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INDEX TO PAPERS AND PRESENTATIONS

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INDEX TO PAPERS AND PRESENTATIONS - PART 1:  A TO M (part 2 follows below on the next page)

 

This index is proving to be the most popular way to find papers. Please note that there is a method to find papers or presentations under a very specific topic which is to use the tag search facility. This will produce a list of all the papers which have been allocated with that tag. Full instructions plus a tag list are all shown in the  User Guide  (just click on the words for a direct link).

 

How to Use This Index:

All the topic headings are in alphabetical order. Then the tag allocated to each heading is shown afterwards if an abbreviated form is used - many tags contain the full topic heading. The titles of every paper or article are shown under each topic heading and these are also in alphabetical order. Just click on the title and it will take you straight to an abstract or summary of the paper. From there you can decide if you wish to use the link to read the full paper or presentation 

 

African Easterly Waves (AEW):  see also under Easterly Waves (for those that originate in other tropical regions)

Absolute and Convective Instability of the African Easterly Jet

A Climatological Relationship between MJO/ENSO Phases & Tropical Cyclone Interactions with Saharan Dust Storms across the Tropical Atlantic Basin

Aerosol interactions with African/Atlantic climate dynamics

African Easterly Waves - An Educational Guide

African Easterly Wave Climatology Document - Dataset Information +++

African Easterly Wave Variability and Its Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity

Analysis of African Easterly Wave Structures and Their Role in Influencing Tropical Cyclogenesis

Analysis of Strengthening and Dissipating Mesoscale Convective Systems Propagating off the West African Coast

A satellite analysis of mid-tropopsheric humidity and its impact on tropical cyclone genesis and intensification - Presentation

A Synoptic Model for African Easterly Waves - Presentation

Case Study of an Intense African Easterly Wave

Characteristics of African easterly waves associated with tropical cyclogenesis in the Cape Verde Islands region in July–September 2004–2008

Characterization of convective systems and their association with African easterly waves

Diabatic Rossby Waves as a Model for Convectively Coupled African Easterly Waves - Presentation

Distinguishing Developing Versus Non-Developing African Easterly Waves Using Adaptive Observational Strategies

Do West African thunderstorms predict the intensity of Atlantic hurricanes?

Dust induced changes on the West African summer monsoon features

Effects of Saharan Dust on the Linear Dynamics of African Easterly Waves

Energy Transformation & Diabatic Processes in Developing & Nondeveloping African Easterly Waves Observed during the NAMMA Project of 2006

Evolution of Precipitation in Easterly Wave Critical Layers during Tropical Cylogenesis as Observed in TRMM Data - Presentation

Genesis of Tropical Storm Debby (2006) within an African Easterly Wave: Roles of the Bottom-Up and Midlevel Pouch Processes

Interaction of Kelvin and Easterly Waves Over the Atlantic and Implications for Tropical Cyclogenesis - Presentation

Interactions of Diabatic Heating in Convective Superbursts with Energy Conversion Processes in the Genesis of Cape Verde Hurricanes from AEWs

Internal processes within the African Easterly Wave system

Investigating The Origin of African Easterly Waves - Presentation

Large-Scale Atmospheric Forcing of Vertical Wind Shear in the Tropics - Poster Presentation

Linking African Easterly Wave Activity with Equatorial Waves and the Influence of Rossby Waves from the Southern Hemisphere

Low-Level African Easterly Wave Activity and Its Relation to Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis in 2001

Mechanisms of African Easterly Wave Genesis - Presentation

On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation

On the Influence of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on African Easterly waves - Presentation

On the Non-development of a Strong African Easterly Wave: Investigating Ensemble Forecasts and In-situ Observations - Presentation

On the Potential Causes of the Nonstationary Correlations between West African Precipitation and Atlantic Hurricane Activity

Projected changes in African easterly wave intensity and track in response to greenhouse forcing

Revisiting the connection between African Easterly Waves and Atlantic tropical cyclogenesis

Saharan Dust and the Nonlinear Evolution of the African Easterly Jet–African Easterly Wave System - Presentation

Simulations of the West African Monsoon with a Superparameterized Climate Model. Part II: African Easterly Waves

Subcritical Destabilization of African Easterly Waves by Saharan Mineral Dust

The Challenge of Classifying Propagating Synoptic Disturbances in the African Tropics – Examples from the DACCIWA Field Campaign - Presentation

The Climatological Effect of Saharan Dust on Global Tropical Cyclones in a Fully Coupled GCM - Paper and Presentation

The Genesis of African Easterly Waves by Upstream Development

The impacts of Saharan dust on cloud microphysical & radiative processes in Hurricane Nadine (2012) during HS3 - Presentation

The Importance of Critical Layer in Differentiating Developing from Nondeveloping Easterly Waves

The Influence of the MJO on Upstream Precursors to African Easterly Waves

The Interaction between Deep Convection and Easterly Wave Activity over Africa: Convective Transitions and Mechanisms

The Intraseasonal Variability of African Easterly Wave Energetics

The relation between dry vortex merger and tropical cyclone genesis over the Atlantic Ocean

The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Paper

The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Presentation

Three-Dimensional Structure of African Easterly Waves based on Empirical Orthogonal Functions - Presentation

Trains of African Easterly Waves and Their Relationship to Tropical Cyclone Genesis in the Eastern Atlantic

Tropical cyclogenesis in a tropical wave critical layer: easterly waves

Tropical Storm Development from African Easterly Waves in the Eastern Atlantic: A Comparison of Two Successive Waves Using a Regional Model as Part of NASA AMMA 2006

Understanding African easterly waves: a moist singular vector approach

Variability of African Easterly Wave Structures- Presentation

Variability of the African Easterly Jet and Its Influence on Easterly Waves - Poster Presentation

West African Storm Tracks and Their Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclones

What is an African Easterly Wave ?

 

Aleutian Low:

Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Pathway of Different El Niño Flavors in Stratosphere-Resolving CMIP5 Models

Revisiting the Pacific Meridional Mode

 

Antarctica:

Antarctica Since The IGY (International Geophysical Year)

Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques

Causes of Antarctic Change - A Discussion

Drivers of Polar Warming - Presentation

Influence of subtropical Rossby wave trains on planetary wave activity over Antarctica in September 2002

Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 1   (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification)

Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 2   (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification)

Quick Facts on Arctic Sea Ice

On the reproducibility of the September 2002 vortex splitting event in the Antarctic stratosphere achieved without satellite observations

The Antarctic Centennial Oscillation: A Natural Paleoclimate Cycle in the Southern Hemisphere That Influences Global Temperatures

The relative roles of structural uncertainty and internal variability in Antarctic climate change projections

The Response of the Southern Ocean and Antarctic Sea Ice to Freshwater from Ice Shelves in an Earth System Model

Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection

Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification

 

Antarctic Centennial Oscillation (ACO):

The Antarctic Centennial Oscillation: A Natural Paleoclimate Cycle in the Southern Hemisphere That Influences Global Temperatures

 

Antarctic Oscillation (AAO):

The Early 1990s Change in ENSO–PSA–SAM Relationships and Its Impact on Southern Hemisphere Climate

Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection

 

Arctic Oscillation (AO):

Atmospheric summer teleconnections and Greenland Ice Sheet surface mass variations: insights from MERRA-2

Arctic Oscillation (AO) - A Simple Guide  (including ao monthly values from 1950 to date)

Changes in meandering of the Northern Hemisphere circulation

Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review

Enhanced Stratosphere/Troposphere Coupling During Extreme Warm Stratospheric Events with Strong Polar-Night Jet Oscillation

Eurasian snow cover variability and links to winter climate in the CMIP5 models

Evidence for a wavier jet stream in response to rapid Arctic warming

Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in mid-latitudes

Hindcasting the January 2009 Arctic Sudden Stratospheric Warming and Its Influence on the Arctic Oscillation with Unified Parameterization of Orographic Drag in NOGAPS. Part I: Extended-Range Stand-Alone Forecast

How Predictable Are the Arctic and North Atlantic Oscillations? Exploring the Variability and Predictability of the Northern Hemisphere

Impact of Large-scale Climatic Oscillations on Snowfall-related Climate Parameters in the World's Major Downhill Ski Areas: A Review

Impact of the Stratosphere on the Winter Tropospheric Teleconnections between ENSO and the North Atlantic and European Region

Investigating Possible Arctic–Midlatitude Teleconnections in a Linear Framework

Increased Variability in the Early Winter Subarctic North American Atmospheric Circulation

Linking stratospheric circulation extremes and minimum Arctic sea ice extent

Mountain torques and atmospheric oscillations

Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability.Part II: Regional Aspects

Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Pathway of Different El Niño Flavors in Stratosphere-Resolving CMIP5 Models

On the atmospheric response experiment to a Blue Arctic Ocean: Climate Response to Blue Arctic Ocean

Relationships Between El Nino-Southern Oscillation and the Arctic Oscillation: A Climate-Weather Link

Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Some Observed Features of Stratosphere-Troposphere Coupling - Lecture

Sudden Stratospheric Warming: Causes & Effects

The Role of Zonal Asymmetry in the Enhancement and Suppression of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Variability by the Madden–Julian Oscillation

The stratospheric pathway for Arctic impacts on midlatitude climate

Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection

Tropospheric Precursors and Stratospheric Warmings

Upward Wave Activity Flux as a Precursor to Extreme Stratospheric Events and Subsequent Anomalous Surface Weather Regimes

What kind of stratospheric sudden warming propagates to the troposphere?

 

ARCTIC SEA ICE:

We have separated this large and growing category into two sub-headings below to assist researchers and readers.  These are Arctic Amplification (warming and the associated recent ice loss) and Arctic Ice Cover (ice extent relating to earlier and more historic events and trends).  A few papers appear under both sub-headings

 

Arctic Amplification (AA):   often referred to as Arctic Warming (see also under Arctic Ice Cover) 

A Theory for Polar Amplification from a General Circulation Perspective

Causes of Arctic Amplification - A Discussion

Changing state of Arctic sea ice across all seasons

Consequences of Arctic Amplification: Role of the Stratosphere - A Discussion

Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review

Evidence for a wavier jet stream in response to rapid Arctic warming

Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in mid-latitudes

How Global Warming and Arctic Ice melt Intensify Hurricanes - YouTube Presentation

Influence of Arctic sea ice on the North Atlantic Oscillation

Investigating Possible Arctic–Midlatitude Teleconnections in a Linear Framework

Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 1   (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification)

Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 2   (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification)

Major Cause of Unprecedented Arctic Warming in January 2016: Critical Role of an Atlantic Windstorm

Multiple Drivers of Arctic Amplification - Presentation

Nonlinear response of mid-latitude weather to the changing Arctic

Projected SSTs over the 21st century: Changes in the mean, variability and extremes for large marine ecosystem regions of Northern Oceans

Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability

Response of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks to projected future warming

The influence of Arctic amplification on mid-latitude summer circulation

The Role of Downward Infrared Radiation in Arctic Amplification  - Presentation

Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification

Warm Arctic episodes linked with increased frequency of extreme winter weather in the United States

 

Arctic Ice Cover:    also referred to as Arctic Ice Extent (see also under Arctic Amplification)

