Oscillation The Circulation of the High Troposphere over China in the Winter of 1945–46 The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations The Effects of Mountains on the General Circulation of the Atmosphere as Identified by Numerical Experiments The physics of orographic gravity wave drag The Role of Mountains in the Angular Momentum Balance of the Atmosphere The Angular Momentum Budget of the Transformed Eulerian Mean Equations The tropical Madden-Julian oscillation and the global wind oscillation Topographic Instability: Tests Torques and the Related Meridional and Vertical Fluxes of Axial Angular Momentum Uncertainty analysis of atmospheric friction torque on the solid Earth What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts? (A YouTube Presentation) Where is ENSO stress balanced? Mountain Waves: A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds On The Transfer Of Energy In Stationery Mountain Waves Multi-decadal Variability: Multi‐decadal variability of sudden stratospheric warmings in an AOGCM Stratospheric role in interdecadal changes of El Niño impacts over Europe FOR PART 2 OF THIS INDEX FOR THE N TO Z TITLES JUST SCROLL DOWN TO THE NEXT PAGE Please Note: If anyone wishes to discuss anything that appears on this page, please do so in our “Interactive Area”. Here’s the link: Interactive Area
×