Annual September Arctic Sea ice extent 1979-2012 - Presentation

Arctic Climate Change

Atmospheric response to changes in Arctic sea ice thickness

Causes of Arctic Amplification - A Discussion

Causes of Arctic Sea Ice Loss - A Discussion

Changing state of Arctic sea ice across all seasons

Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era

Cold winter extremes in northern continents linked to Arctic sea ice loss

Consequences of Arctic Amplification: Role of the Stratosphere - A Discussion

Consistency and discrepancy in the atmospheric response to Arctic sea-ice loss across climate models

Contributions of Ice Thickness to the Atmospheric Response From Projected Arctic Sea Ice Loss

Drivers of Polar Warming - Presentation

Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review

Evidence for a wavier jet stream in response to rapid Arctic warming

Fast Response of the Tropics to an Abrupt Loss of Arctic Sea Ice via Ocean Dynamics

How Global Warming and Arctic Ice melt Intensify Hurricanes - YouTube Presentation

Influence of Arctic sea ice on the North Atlantic Oscillation

Influence of high-latitude atmospheric circulation changes on summertime Arctic sea ice

Investigating Possible Arctic–Midlatitude Teleconnections in a Linear Framework

Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 1   (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification)

Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 2   (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification)

Linking stratospheric circulation extremes and minimum Arctic sea ice extent

Major Cause of Unprecedented Arctic Warming in January 2016: Critical Role of an Atlantic Windstorm

Multiple Drivers of Arctic Amplification - Presentation

Nonlinear response of mid-latitude weather to the changing Arctic

On the atmospheric response experiment to a Blue Arctic Ocean: Climate Response to Blue Arctic Ocean

Projected SSTs over the 21st century: Changes in the mean, variability and extremes for large marine ecosystem regions of Northern Oceans

Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability

Quick Facts on Arctic Sea Ice

Reconstruction of autumn sea ice extent changes since AD1289 in the Barents-Kara Sea, Arctic

Response of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks to projected future warming

Seasonal and Regional Manifestation of Arctic Sea Ice Loss

The influence of Arctic amplification on mid-latitude summer circulation

The stratospheric pathway for Arctic impacts on midlatitude climate

Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification

Variability and future projections of Arctic sea ice thickness

 

Asian Monsoon:

Distinct impacts of the Mongolian and Tibetan Plateaus on the evolution of the East Asian monsoon

Effect of Yunnan–Guizhou Topography at the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau on the Indian Monsoon

Effects of Parameterized Orographic Drag on Weather Forecasting and Simulated Climatology Over East Asia During Boreal Summer

Effects of the Tibetan Plateau. A chapter in the book "The Asian Monsoon"

Influence of the Tibetan Plateau uplift on the Asian monsoon-arid environment evolution

Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau

Recent progress in the impact of the Tibetan Plateau on climate in China

Review on climate change on the Tibetan Plateau during the last half century

The Influence of Mechanical and Thermal Forcing by the Tibetan Plateau on Asian Climate

 

Atlantic Cold Pool:

Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics

 

Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) - see also under Gulf Stream:

A last millennium perspective on North Atlantic variability: exploiting synergies between models and proxy data

Climate impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation simulated in the CMIP5 models: A re‐evaluation based on a revised index

Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities

Effect of AMOC collapse on ENSO in a high resolution general circulation model

Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics

Global and European climate impacts of a slowdown of the AMOC in a high resolution GCM

Gulf Stream Excursions and Sectional Detachments Generate the Decadal Pulses in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Impacts of high-latitude volcanic eruptions on ENSO and AMOC

Insights into Atlantic multidecadal variability using the Last Millennium Reanalysis framework

Intrinsic and atmospherically forced variability of the AMOC : insights from a large-ensemble ocean hindcast

Observations, inferences, and mechanisms of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A review

Oceanic forcing of the interhemispheric SST dipole associated with the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability

Recent subsurface North Atlantic cooling trend in context of Atlantic decadal-to-multidecadal variability

Response of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks to projected future warming

The role of Atlantic overturning circulation in the recent decline of Atlantic major hurricane frequency

The Central Role of Ocean Dynamics in Connecting the NAO to the Extratropical Component of the AMO

Underestimated AMOC Variability and Implications for AMV and Predictability in CMIP Models

 

Atlantic Meridional Mode (AMM):

Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics

Patterns of North Atlantic Decadal Variability and Hurricane Intensity Change - Presentation

The Atlantic Meridional Mode and hurricane activity

The Influence of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Caribbean Tropical Cyclone Activity

The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Paper

The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Presentation

 

Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) and Atlantic Multidecadal Variability (AMV): 

About the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO)

African Easterly Wave Climatology Document - Dataset Information +++

A last millennium perspective on North Atlantic variability: exploiting synergies between models and proxy data

Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) - NOAA Data

Atlantic Multidecadal Variability as a Modulator of Precipitation Variability in the Southwest United States

Climate impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation simulated in the CMIP5 models: A re‐evaluation based on a revised index

Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era

Co-variability of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and the eastern North Pacific

Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities

Dominant Role of Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation in the Recent Decadal Changes in Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity

Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics

ENSO Amplitude Modulation Associated with the Mean SST Changes in the Tropical Central Pacific Induced by Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Gulf Stream Excursions and Sectional Detachments Generate the Decadal Pulses in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Impact of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) on deriving anthropogenic warming rates from the instrumental temperature record

Impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability on North American Summer Climate and Heat Waves

Increasing Magnitude of Hurricane Rapid Intensification in the Central and Eastern Tropical Atlantic

Influence of Arctic sea ice on the North Atlantic Oscillation

Insights into Atlantic multidecadal variability using the Last Millennium Reanalysis framework

Interdecadal variability in pan-Pacific and global SST, revisited

Intrinsic and atmospherically forced variability of the AMOC : insights from a large-ensemble ocean hindcast

Is There Evidence of Changes in Tropical Atlantic Variability Modes under AMO Phases in the Observational Record?

Linking Emergence of the Central Pacific El Niño to the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics

Near-term Climate Predictions of the North Atlantic Region - YouTube Presentation

Observations, inferences, and mechanisms of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A review

Oceanic forcing of the interhemispheric SST dipole associated with the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Patterns of North Atlantic Decadal Variability and Hurricane Intensity Change - Presentation

Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability

Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability

Recent subsurface North Atlantic cooling trend in context of Atlantic decadal-to-multidecadal variability

Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations

Stratospheric role in interdecadal changes of El Niño impacts over Europe

The AMO as a Driver of Multi-decadal ENSO Variability

The Atlantic Meridional Mode and hurricane activity

The impact of the AMO on multidecadal ENSO variability

The Influence of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Caribbean Tropical Cyclone Activity

The Central Role of Ocean Dynamics in Connecting the NAO to the Extratropical Component of the AMO

The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Paper

The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Presentation

The role of Atlantic overturning circulation in the recent decline of Atlantic major hurricane frequency

The role of historical forcings in simulating the observed Atlantic multidecadal oscillation

Underestimated AMOC Variability and Implications for AMV and Predictability in CMIP Models

What is the Atlantic AMO (Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation)?

 

Atlantic Warm Pool:

Characterizing the Variations of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Motion - Presentation

 

Atmosphere-Ocean Coupling (see under Ocean-Atmosphere coupling):

 

Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Model (AOGCM):

Multi‐decadal variability of sudden stratospheric warmings in an AOGCM

 

Atmospheric Angular Momentum (AAM):

A gentle stroll through EP (Eliassen & Palm) flux theory

An Essay on the General Circulation of the Earth's Atmosphere (1947)

Angular momentum in the global atmospheric circulation

A Synoptic–Dynamic Model of Subseasonal Atmospheric Variability

Atmospheric Dynamics Feedback: Concept, Simulations, and Climate Implications

Atmospheric forcing mechanisms of polar motion

Atmospheric torques and Earth’s rotation: what drove the millisecond-level length-of-day response to the 2015–2016 El Niño?

Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques

Centennial Trend and Decadal-to-Interdecadal Variability of Atmospheric Angular Momentum in CMIP3 and CMIP5 Simulations

Dynamic coupling of the stratosphere with the troposphere and sudden stratospheric warmings

Gravity wave refraction by three-dimensionally varying winds and the global transport of angular momentum

Isentropic Pressure and Mountain Torques

Latitude–Height Structure of the Atmospheric Angular Momentum Cycle Associated with the Madden–Julian Oscillation

Mountains, the Global Frictional Torque, and the Circulation over the Pacific–North American Region

Mountain torques and atmospheric oscillations

Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability. Part I: Hemispheric Aspects

Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability.Part II: Regional Aspects

Planetary‐scale wave activity as a source of varying tropospheric response to stratospheric sudden warming events: A case study

Regional Sources of Mountain Torque Variability and High-Frequency Fluctuations in Atmospheric Angular Momentum

Relationship between Tropical Pacific SST and global atmospheric angular momentum in coupled models

Relation between variations in the intensity of the zonal circulation of the atmosphere and the displacements of the semi-permanent centers of action

Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming

Stochastic and oscillatory forcing of global atmospheric angular momentum

Studies of atmospheric angular momentum

The Angular Momentum Budget of the Transformed Eulerian Mean Equations

The atmospheric angular momentum cycle during the tropical Madden-Julian Oscillation

The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations

The Earth’s Atmospheric Angular Momentum Budget and its Representation in Reanalysis Observation Datasets and Climate Models

The Effects of Mountains on the General Circulation of the Atmosphere as Identified by Numerical Experiments

The intraseasonal atmospheric angular momentum associated with MJO convective initiations

The layer of frictional influence in wind and ocean currents [1935]

The remote effect of the Tibetan Plateau on downstream flow in early summer

The Role of Mountains in the Angular Momentum Balance of the Atmosphere

The tropical Madden-Julian oscillation and the global wind oscillation

Topographic Instability: Tests

Tornado Frequency in the United States Related to Global Relative Angular Momentum

Torques and the Related Meridional and Vertical Fluxes of Axial Angular Momentum

Uncertainty analysis of atmospheric friction torque on the solid Earth

Unusual Behavior in Atmospheric Angular Momentum during the 1965 and 1972 El Niños

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?         (A YouTube Presentation)

Where is ENSO stress balanced?

 

Atmospheric Circulation (see also under General Circulation of the Atmosphere):

A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings

An Essay on the General Circulation of the Earth's Atmosphere (1947)

Angular momentum in the global atmospheric circulation

Cold winter extremes in northern continents linked to Arctic sea ice loss

Contributions of Ice Thickness to the Atmospheric Response From Projected Arctic Sea Ice Loss

Energetic Constraints on the Width of the Intertropical Convergence Zone

Fast and Slow Components of the Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to CO2 Forcing

Increased Variability in the Early Winter Subarctic North American Atmospheric Circulation

Investigating Possible Arctic–Midlatitude Teleconnections in a Linear Framework

Isentropic Pressure and Mountain Torques

Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation

On the importance of gravity waves in the middle atmosphere and their parameterization in general circulation models

Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability

Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation

Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming

Seasonal and Regional Variations of Long-Term Changes in Upper-Tropospheric Jets from Reanalyses

Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection

Toward a Physically Based Gravity Wave Source Parameterization in a General Circulation Model

 

Atmospheric Forcing:

Atmospheric forcing mechanisms of polar motion

 

Atmospheric Rivers:

Modulation of the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Flow and Extreme Events By the Madden-Julian Oscillation - Presentation

 

Atmospheric Waves:

Internal wave coupling processes in Earth’s atmosphere

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

 

Blocking (when related specifically to teleconnections):

Blocking high influence on the stratospheric variability through enhancement and suppression of upward planetary-wave propagation

Blocking precursors to stratospheric sudden warming events

Extraordinary Features of the Planetary Wave Propagation During the Boreal Winter 2013/2014 and the Zonal Wave Number Two Predominance

Modulation of the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Flow and Extreme Events By the Madden-Julian Oscillation - Presentation

Multi‐decadal variability of sudden stratospheric warmings in an AOGCM

North Atlantic winter eddy-driven jet & atmospheric blocking variability in the Community Earth System Model version 1 Large Ensemble simulations

On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking

Response of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks to projected future warming

The preconditioning of major sudden stratospheric warmings

 

Brewer-Dobson Circulation:

The Brewer-Dobson Circulation

Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau

Stratosphere‐troposphere exchange

 

Central American Gap Flow:

An Investigation of the Formation of Hurricane Patricia (2015) - Presentation

 

Central American Gyres (CAG):

A Climatology of Central American Gyres

 

 

Central Pacific Warming (CPW):

Impact of Shifting Patterns of Pacific Ocean Warming on North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones

 

Climate Change:

Analyzing the combined influence of solar activity and El Niño on streamflow across southern Canada

Antarctica Since The IGY (International Geophysical Year)

Arctic Climate Change

A real-time Global Warming Index

Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records

A Theory for Polar Amplification from a General Circulation Perspective

Atlantic Multidecadal Variability as a Modulator of Precipitation Variability in the Southwest United States

Atmospheric response to changes in Arctic sea ice thickness

Causes of Antarctic Change - A Discussion

Causes of Arctic Amplification - A Discussion

Causes of Arctic Sea Ice Loss - A Discussion

Centennial Trend and Decadal-to-Interdecadal Variability of Atmospheric Angular Momentum in CMIP3 and CMIP5 Simulations

Climate science in the tropics: waves, vortices and PDEs

Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era

Consistency and discrepancy in the atmospheric response to Arctic sea-ice loss across climate models

Drivers of Polar Warming - Presentation

Effect of AMOC collapse on ENSO in a high resolution general circulation model

Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review

Energetic Constraints on the Width of the Intertropical Convergence Zone

Fast and Slow Components of the Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to CO2 Forcing

Global Warming and ENSO – A “Helter-Skelter” Atmosphere

Have Increases in CO2 Contributed to the Recent Large Upswing in Atlantic Basin Major Hurricanes Since 1995?

Influence of high-latitude atmospheric circulation changes on summertime Arctic sea ice

Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 1   (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification)

Key Points & Synthesis - Conference Summary Part 2   (Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification)

Migration of the Lifetime Maximum Intensity of Tropical Cyclones: Relation to Maximum Wind Speeds - Presentation

Multiple Drivers of Arctic Amplification - Presentation

Nonlinear response of mid-latitude weather to the changing Arctic

Projected SSTs over the 21st century: Changes in the mean, variability and extremes for large marine ecosystem regions of Northern Oceans

Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability

Reconstruction of autumn sea ice extent changes since AD1289 in the Barents-Kara Sea, Arctic

Relationship between Tropical Pacific SST and global atmospheric angular momentum in coupled models

Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming

Review on climate change on the Tibetan Plateau during the last half century

Seasonal and Regional Manifestation of Arctic Sea Ice Loss

The changing hail threat over North America in response to anthropogenic climate change

The MJO‐SSW Teleconnection: Interaction Between MJO‐Forced Waves and the Midlatitude Jet

The influence of Arctic amplification on mid-latitude summer circulation

The relative roles of structural uncertainty and internal variability in Antarctic climate change projections

The Response of the Southern Ocean and Antarctic Sea Ice to Freshwater from Ice Shelves in an Earth System Model

Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification

Variability and future projections of Arctic sea ice thickness

Warm Arctic episodes linked with increased frequency of extreme winter weather in the United States

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?            (A YouTube Presentation)

Why CO2 cools the middle atmosphere – a consolidating model perspective

 

Climate Variability (natural variability, not human induced):

A last millennium perspective on North Atlantic variability: exploiting synergies between models and proxy data

A real-time Global Warming Index

Centennial Trend and Decadal-to-Interdecadal Variability of Atmospheric Angular Momentum in CMIP3 and CMIP5 Simulations

How Predictable Are the Arctic and North Atlantic Oscillations? Exploring the Variability and Predictability of the Northern Hemisphere

Intrinsic and atmospherically forced variability of the AMOC : insights from a large-ensemble ocean hindcast

Near-term Climate Predictions of the North Atlantic Region - YouTube Presentation

Observations, inferences, and mechanisms of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A review

Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability

Relationship between Tropical Pacific SST and global atmospheric angular momentum in coupled models

The Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to ENSO: How Well Do We Know It and How Do We Evaluate Models Accordingly?

The South Pacific Meridional Mode: A Mechanism for ENSO-like Variability

 

CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) Forcing, Increases and Impacts:

Atmospheric Dynamics Feedback: Concept, Simulations, and Climate Implications

Fast and Slow Components of the Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to CO2 Forcing

Have Increases in CO2 Contributed to the Recent Large Upswing in Atlantic Basin Major Hurricanes Since 1995?

Multiple Drivers of Arctic Amplification - Presentation

Why CO2 cools the middle atmosphere – a consolidating model perspective

 

Cold Winter Extremes (when related specifically to teleconnections):

Warm Arctic episodes linked with increased frequency of extreme winter weather in the United States

 

Convection, Convective Self-Aggregation and Convective Cold Pools (in relation to hurricane formation):

Absolute and Convective Instability of the African Easterly Jet

Aerosol interactions with African/Atlantic climate dynamics

A Hypothesis for the Intensification of Tropical Cyclones under Moderate Vertical Wind Shear - Presentation

Convective Cold Pool Responses to Changes in Sea-Surface Temperature - Presentation

Climate science in the tropics: waves, vortices and PDEs

Convective Evolution during Tropical Cyclone Formation – Revisiting Zehr (1992) - Presentation

Impacts of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on Environmental Conditions for Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis

Instabilities of Radiative Convective Equilibrium with an Interactive Surface - Presentation

Internal processes within the African Easterly Wave system

Investigating The Origin of African Easterly Waves - Presentation

On the Influence of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on African Easterly waves - Presentation

Saharan Dust and the Nonlinear Evolution of the African Easterly Jet–African Easterly Wave System - Presentation

Simulations of the West African Monsoon with a Superparameterized Climate Model. Part II: African Easterly Waves

Subseasonal Forecasts of Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves and the MJO: Activity and Predictive Skill

The Virtual Effect of Water Vapor Helps Shape Basic Features of Convective Self-Aggregation - Presentation

 

Coriolis Force and Effect:

Dependence of MJO Phase Speed on Background Flow - Presentation

Ocean Currents and Climate - An Information Guide

The Myth That Tropical Cyclones Cannot Form Near the Equator - Presentation

 

Coupling, Ocean-Atmosphere (see under Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling):

 

Coupling - Stratosphere/Troposphere:

Comparing Extreme Heat Flux Events for Wavenumber 1 and 2

Coupling of Stratospheric Warmings with Mesospheric Coolings in Observations and Simulations

Defining Sudden Stratospheric Warming in Climate Models: Accounting for Biases in Model Climatologies

Dynamic coupling of the stratosphere with the troposphere and sudden stratospheric warmings

Enhanced Stratosphere/Troposphere Coupling During Extreme Warm Stratospheric Events with Strong Polar-Night Jet Oscillation

Eurasian snow cover variability and links to winter climate in the CMIP5 models

Interannual variability in the gravity wave drag – vertical coupling and possible climate links

Linking stratospheric circulation extremes and minimum Arctic sea ice extent

MJO‐Related Tropical Convection Anomalies Lead to More Accurate Stratospheric Vortex Variability in Sub-seasonal Forecast Models

Multi‐decadal variability of sudden stratospheric warmings in an AOGCM

On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation

Preconditioning of Arctic Stratospheric Polar Vortex Shift Events

Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau

Propagation of planetary‐scale disturbances from the lower into the upper atmosphere

Revisiting the ENSO–SSW Relationship

Role of Finite-Amplitude Eddies and Mixing in the Life Cycle of Stratospheric Sudden Warmings

Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings

Snow-atmosphere coupling and its impact on temperature variability and extremes over North America

Snow–atmosphere coupling in the Northern Hemisphere

Snow–Atmosphere Coupling Strength. Part I: Effect of Model Biases

Some Observed Features of Stratosphere-Troposphere Coupling - Lecture

Stratosphere‐troposphere exchange

The association between stratospheric weak polar vortex events and cold air outbreaks in the Northern Hemisphere

The Life Cycle of Northern Hemisphere Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere

Three Types of Synoptic Events and Their Associated Troposphere-Stratosphere Coupling

Transfer of the solar signal from the stratosphere to the troposphere: Northern Winter
Tropospheric and Stratospheric Precursors to the January 2013 Sudden Stratospheric Warming

Why are Upward EP-Flux and Temperature Positively Skewed in the Stratosphere?

 

Critical Point and Critical Layer:

Evolution of Precipitation in Easterly Wave Critical Layers during Tropical Cylogenesis as Observed in TRMM Data - Presentation

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

The Importance of Critical Layer in Differentiating Developing from Nondeveloping Easterly Waves

Tropical cyclogenesis in a tropical wave critical layer: easterly waves

 

Cryosphere:

Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era

Quick Facts on Arctic Sea Ice

 

Cyclogenesis and Rapid Intensification of Tropical Storms Hurricanes:

A Hypothesis for the Intensification of Tropical Cyclones under Moderate Vertical Wind Shear - Presentation

Analysis of Strengthening and Dissipating Mesoscale Convective Systems Propagating off the West African Coast

A satellite analysis of mid-tropopsheric humidity and its impact on tropical cyclone genesis and intensification - Presentation

Characteristics of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification in Environments of Upper-Tropospheric Troughs - Presentation

Convective Adjustment, Gravity Waves and Diurnal Regulation of Tropical Cyclogenesis - Presentation

Convective Evolution during Tropical Cyclone Formation – Revisiting Zehr (1992) - Presentation

Diabatic Rossby Waves as a Model for Convectively Coupled African Easterly Waves - Presentation

Effect of Sea-Surface Temperature and Ambient Moisture on the Formation and Predictability of Tropical Cyclones Under Vertical Wind Shear: An Ensemble Predictability Perspective - Presentation

Effect of remote sea surface temperature change on tropical cyclone potential intensity

Effects of Saharan Dust on the Linear Dynamics of African Easterly Waves

Evolution of Environmental Characteristics in Rapidly and Slowly Intensifying Tropical Cyclones in North Atlantic & Eastern North Pacific - Presentation

Evolution of Precipitation in Easterly Wave Critical Layers during Tropical Cylogenesis as Observed in TRMM Data - Presentation

How Does the Diurnal Radiative Heating Cycle Impact the Genesis and Intensification of Tropical Cyclones? - Presentation

Impact of the Boreal Summer Quasi-biweekly Oscillation on Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity - Presentation

Impacts of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on Environmental Conditions for Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis

Intraseasonal Tropical Cyclogenesis Prediction in a Global Coupled Model System

Investigating The Origin of African Easterly Waves - Presentation

Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis: A Global Survey

Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework - Presentation

On Maximum Potential Intensification Rate (MPIR) of a Tropical Cyclone: An Observational Perspective - Presentation

On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation

On the Influence of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on African Easterly waves - Presentation

On the Non-development of a Strong African Easterly Wave: Investigating Ensemble Forecasts and In-situ Observations - Presentation

On the Potential Causes of the Nonstationary Correlations between West African Precipitation and Atlantic Hurricane Activity

Physical Mechanisms of Tropopause Polar Vortex Intensity Change

Projected changes in African easterly wave intensity and track in response to greenhouse forcing

Relationship between Tropical Cyclone Genesis in Main Development Region & Seasonal Tropical Cyclone Activity in Atlantic Basin - Poster Presentation

Revisiting the 26.5°C Sea Surface Temperature Threshold for Tropical Cyclone Development

Sea Spray Transport Intensifying Tropical Cyclones - Presentation

The Dynamics of ENSO–Atlantic Hurricane Teleconnection: ENSO-Related Changes to N African–Asian Jet Affect Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclogenesis

The Extreme Intensification and Predictability of 2015's Hurricane Patricia - Presentation

The Genesis of African Easterly Waves by Upstream Development

The Influence of the Upper-Level Environmental Flow on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity Predictability - Presentation

The relation between dry vortex merger and tropical cyclone genesis over the Atlantic Ocean

Tropical Storm Development from African Easterly Waves in the Eastern Atlantic: A Comparison of Two Successive Waves Using a Regional Model as Part of NASA AMMA 2006

Upper-Tropospheric Static Stability in Tropical Cyclones: Observations and Modeling

 

Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: 

Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities

 

Dry Air Intrusion Pathways (in Tropical Cyclone Genesis):

A Hypothesis for the Intensification of Tropical Cyclones under Moderate Vertical Wind Shear - Presentation

Analysis of Strengthening and Dissipating Mesoscale Convective Systems Propagating off the West African Coast

A satellite analysis of mid-tropopsheric humidity and its impact on tropical cyclone genesis and intensification - Presentation

Does Cooler Air Near the Top of the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) Play a Role in Hurricane Intensity Change during Hurricane-SAL Interactions? - Presentation

Dry Air, Midlevel Flow, and the Persistence of Deep Convection in Atlantic Tropical Disturbances - Presentation

Instabilities of Radiative Convective Equilibrium with an Interactive Surface - Presentation

On the Non-development of a Strong African Easterly Wave: Investigating Ensemble Forecasts and In-situ Observations - Presentation

The Climatological Effect of Saharan Dust on Global Tropical Cyclones in a Fully Coupled GCM - Paper and Presentation

The relation between dry vortex merger and tropical cyclone genesis over the Atlantic Ocean

Three-Dimensional Structure of African Easterly Waves based on Empirical Orthogonal Functions - Presentation

Tropical Storm Development from African Easterly Waves in the Eastern Atlantic: A Comparison of Two Successive Waves Using a Regional Model as Part of NASA AMMA 2006

Variability of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Weakening on a Global Scale - Presentation

 

Earth's Magnetic Field (see under Magnetic Field):

 

East Asian Mountain Torque (EAMT):

Annual atmospheric torques: Processes and regional contributions

Atmospheric forcing mechanisms of polar motion

Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques

Distinct impacts of the Mongolian and Tibetan Plateaus on the evolution of the East Asian monsoon

Effect of Yunnan–Guizhou Topography at the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau on the Indian Monsoon

Effects of Parameterized Orographic Drag on Weather Forecasting and Simulated Climatology Over East Asia During Boreal Summer

Effects of the Tibetan Plateau. A chapter in the book "The Asian Monsoon"

Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation

Mountains, the Global Frictional Torque, and the Circulation over the Pacific–North American Region

Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability.Part II: Regional Aspects

Mountain Torque Events at the Tibetan Plateau

On the Influence of the Earth's Orography on the General Character of the Westerlies

On the Three-Dimensional Propagation of Stationary Waves

Orography and the Boreal Winter Stratosphere: the Importance of the Mongolian mountains

Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau

Regional Sources of Mountain Torque Variability and High-Frequency Fluctuations in Atmospheric Angular Momentum

Sudden Stratospheric Warming: Causes & Effects

The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations

The Effects of Mountains on the General Circulation of the Atmosphere as Identified by Numerical Experiments

Where is ENSO stress balanced?

 

Easterly Waves:  other than African Easterly Waves (AEW) - for those, see under that heading

An Investigation of the Formation of Hurricane Patricia (2015) - Presentation

Case study analysis of easterly wave formation in the East Pacific - Poster Presentation

Evolution of Precipitation in Easterly Wave Critical Layers during Tropical Cylogenesis as Observed in TRMM Data - Presentation

Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework - Presentation

On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation

Planetary Scale Intraseasonal Disturbances - Presentation

The Importance of Critical Layer in Differentiating Developing from Nondeveloping Easterly Waves

The Madden-Julian Oscillation and Mean Global Easterly Winds - Presentation

Tropical cyclogenesis in a tropical wave critical layer: easterly waves

 

Easterly Wind Bursts (also known as Easterly Wind Events):

Modulation of equatorial Pacific westerly/easterly wind events by the Madden–Julian oscillation and convectively‑coupled Rossby waves

Timing of subsurface heat magnitude for the growth of El Niño events

 

East Pacific Oscillation (EPO):

East Pacific Oscillation Key to Pattern Change - YouTube Presentation

EPO: What you need to know

What is the Eastern Pacific Oscillation?  A Learning Guide

 

 

Educational Papers, Learning Guides and Presentations:

About the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO)

African Easterly Waves - An Educational Guide

All About Tornadoes - A Fact Sheet

Arctic Oscillation (AO) - A Simple Guide

How are Hurricanes Different from Tornadoes

How Do Hurricanes Spawn Tornadoes?

Hurricane Structure

Kelvin Waves - A Learner's Guide

Ocean Currents and Climate - An Information Guide

Quick Facts on Arctic Sea Ice

Sunspots and the Solar Max - What Exactly is a Sunspot?

The North Atlantic Oscillation - Learning Guide

What Does "Invest" Mean With Tropical Weather?

What is an African Easterly Wave ?

What is the Atlantic AMO (Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation)?

What is the Eastern Pacific Oscillation?  A Learning Guide

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?        (A YouTube Presentation)

 

EP Flux (Eliassen & Palm Flux😞

A gentle stroll through EP (Eliassen & Palm) flux theory

Dynamics of 2013 Sudden Stratospheric Warming event and its impact on cold weather over Eurasia: Role of planetary wave reflection

Effect of Madden–Julian Oscillation Occurrence Frequency on the Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Wave Activity in Winter

Enhanced Stratosphere/Troposphere Coupling During Extreme Warm Stratospheric Events with Strong Polar-Night Jet Oscillation

Extraordinary Features of the Planetary Wave Propagation During the Boreal Winter 2013/2014 and the Zonal Wave Number Two Predominance

Influence of subtropical Rossby wave trains on planetary wave activity over Antarctica in September 2002

On the Three-Dimensional Propagation of Stationary Waves

Planetary‐scale wave activity as a source of varying tropospheric response to stratospheric sudden warming events: A case study

Saharan Dust and the Nonlinear Evolution of the African Easterly Jet–African Easterly Wave System - Presentation

Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Sudden Stratospheric Warmings and Anomalous Upward Wave Activity Flux

The Angular Momentum Budget of the Transformed Eulerian Mean Equations

The MJO‐SSW Teleconnection: Interaction Between MJO‐Forced Waves and the Midlatitude Jet

The Role of Zonal Asymmetry in the Enhancement and Suppression of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Variability by the Madden–Julian Oscillation

Three Types of Synoptic Events and Their Associated Troposphere-Stratosphere Coupling

Vortex Preconditioning due to Planetary and Gravity Waves prior to Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

Why are Upward EP-Flux and Temperature Positively Skewed in the Stratosphere?

 

El Nino:

A Madden‐Julian Oscillation event remotely accelerates ocean upwelling to abruptly terminate the 1997/1998 super El Niño

Analyzing the combined influence of solar activity and El Niño on streamflow across southern Canada

Analyzing the influences of two types of El Niño on tropical cyclone genesis with a modified genesis potential index

A Review of ENSO Theories

Atmospheric torques and Earth’s rotation: what drove the millisecond-level length-of-day response to the 2015–2016 El Niño?

Both air-sea components are crucial for El Niño forecast from boreal spring

Changes in Frequency of Major Stratospheric Sudden Warmings with El Niño/Southern Oscillation and Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Causes and Predictability of the Negative Indian Ocean Dipole and Its Impact on La Niña During 2016

Different ENSO teleconnections and their effects on the stratospheric polar vortex

Eastern Pacific tropical cyclones intensified by El Niño delivery of subsurface ocean heat

Effects of stratospheric variability on El Niño teleconnections

El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation

El Niño and La Niña Years and Intensities - Charts from 1950 to date

El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina,  Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation

El Niño, La Niña, and stratospheric sudden warmings: A reevaluation in light of the observational record

El Niño/Southern Oscillation behaviour since 1871 as diagnosed in an extended multivariate ENSO index (MEI.ext)

ENSO Amplitude Modulation Associated with the Mean SST Changes in the Tropical Central Pacific Induced by Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnection, and Impacts - Workshop

Global Warming and ENSO – A “Helter-Skelter” Atmosphere

Historical El Nino and La Nina Episodes - from 1950 to date

Influence of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on tornado and hail frequency in the United States

Impact of the South and North Pacific Meridional Modes on ENSO: Observational Analysis and Comparison

Impacts of high-latitude volcanic eruptions on ENSO and AMOC

Impact of interactive westerly wind bursts on CCSM3

Importance of Late Fall ENSO Teleconnection in the Euro-Atlantic Sector

Indian Ocean Dipole Modes Associated with Different Types of ENSO Development

Interaction Between the Indian Ocean Dipole and ENSO Associated with Ocean Subsurface Variability - Presentation

Intrabasin Variability of East Pacific Tropical Cyclones During ENSO Regulated by Central American Gap Winds

Is There Evidence of Changes in Tropical Atlantic Variability Modes under AMO Phases in the Observational Record?

Leading modes of tropical Pacific subsurface ocean temperature and associations with two types of El Niño

Linking Emergence of the Central Pacific El Niño to the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Look South, ENSO Forecasters

Modulation of equatorial Pacific westerly/easterly wind events by the Madden–Julian oscillation and convectively‑coupled Rossby waves

Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics

Multi‐decadal variability of sudden stratospheric warmings in an AOGCM

Multivariate ENSO Index - NOAA homepage

Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Pathway of Different El Niño Flavors in Stratosphere-Resolving CMIP5 Models

On the 60-month cycle of multivariate ENSO index

On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking

Predictability of SST-Modulated Westerly Wind Bursts

Quantifying the Dependence of Westerly Wind Bursts on the Large-Scale Tropical Pacific SST

Relationship between Tropical Pacific SST and global atmospheric angular momentum in coupled models

Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations

Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming

Revisiting the ENSO–SSW Relationship

Revisiting the Pacific Meridional Mode

Rossby wave dynamics of the North Pacific extra-tropical response to El Nino: Importance of the basic state in coupled GCMs

Sea surface temperature in the north tropical Atlantic as a trigger for El Niño/Southern Oscillation events

Seasonal predictability of winter ENSO types in operational dynamical model predictions

Separating the stratospheric and tropospheric pathways of El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnections

Stratospheric role in interdecadal changes of El Niño impacts over Europe

The 2018 hurricane season could be as busy as the 2017 season

The AMO as a Driver of Multi-decadal ENSO Variability

The changing impact of El Niño on US winter temperatures

The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño

The Distinct Contributions of the Seasonal Footprinting and Charged‐Discharged Mechanisms to ENSO Complexity

The Dynamics of ENSO–Atlantic Hurricane Teleconnection: ENSO-Related Changes to N African–Asian Jet Affect Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclogenesis

The Early 1990s Change in ENSO–PSA–SAM Relationships and Its Impact on Southern Hemisphere Climate

The impact of the AMO on multidecadal ENSO variability

The Influence of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Caribbean Tropical Cyclone Activity

The interannual variability of hurricane activity in the Atlantic and East Pacific Regions

The interaction between the Western Indian Ocean and ENSO in CESM

The Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to ENSO: How Well Do We Know It and How Do We Evaluate Models Accordingly?

The South Pacific Meridional Mode as a Thermally Driven Source of ENSO Amplitude Modulation and Uncertainty

Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection

Timing of subsurface heat magnitude for the growth of El Niño events

Triggering of El Niño onset through trade wind–induced charging of the equatorial Pacific

Unusual Behavior in Atmospheric Angular Momentum during the 1965 and 1972 El Niños

Westerly Wind Bursts and Their Relationship with Intraseasonal Variations and ENSO. Part I: Statistics

Westerly Wind Bursts: ENSO’s Tail Rather than the Dog?

Westerly Wind Events in the Tropical Pacific and their Influence on the Coupled Ocean‐Atmosphere System: A Review

Where is ENSO stress balanced?

 

El Nino Modoki:

El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation

 

El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO):

34 Years of Atlantic Basin Seasonal Hurricane Forecasts - Presentation

A Climatological Relationship between MJO/ENSO Phases & Tropical Cyclone Interactions with Saharan Dust Storms across the Tropical Atlantic Basin

A Madden‐Julian Oscillation event remotely accelerates ocean upwelling to abruptly terminate the 1997/1998 super El Niño

Analyzing the influences of two types of El Niño on tropical cyclone genesis with a modified genesis potential index

A Review of ENSO Theories

Assessing the Relationship between MJO and Equatorial Pacific WWBs in Observations and CMIP5 Models

A Synoptic–Dynamic Model of Subseasonal Atmospheric Variability

Atlantic Multidecadal Variability as a Modulator of Precipitation Variability in the Southwest United States

Atmospheric and surface variations during westerly wind bursts in the tropical western Pacific

Atmospheric torques and Earth’s rotation: what drove the millisecond-level length-of-day response to the 2015–2016 El Niño?

Baroclinic-to-Barotropic Pathway in ENSO Teleconnections from the Viewpoint of a Barotropic Rossby Wave Source

Both air-sea components are crucial for El Niño forecast from boreal spring

Causes and Predictability of the Negative Indian Ocean Dipole and Its Impact on La Niña During 2016

Changes in Frequency of Major Stratospheric Sudden Warmings with El Niño/Southern Oscillation and Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Characterizing the Variations of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Motion - Presentation

Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era

Consequences of Arctic Amplification: Role of the Stratosphere - A Discussion

Co-variability of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and the eastern North Pacific

Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities

Different ENSO teleconnections and their effects on the stratospheric polar vortex

Eastern Pacific tropical cyclones intensified by El Niño delivery of subsurface ocean heat

Effect of AMOC collapse on ENSO in a high resolution general circulation model

Effect of Madden–Julian Oscillation Occurrence Frequency on the Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Wave Activity in Winter

Effects of stratospheric variability on El Niño teleconnections

El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation

El Niño, La Niña, and stratospheric sudden warmings: A reevaluation in light of the observational record

El Niño and La Niña Years and Intensities - Charts from 1950 to date

El Niño/Southern Oscillation behaviour since 1871 as diagnosed in an extended multivariate ENSO index (MEI.ext)

ENSO Amplitude Modulation Associated with the Mean SST Changes in the Tropical Central Pacific Induced by Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

ENSO‐based probabilistic forecasts of March–May U.S. tornado and hail activity

ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnection, and Impacts - Workshop

Fast and Slow Components of the Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to CO2 Forcing

Genesis of westerly wind bursts over the equatorial western Pacific during the onset of the strong 2015–2016 El Niño

Global Warming and ENSO – A “Helter-Skelter” Atmosphere

Historical El Nino and La Nina Episodes - from 1950 to date

Indian Ocean Dipole Modes Associated with Different Types of ENSO Development

Impact of Large-scale Climatic Oscillations on Snowfall-related Climate Parameters in the World's Major Downhill Ski Areas: A Review

Impact of Shifting Patterns of Pacific Ocean Warming on North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones

Impact of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) on deriving anthropogenic warming rates from the instrumental temperature record

Impact of the South and North Pacific Meridional Modes on ENSO: Observational Analysis and Comparison

Impact of the Stratosphere on the Winter Tropospheric Teleconnections between ENSO and the North Atlantic and European Region

Impacts of El Niño and La Niña on the hurricane season

Impacts of non‐canonical El Niño patterns on Atlantic hurricane activity

Impacts of high-latitude volcanic eruptions on ENSO and AMOC

Impact of interactive westerly wind bursts on CCSM3

Importance of Late Fall ENSO Teleconnection in the Euro-Atlantic Sector

Influence of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on tornado and hail frequency in the United States

Influence of the Indian Ocean Dipole on the Southern Oscillation

Influence of the sunspot cycle on the Northern Hemisphere wintertime circulation from long upper-air data sets

Interaction Between the Indian Ocean Dipole and ENSO Associated with Ocean Subsurface Variability - Presentation

Interannual variability in the gravity wave drag – vertical coupling and possible climate links

Interdecadal variability in pan-Pacific and global SST, revisited

Interdecadal variability of the ENSO–North Atlantic Oscillation connection in boreal summer

Intrabasin Variability of East Pacific Tropical Cyclones During ENSO Regulated by Central American Gap Winds

Is There Evidence of Changes in Tropical Atlantic Variability Modes under AMO Phases in the Observational Record?

Kelvin Waves - A Learner's Guide

Large-Scale Atmospheric Forcing of Vertical Wind Shear in the Tropics - Poster Presentation

Leading modes of tropical Pacific subsurface ocean temperature and associations with two types of El Niño

Leading Tropical Modes Associated with Interannual and Multidecadal Fluctuations in North Atlantic Hurricane Activity

Long term changes in flooding and heavy rainfall associated with North Atlantic tropical cyclones: Roles of the North Atlantic Oscillation and ENSO

Look South, ENSO Forecasters

Mechanisms Governing Interannual Variability of Stratosphere‐to‐Troposphere Ozone Transport

Might dimming the sun change atmospheric ENSO teleconnections as we know them?

Modulation of equatorial Pacific westerly/easterly wind events by the Madden–Julian oscillation and convectively‑coupled Rossby waves

Modulation of the Global Atmospheric Circulation by Combined Activity in the Madden–Julian Oscillation and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation during Boreal Winter 

Multivariate ENSO Index - NOAA homepage

Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics

Nonlinearity of the combined warm ENSO and QBO effects on the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex in MAECHAM5 simulations

On the 60-month cycle of multivariate ENSO index

On the Potential Causes of the Nonstationary Correlations between West African Precipitation and Atlantic Hurricane Activity

On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking

Predictability of SST-Modulated Westerly Wind Bursts

Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability

Quantifying the Dependence of Westerly Wind Bursts on the Large-Scale Tropical Pacific SST

Recent progress in the impact of the Tibetan Plateau on climate in China

Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation

Relationships Between El Nino-Southern Oscillation and the Arctic Oscillation: A Climate-Weather Link

Relationship between Tropical Pacific SST and global atmospheric angular momentum in coupled models

Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations

Revisiting the ENSO–SSW Relationship

Revisiting the Pacific Meridional Mode

Seasonal predictability of winter ENSO types in operational dynamical model predictions

Seasonal and Regional Variations of Long-Term Changes in Upper-Tropospheric Jets from Reanalyses

Sea surface temperature in the north tropical Atlantic as a trigger for El Niño/Southern Oscillation events

Separating the stratospheric and tropospheric pathways of El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnections

Stratospheric Control of the Madden–Julian Oscillation

Strong influence of westerly wind bursts on El Niño diversity

Studies of atmospheric angular momentum

Subseasonal Forecasts of Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves and the MJO: Activity and Predictive Skill

Sunspots and ENSO relationship using Markov method

Teleconnection Paths via Climate Network Direct Link Detection

The 2018 hurricane season could be as busy as the 2017 season

The AMO as a Driver of Multi-decadal ENSO Variability

The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño

The Distinct Contributions of the Seasonal Footprinting and Charged‐Discharged Mechanisms to ENSO Complexity

The Dynamics of ENSO–Atlantic Hurricane Teleconnection: ENSO-Related Changes to N African–Asian Jet Affect Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclogenesis

The Early 1990s Change in ENSO–PSA–SAM Relationships and Its Impact on Southern Hemisphere Climate

The impact of the AMO on multidecadal ENSO variability

The impact of westerly wind bursts and ocean initial state on the development, and diversity of El Niño events

The Influence of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Caribbean Tropical Cyclone Activity

The interaction between the Western Indian Ocean and ENSO in CESM

The interannual variability of hurricane activity in the Atlantic and East Pacific Regions

The key role of background sea surface temperature over the cold tongue in asymmetric responses of the Arctic stratosphere to El Niño–Southern Oscillation

The Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to ENSO: How Well Do We Know It and How Do We Evaluate Models Accordingly?

The Recent Westerly Wind Burst in the Western Equatorial Pacific Could Help to Strengthen the 2015/16 El Niño

The role of South Pacific atmospheric variability in the development of different types of ENSO

The South Pacific Meridional Mode: A Mechanism for ENSO-like Variability

The South Pacific Meridional Mode as a Thermally Driven Source of ENSO Amplitude Modulation and Uncertainty

Timing of subsurface heat magnitude for the growth of El Niño events

Triggering of El Niño onset through trade wind–induced charging of the equatorial Pacific

Tropospheric Rossby Wave Breaking and the SAM

Understanding the Impacts of the Indian Ocean on ENSO Variability in a Coupled GCM

Understanding the IOD - YouTube Presentation

Varying stratospheric responses to tropical Atlantic SST forcing from early to late winter

Westerly Wind Bursts and Their Relationship with Intraseasonal Variations and ENSO. Part I: Statistics

Westerly Wind Bursts: ENSO’s Tail Rather than the Dog?

Westerly Wind Events in the Tropical Pacific and their Influence on the Coupled Ocean‐Atmosphere System: A Review

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?      (A YouTube Presentation)

Where is ENSO stress balanced?

Why do Earth's equatorial waves head east?

 

Equatorial Torques:

Mountain Torque Events at the Tibetan Plateau

 

Equatorial Waves:

see under Kelvin waves

 

Eulerian Mean, Transformed (TEM):

Planetary‐scale wave activity as a source of varying tropospheric response to stratospheric sudden warming events: A case study

The Angular Momentum Budget of the Transformed Eulerian Mean Equations

 

Eurasian Snow Cover - see under "Siberian Snow Cover"

 

European Climate:

A robust empirical seasonal prediction of winter NAO and surface climate

How Predictable Are the Arctic and North Atlantic Oscillations? Exploring the Variability and Predictability of the Northern Hemisphere

Near-term Climate Predictions of the North Atlantic Region - YouTube Presentation

Skillful long‐range prediction of European and North American winters

 

Extratropical Cyclogenis:

Southern Hemisphere summertime Rossby waves and weather in the Australian region

 

Extratropical Forcing:

Extratropical Forcing of Tropical Pacific Convection during Northern Winter

 

Frictional Torque (FT):

A gentle stroll through EP (Eliassen & Palm) flux theory

Annual atmospheric torques: Processes and regional contributions

Atmospheric torques and Earth’s rotation: what drove the millisecond-level length-of-day response to the 2015–2016 El Niño?

Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques

Isentropic Pressure and Mountain Torques

Mountains, the Global Frictional Torque, and the Circulation over the Pacific–North American Region

Regional Sources of Mountain Torque Variability and High-Frequency Fluctuations in Atmospheric Angular Momentum

Relation between variations in the intensity of the zonal circulation of the atmosphere and the displacements of the semi-permanent centers of action

Stochastic and oscillatory forcing of global atmospheric angular momentum

Studies of atmospheric angular momentum

The Angular Momentum Budget of the Transformed Eulerian Mean Equations

The atmospheric angular momentum cycle during the tropical Madden-Julian Oscillation

The layer of frictional influence in wind and ocean currents [1935]

The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations

The tropical Madden-Julian oscillation and the global wind oscillation

Torques and the Related Meridional and Vertical Fluxes of Axial Angular Momentum

Uncertainty analysis of atmospheric friction torque on the solid Earth

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?          (A YouTube Presentation)

 

General Circulation (of the Atmosphere - see also under Atmospheric circulation):

Analysis of the variability of the North Atlantic eddy-driven jet stream in CMIP5

An Essay on the General Circulation of the Earth's Atmosphere (1947)

Angular momentum in the global atmospheric circulation

A Theory for Polar Amplification from a General Circulation Perspective

Dependence of MJO Phase Speed on Background Flow - Presentation

Investigating Possible Arctic–Midlatitude Teleconnections in a Linear Framework

Modulation of the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Flow and Extreme Events By the Madden-Julian Oscillation - Presentation

North Atlantic winter eddy-driven jet & atmospheric blocking variability in the Community Earth System Model version 1 Large Ensemble simulations

The Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to ENSO: How Well Do We Know It and How Do We Evaluate Models Accordingly?

 

Global Arctic Programme (GAP):

Arctic Climate Change

 

Global Atmospheric Angular Momentum (GLAAM - see under Atmospheric Angular Momentum - AAM):

 

Global Dimming:

Might dimming the sun change atmospheric ENSO teleconnections as we know them?

 

Global Circulation Model (GCM):

Global and European climate impacts of a slowdown of the AMOC in a high resolution GCM

 

Global Mountain Torque (GLMT):

 

Global Synoptic Dynamic Model (GSDM):

A Synoptic–Dynamic Model of Subseasonal Atmospheric Variability

The tropical Madden-Julian oscillation and the global wind oscillation

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?    (A YouTube Presentation)

 

Global Temperatures:

Do trend extraction approaches affect causality detection in climate change studies?

The Antarctic Centennial Oscillation: A Natural Paleoclimate Cycle in the Southern Hemisphere That Influences Global Temperatures

 

Global Warming:

A real-time Global Warming Index

A Sensitivity Study of the Thermodynamic Environment on GFDL Model Hurricane Intensity: Implications for Global Warming

Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records

Atmospheric Dynamics Feedback: Concept, Simulations, and Climate Implications

Causes of Antarctic Change - A Discussion

Causes of Arctic Sea Ice Loss - A Discussion

Consistency and discrepancy in the atmospheric response to Arctic sea-ice loss across climate models

Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review

Effect of remote sea surface temperature change on tropical cyclone potential intensity

Global Warming and ENSO – A “Helter-Skelter” Atmosphere

Global Warming and Hurricanes

How Global Warming and Arctic Ice melt Intensify Hurricanes - YouTube Presentation

Nonlinear response of mid-latitude weather to the changing Arctic

Projected SSTs over the 21st century: Changes in the mean, variability and extremes for large marine ecosystem regions of Northern Oceans

Reconstruction of autumn sea ice extent changes since AD1289 in the Barents-Kara Sea, Arctic

Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming

The remote effect of the Tibetan Plateau on downstream flow in early summer

The Response of the Southern Ocean and Antarctic Sea Ice to Freshwater from Ice Shelves in an Earth System Model

Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Polar Amplification

Warm Arctic episodes linked with increased frequency of extreme winter weather in the United States

 

Global Wind Oscillation (GWO):

The tropical Madden-Julian oscillation and the global wind oscillation

Tornado Frequency in the United States Related to Global Relative Angular Momentum

U.S. Hail Frequency and the Global Wind Oscillation

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?           (A YouTube Presentation)

 

Grand Maxima and Grand Minima (see Sunspots and also Solar Oscillation):

 

Gravity:

Ocean Currents and Climate - An Information Guide

 

Gravity Waves (and Gravity Wave drag):

A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings

Circumglobal Propagation of Successive MJO Events in MERRA-2 - Presentation

Convective Adjustment, Gravity Waves and Diurnal Regulation of Tropical Cyclogenesis - Presentation

Coupling of Stratospheric Warmings with Mesospheric Coolings in Observations and Simulations

Dynamical control of the mesosphere by gravity wave drag

Effects of Parameterized Orographic Drag on Weather Forecasting and Simulated Climatology Over East Asia During Boreal Summer

Gravity wave drag

Gravity Wave Effects on Polar Vortex Geometry During Split-Type Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

Gravity wave refraction by three-dimensionally varying winds and the global transport of angular momentum

Improving weather forecasts via impacts of turbulent orographic form and small-scale orographic gravity wave drag on boundary layers

Interannual variability in the gravity wave drag – vertical coupling and possible climate links

Kelvin Waves - A Learner's Guide

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

On the importance of gravity waves in the middle atmosphere and their parameterization in general circulation models

Parameterized Gravity Wave Momentum Fluxes from Sources Related to Convection & Large-Scale Precipitation Processes in Global Atmosphere Model

Propagation of planetary‐scale disturbances from the lower into the upper atmosphere

Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation

Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings

Studies of atmospheric angular momentum

The Challenge of Classifying Propagating Synoptic Disturbances in the African Tropics – Examples from the DACCIWA Field Campaign - Presentation

The physics of orographic gravity wave drag

The roles of planetary and gravity waves during a major stratospheric sudden warming as characterized in WACCM

The whole atmosphere response to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field from 1900 to 2000

Toward a Physically Based Gravity Wave Source Parameterization in a General Circulation Model

Variability of African Easterly Wave Structures- Presentation

Vortex Preconditioning due to Planetary and Gravity Waves prior to Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

Why do Earth's equatorial waves head east?

 

Greenhouse Gases:

A real-time Global Warming Index

 

Greenland Ice Sheet/Climate:

Atmospheric summer teleconnections and Greenland Ice Sheet surface mass variations: insights from MERRA-2

 

Gulf of Mexico:

Changes in the Spatial Patterns of Precipitation Bands in Tropical Cyclones During Landfall along the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Coasts of the U.S. - Poster Presentation

 

Gulf Stream (see also Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation - AMOC):

Effect of AMOC collapse on ENSO in a high resolution general circulation model

Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics

Gulf Stream Excursions and Sectional Detachments Generate the Decadal Pulses in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Observations, inferences, and mechanisms of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A review

Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability

Recent subsurface North Atlantic cooling trend in context of Atlantic decadal-to-multidecadal variability

 

Hail Storms:

An empirical model relating U.S. monthly hail occurrence to large‐scale meteorological environment

An Objective High-Resolution Hail Climatology of the Contiguous United States

ENSO‐based probabilistic forecasts of March–May U.S. tornado and hail activity

Identifying, Observing, and Forecasting Thunderstorms Producing Deep Surface Hail Accumulations

Influence of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on tornado and hail frequency in the United States

Intraseasonal Variability of Hail in the Contiguous United States: Relationship to the Madden–Julian Oscillation

Properties of hail storms over China and the United States from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

The changing hail threat over North America in response to anthropogenic climate change

The Characteristics of United States Hail Reports: 1955-2014

The frequency of large hail over the contiguous United States

The Relationship between the Madden–Julian Oscillation and U.S. Violent Tornado Outbreaks in the Spring

Toward a Global Climatology of Severe Hailstorms as Estimated by Satellite Passive Microwave Imagers

U.S. Hail Frequency and the Global Wind Oscillation

 

Heat Waves:

Impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability on North American Summer Climate and Heat Waves

Probability of US heat waves affected by a sub-seasonal planetary wave pattern

 

History (of a teleconnection + very early papers):

34 Years of Atlantic Basin Seasonal Hurricane Forecasts - Presentation

An Essay on the General Circulation of the Earth's Atmosphere (1947)

Antarctica Since The IGY (International Geophysical Year)

Dynamic coupling of the stratosphere with the troposphere and sudden stratospheric warmings

On The Transfer Of Energy In Stationery Mountain Waves (1960)

Relation between variations in the intensity of the zonal circulation of the atmosphere and the displacements of the semi-permanent centers of action

The layer of frictional influence in wind and ocean currents [1935]

Tropical Cyclones Of The North Atlantic Ocean, 1851 – 2006

Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean Tracks and Frequencies of Hurricanes and Tropical Storms, 1871-1963

 

Hurricanes:

2017 Atlantic Hurricane Forecasts From a High-Resolution Version of the GFDL fvGFS Model: Evaluation of Track, Intensity, and Structure

34 Years of Atlantic Basin Seasonal Hurricane Forecasts - Presentation

About the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO)

Absolute and Convective Instability of the African Easterly Jet

A Climatological Relationship between MJO/ENSO Phases & Tropical Cyclone Interactions with Saharan Dust Storms across the Tropical Atlantic Basin

African Easterly Waves - An Educational Guide

African Easterly Wave Climatology Document - Dataset Information +++

African Easterly Wave Variability and Its Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity

A Hypothesis for the Intensification of Tropical Cyclones under Moderate Vertical Wind Shear - Presentation

Analysis of African Easterly Wave Structures and Their Role in Influencing Tropical Cyclogenesis

Analysis of Strengthening and Dissipating Mesoscale Convective Systems Propagating off the West African Coast

Analyzing the influences of two types of El Niño on tropical cyclone genesis with a modified genesis potential index

An Investigation of the Formation of Hurricane Patricia (2015) - Presentation

Are Multiple Tropical Cyclone Events Similar among Basins?

A satellite analysis of mid-tropopsheric humidity and its impact on tropical cyclone genesis and intensification - Presentation

A Sensitivity Study of the Thermodynamic Environment on GFDL Model Hurricane Intensity: Implications for Global Warming

A Synoptic Model for African Easterly Waves - Presentation

Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) - NOAA Data

Case study analysis of easterly wave formation in the East Pacific - Poster Presentation

Case Study of an Intense African Easterly Wave

Changes in the Spatial Patterns of Precipitation Bands in Tropical Cyclones During Landfall along the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Coasts of the U.S. - Poster Presentation

Characteristics of African easterly waves associated with tropical cyclogenesis in the Cape Verde Islands region in July–September 2004–2008

Characteristics of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification in Environments of Upper-Tropospheric Troughs - Presentation

Characterization of convective systems and their association with African easterly waves

Characterizing the Variations of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Motion - Presentation

Climate Factors Causing the Extremely Active 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season - Presentation

Climate impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation simulated in the CMIP5 models: A re‐evaluation based on a revised index

Convective Adjustment, Gravity Waves and Diurnal Regulation of Tropical Cyclogenesis - Presentation

Convective Cold Pool Responses to Changes in Sea-Surface Temperature - Presentation

Convective Evolution during Tropical Cyclone Formation – Revisiting Zehr (1992) - Presentation

Co-variability of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and the eastern North Pacific

Dependence of MJO Phase Speed on Background Flow - Presentation

Diabatic Rossby Waves as a Model for Convectively Coupled African Easterly Waves - Presentation

Direct and indirect impacts of Saharan dust acting as cloud condensation nuclei on tropical cyclone eyewall development

Distinguishing Developing Versus Non-Developing African Easterly Waves Using Adaptive Observational Strategies

Does Cooler Air Near the Top of the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) Play a Role in Hurricane Intensity Change during Hurricane-SAL Interactions? - Presentation

Do West African thunderstorms predict the intensity of Atlantic hurricanes?

Dominant Role of Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation in the Recent Decadal Changes in Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity

Dry Air, Midlevel Flow, and the Persistence of Deep Convection in Atlantic Tropical Disturbances - Presentation

Eastern Pacific tropical cyclones intensified by El Niño delivery of subsurface ocean heat

Effect of Sea-Surface Temperature and Ambient Moisture on the Formation and Predictability of Tropical Cyclones Under Vertical Wind Shear: An Ensemble Predictability Perspective - Presentation

Effect of remote sea surface temperature change on tropical cyclone potential intensity

Effects of Saharan Dust on the Linear Dynamics of African Easterly Waves

Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics

Energy Transformation & Diabatic Processes in Developing & Nondeveloping African Easterly Waves Observed during the NAMMA Project of 2006

ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnection, and Impacts - Workshop

Evolution of Environmental Characteristics in Rapidly and Slowly Intensifying Tropical Cyclones in North Atlantic & Eastern North Pacific - Presentation

Evolution of Precipitation in Easterly Wave Critical Layers during Tropical Cylogenesis as Observed in TRMM Data - Presentation

Examining Tropical Cyclone–Kelvin Wave Interactions Using Adjoint Diagnostics

Genesis of Tropical Storm Debby (2006) within an African Easterly Wave: Roles of the Bottom-Up and Midlevel Pouch Processes

Global Warming and Hurricanes

Have Increases in CO2 Contributed to the Recent Large Upswing in Atlantic Basin Major Hurricanes Since 1995?

How are Hurricanes Different from Tornadoes

How Does the Diurnal Radiative Heating Cycle Impact the Genesis and Intensification of Tropical Cyclones? - Presentation

How Do Hurricanes Spawn Tornadoes?

How Global Warming and Arctic Ice melt Intensify Hurricanes - YouTube Presentation

How Unusual was the 2005 Hurricane Season in the Atlantic? A Multi-Model Analysis - Presentation

Hurricane Matthew: An Ideal Setup for Catastrophic Flooding in Central North Carolina

Hurricane Structure

Impact of Saharan Dust Aerosols on Convections over the Tropical East Atlantic Ocean - Presentation

Impact of Shifting Patterns of Pacific Ocean Warming on North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones

Impact of the Boreal Summer Quasi-biweekly Oscillation on Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity - Presentation

Impacts of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on Environmental Conditions for Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis

Impacts of Diurnal Radiation Cycle on Secondary Eyewall Formation

Impacts of El Niño and La Niña on the hurricane season

Impacts of non‐canonical El Niño patterns on Atlantic hurricane activity

Improving The Saffir-Simpson Scale and Our Response to Hurricanes

Increasing Magnitude of Hurricane Rapid Intensification in the Central and Eastern Tropical Atlantic

Instabilities of Radiative Convective Equilibrium with an Interactive Surface - Presentation

Interactions of Diabatic Heating in Convective Superbursts with Energy Conversion Processes in the Genesis of Cape Verde Hurricanes from AEWs

Interaction of Kelvin and Easterly Waves Over the Atlantic and Implications for Tropical Cyclogenesis - Presentation

Internal processes within the African Easterly Wave system

Intrabasin Variability of East Pacific Tropical Cyclones During ENSO Regulated by Central American Gap Winds

Intraseasonal Tropical Cyclogenesis Prediction in a Global Coupled Model System

Investigating The Origin of African Easterly Waves - Presentation

Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis: A Global Survey

Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework - Presentation

Large-Scale Atmospheric Forcing of Vertical Wind Shear in the Tropics - Poster Presentation

Leading Tropical Modes Associated with Interannual and Multidecadal Fluctuations in North Atlantic Hurricane Activity

Linking African Easterly Wave Activity with Equatorial Waves and the Influence of Rossby Waves from the Southern Hemisphere

Long term changes in flooding and heavy rainfall associated with North Atlantic tropical cyclones: Roles of the North Atlantic Oscillation and ENSO

Low-Level African Easterly Wave Activity and Its Relation to Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis in 2001

Mechanisms of African Easterly Wave Genesis - Presentation

Migration of the Lifetime Maximum Intensity of Tropical Cyclones: Relation to Maximum Wind Speeds - Presentation

Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics

NOAA's Recent Improvements in Storm Surge Forecasts and Warnings - Presentation

On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation

On the Influence of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on African Easterly waves - Presentation

On Maximum Potential Intensification Rate (MPIR) of a Tropical Cyclone: An Observational Perspective - Presentation

On the Non-development of a Strong African Easterly Wave: Investigating Ensemble Forecasts and In-situ Observations - Presentation

On the Potential Causes of the Nonstationary Correlations between West African Precipitation and Atlantic Hurricane Activity

Patterns of North Atlantic Decadal Variability and Hurricane Intensity Change - Presentation

Predictive Skill and Predictability of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis in Different Synoptic Flow Regimes - Presentation

Projected changes in African easterly wave intensity and track in response to greenhouse forcing

Relationship between Tropical Cyclone Genesis in Main Development Region & Seasonal Tropical Cyclone Activity in Atlantic Basin - Poster Presentation

Revisiting the 26.5°C Sea Surface Temperature Threshold for Tropical Cyclone Development

Revisiting the connection between African Easterly Waves and Atlantic tropical cyclogenesis

Saharan Dust and the Nonlinear Evolution of the African Easterly Jet–African Easterly Wave System - Presentation

Sea Spray Transport Intensifying Tropical Cyclones - Presentation

Simulations of the West African Monsoon with a Superparameterized Climate Model. Part II: African Easterly Waves

Subcritical Destabilization of African Easterly Waves by Saharan Mineral Dust

The 2018 hurricane season could be as busy as the 2017 season

The Atlantic Meridional Mode and hurricane activity

The Challenge of Classifying Propagating Synoptic Disturbances in the African Tropics – Examples from the DACCIWA Field Campaign - Presentation

The Climatological Effect of Saharan Dust on Global Tropical Cyclones in a Fully Coupled GCM - Paper and Presentation

The Dynamics of ENSO–Atlantic Hurricane Teleconnection: ENSO-Related Changes to N African–Asian Jet Affect Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclogenesis

The Effects of Initial Vortex Size on Tropical Cyclogenesis and Intensification - Presentation

The Extreme Intensification and Predictability of 2015's Hurricane Patricia - Presentation

The Genesis of African Easterly Waves by Upstream Development

The impact of Saharan dust on the intensity of Hurricane Nadine (2012) during HS3 - Presentation

The impacts of Saharan dust on cloud microphysical & radiative processes in Hurricane Nadine (2012) during HS3 - Presentation

The Importance of Critical Layer in Differentiating Developing from Nondeveloping Easterly Waves

The Influence of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Caribbean Tropical Cyclone Activity

The Influence of the MJO on Upstream Precursors to African Easterly Waves

The Influence of the Upper-Level Environmental Flow on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity Predictability - Presentation

The Inner-Core Temperature Structure of Hurricane Edouard (2014): Observations and Ensemble Variability

The Interaction between Deep Convection and Easterly Wave Activity over Africa: Convective Transitions and Mechanisms

The interannual variability of hurricane activity in the Atlantic and East Pacific RegionsThe Intraseasonal Variability of African Easterly Wave Energetics

The Madden-Julian Oscillation's Influence on Continental U.S. Hurricane Landfalls - Presentation

The Myth That Tropical Cyclones Cannot Form Near the Equator - Presentation

The relation between dry vortex merger and tropical cyclone genesis over the Atlantic Ocean

The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Paper

The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Presentation

The role of Atlantic overturning circulation in the recent decline of Atlantic major hurricane frequency

The Seasonality of Tropical Cyclone Maximum Intensity in the North Atlantic and Western Pacific Regions - Poster Presentation

The Virtual Effect of Water Vapor Helps Shape Basic Features of Convective Self-Aggregation - Presentation

Three-Dimensional Structure of African Easterly Waves based on Empirical Orthogonal Functions - Presentation

Trains of African Easterly Waves and Their Relationship to Tropical Cyclone Genesis in the Eastern Atlantic

Tropical cyclogenesis in a tropical wave critical layer: easterly waves

Tropical Cyclone Intensity Change under the Influence of Upper-level Troughs in Idealized Simulations - Presentation

Tropical Cyclones Of The North Atlantic Ocean, 1851 – 2006

Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean Tracks and Frequencies of Hurricanes and Tropical Storms, 1871-1963

Tropical Storm Development from African Easterly Waves in the Eastern Atlantic: A Comparison of Two Successive Waves Using a Regional Model as Part of NASA AMMA 2006

Understanding African easterly waves: a moist singular vector approach

Upper-Level Troughs, Jet Streaks, and TCs: An Objective Climatology and Features Associated with Rapid TC Intensity Change - Presentation

Upper-Tropospheric Static Stability in Tropical Cyclones: Observations and Modeling

Variability of African Easterly Wave Structures- Presentation

Variability of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Weakening on a Global Scale - Presentation

West African Storm Tracks and Their Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclones

What is an African Easterly Wave ?

 

Hydrology, Hydrological Change, Hydrologicial Cycle:

Analyzing the combined influence of solar activity and El Niño on streamflow across southern Canada

 

Ice Core:

Reconstruction of autumn sea ice extent changes since AD1289 in the Barents-Kara Sea, Arctic

 

Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD):

Causes and Predictability of the Negative Indian Ocean Dipole and Its Impact on La Niña During 2016

El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation

Indian Ocean Dipole, Meaning, Definition and Explanation - YouTube Presentation

Indian Ocean Dipole Modes Associated with Different Types of ENSO Development

Influence of the Indian Ocean Dipole on the Southern Oscillation

Interaction Between the Indian Ocean Dipole and ENSO Associated with Ocean Subsurface Variability - Presentation

The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño

The interaction between the Western Indian Ocean and ENSO in CESM

Understanding the Impacts of the Indian Ocean on ENSO Variability in a Coupled GCM

Understanding the IOD - YouTube Presentation

 

Interannual Variability:

Increased Variability in the Early Winter Subarctic North American Atmospheric Circulation

 

Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) - see also Pacific Multi-decadal Oscillation (PMO):  

Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities

ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnection, and Impacts - Workshop

 

Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ):

Atmospheric Dynamics Feedback: Concept, Simulations, and Climate Implications

Energetic Constraints on the Width of the Intertropical Convergence Zone

Observations of Coupling between Surface Wind Stress and Sea Surface Temperature in the Eastern Tropical Pacific

 

Ionosphere:

Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings

 

Jet Streaks:

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

Upper-Level Troughs, Jet Streaks, and TCs: An Objective Climatology and Features Associated with Rapid TC Intensity Change - Presentation

 

Jet Stream (JET):

Analysis of the variability of the North Atlantic eddy-driven jet stream in CMIP5

Baroclinic-to-Barotropic Pathway in ENSO Teleconnections from the Viewpoint of a Barotropic Rossby Wave Source

Changes in meandering of the Northern Hemisphere circulation

Characterization of convective systems and their association with African easterly waves

Dependence of MJO Phase Speed on Background Flow - Presentation

Distinct impacts of the Mongolian and Tibetan Plateaus on the evolution of the East Asian monsoon

Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability

Effects of the Tibetan Plateau. A chapter in the book "The Asian Monsoon"

Evidence for a wavier jet stream in response to rapid Arctic warming

Fast and Slow Components of the Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to CO2 Forcing

How Global Warming and Arctic Ice melt Intensify Hurricanes - YouTube Presentation

Impact of Mongolian Plateau versus Tibetan Plateau on the westerly jet over North Pacific Ocean

Improving weather forecasts via impacts of turbulent orographic form and small-scale orographic gravity wave drag on boundary layers

Modulation of the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Flow and Extreme Events By the Madden-Julian Oscillation - Presentation

Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation

North Atlantic winter eddy-driven jet & atmospheric blocking variability in the Community Earth System Model version 1 Large Ensemble simulations

On the Influence of the Earth's Orography on the General Character of the Westerlies

Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau

Response of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks to projected future warming

Rossby wavepacket propagation in a zonally-varying basic flow

Seasonal and Regional Variations of Long-Term Changes in Upper-Tropospheric Jets from Reanalyses

Southern Hemisphere summertime Rossby waves and weather in the Australian region

The Circulation of the High Troposphere over China in the Winter of 1945–46

The Influence of the MJO on Upstream Precursors to African Easterly Waves

The Influence of the Upper-Level Environmental Flow on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity Predictability - Presentation

The Intraseasonal Variability of African Easterly Wave Energetics

The Karakoram/Western Tibetan vortex: seasonal and year-to-year variability

The MJO‐SSW Teleconnection: Interaction Between MJO‐Forced Waves and the Midlatitude Jet

The Role of Zonal Asymmetry in the Enhancement and Suppression of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Variability by the Madden–Julian Oscillation

Variability of the African Easterly Jet and Its Influence on Easterly Waves - Poster Presentation

What Does "Invest" Mean With Tropical Weather?

 

Kelvin Waves:

A Review of ENSO Theories

Circumglobal Propagation of Successive MJO Events in MERRA-2 - Presentation

Climate science in the tropics: waves, vortices and PDEs

Examining Tropical Cyclone–Kelvin Wave Interactions Using Adjoint Diagnostics

Impacts of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on Environmental Conditions for Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis

Impact of interactive westerly wind bursts on CCSM3

Interaction of Kelvin and Easterly Waves Over the Atlantic and Implications for Tropical Cyclogenesis - Presentation

Kelvin Waves - A Learner's Guide

Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis: A Global Survey

Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework - Presentation

Multiscale Structure of the Slow Kelvin Waves That Make up the MJO - Presentation

On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation

On the Influence of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on African Easterly waves - Presentation

Why do Earth's equatorial waves head east?

 

La Nina:

A Theory for Polar Amplification from a General Circulation Perspective

Are there two types of La Nina?

Both air-sea components are crucial for El Niño forecast from boreal spring

Causes and Predictability of the Negative Indian Ocean Dipole and Its Impact on La Niña During 2016

Changes in Frequency of Major Stratospheric Sudden Warmings with El Niño/Southern Oscillation and Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Eastern Pacific tropical cyclones intensified by El Niño delivery of subsurface ocean heat

El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation

El Niño, La Niña, and stratospheric sudden warmings: A reevaluation in light of the observational record

El Niño and La Niña Years and Intensities - Charts from 1950 to date

El Niño/Southern Oscillation behaviour since 1871 as diagnosed in an extended multivariate ENSO index (MEI.ext)

ENSO Amplitude Modulation Associated with the Mean SST Changes in the Tropical Central Pacific Induced by Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

ENSO‐based probabilistic forecasts of March–May U.S. tornado and hail activity

ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnection, and Impacts - Workshop

Global Warming and ENSO – A “Helter-Skelter” Atmosphere

Historical El Nino and La Nina Episodes - from 1950 to date

Influence of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on tornado and hail frequency in the United States

Intrabasin Variability of East Pacific Tropical Cyclones During ENSO Regulated by Central American Gap Winds

Is There Evidence of Changes in Tropical Atlantic Variability Modes under AMO Phases in the Observational Record?

Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics

Multivariate ENSO Index - NOAA homepage

On the 60-month cycle of multivariate ENSO index

On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking

Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations

Revisiting the ENSO–SSW Relationship

Sea surface temperature in the north tropical Atlantic as a trigger for El Niño/Southern Oscillation events

Seasonal predictability of winter ENSO types in operational dynamical model predictions

Separating the stratospheric and tropospheric pathways of El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnections

The 2018 hurricane season could be as busy as the 2017 season

The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño

The Distinct Contributions of the Seasonal Footprinting and Charged‐Discharged Mechanisms to ENSO Complexity

The Influence of El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Caribbean Tropical Cyclone Activity

The Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to ENSO: How Well Do We Know It and How Do We Evaluate Models Accordingly?

Timing of subsurface heat magnitude for the growth of El Niño events

 

Last Millennium Reanalysis (LMR):

Insights into Atlantic multidecadal variability using the Last Millennium Reanalysis framework

 

Learner's Guides:

See under educational papers

 

Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO): 

A Climatological Relationship between MJO/ENSO Phases & Tropical Cyclone Interactions with Saharan Dust Storms across the Tropical Atlantic Basin

A Climatology of Central American Gyres

African Easterly Waves - An Educational Guide

A Madden‐Julian Oscillation event remotely accelerates ocean upwelling to abruptly terminate the 1997/1998 super El Niño

An All-Season Real-Time Multivariate MJO Index: Development of an Index for Monitoring and Prediction

Are Multiple Tropical Cyclone Events Similar among Basins?

A Review of ENSO Theories

Assessing the Relationship between MJO and Equatorial Pacific WWBs in Observations and CMIP5 Models

A Synoptic–Dynamic Model of Subseasonal Atmospheric Variability

A Theory for Polar Amplification from a General Circulation Perspective

Atmospheric and surface variations during westerly wind bursts in the tropical western Pacific

Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques

Circulation Anomalies Associated with Tropical Convection during Northern Winter

Circulation Response to Fast and Slow MJO Episodes

Circumglobal Propagation of Successive MJO Events in MERRA-2 - Presentation

Climate science in the tropics: waves, vortices and PDEs

Dependence of MJO Phase Speed on Background Flow - Presentation

Effect of Madden–Julian Oscillation Occurrence Frequency on the Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Wave Activity in Winter

Examining Tropical Cyclone–Kelvin Wave Interactions Using Adjoint Diagnostics

Impact of Large-scale Climatic Oscillations on Snowfall-related Climate Parameters in the World's Major Downhill Ski Areas: A Review   

Impact of the Boreal Summer Quasi-biweekly Oscillation on Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity - Presentation 

Intraseasonal Tropical Cyclogenesis Prediction in a Global Coupled Model System

Intraseasonal Variability of Hail in the Contiguous United States: Relationship to the Madden–Julian Oscillation

Kelvin Waves - A Learner's Guide

Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis: A Global Survey

Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework - Presentation

Latitude–Height Structure of the Atmospheric Angular Momentum Cycle Associated with the Madden–Julian Oscillation

Learning All About the MJO  (An Educational Paper)

MJO Phase Speed and Blocking - Presentation

MJO‐Related Tropical Convection Anomalies Lead to More Accurate Stratospheric Vortex Variability in Sub-seasonal Forecast Models

Modulation of equatorial Pacific westerly/easterly wind events by the Madden–Julian oscillation and convectively‑coupled Rossby waves

Modulation of the Global Atmospheric Circulation by Combined Activity in the Madden–Julian Oscillation and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation during Boreal Winter

Modulation of the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Flow and Extreme Events By the Madden-Julian Oscillation - Presentation

More Frequent Sudden Stratospheric Warming Events due to Enhanced MJO Forcing Expected in a Warmer Climate

Mountain torques and atmospheric oscillations

Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability. Part I: Hemispheric Aspects

Multiscale Structure of the Slow Kelvin Waves That Make up the MJO - Presentation

Northern Hemisphere mid‐winter vortex‐displacement and vortex‐split stratospheric sudden warmings: Influence of the Madden‐Julian Oscillation and Quasi‐Biennial Oscillation

Observed Changes in the Lifetime and Amplitude of the MJO Associated with Interannual ENSO Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies

Observed connection between stratospheric sudden warmings and the Madden-Julian Oscillation

Ocean Rossby waves as a triggering mechanism for primary Madden-Julian events

Planetary Scale Intraseasonal Disturbances - Presentation

Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation

Relationship Between Phase of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) and MJO Propagation Through the Maritime Continent - Presentation

Stochastic and oscillatory forcing of global atmospheric angular momentum

Stratospheric Control of the Madden–Julian Oscillation

Studies of atmospheric angular momentum

Subseasonal Forecasts of Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves and the MJO: Activity and Predictive Skill

The atmospheric angular momentum cycle during the tropical Madden-Julian Oscillation

The Challenge of Classifying Propagating Synoptic Disturbances in the African Tropics – Examples from the DACCIWA Field Campaign - Presentation

The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations

The Influence of the MJO on Upstream Precursors to African Easterly Waves

The intraseasonal atmospheric angular momentum associated with MJO convective initiations

The Intraseasonal Variability of African Easterly Wave Energetics

The Madden-Julian Oscillation and Mean Global Easterly Winds - Presentation

The Madden-Julian Oscillation's Influence on Continental U.S. Hurricane Landfalls - Presentation

The MJO‐SSW Teleconnection: Interaction Between MJO‐Forced Waves and the Midlatitude Jet

The Relationship between the Madden–Julian Oscillation and U.S. Violent Tornado Outbreaks in the Spring

The Role of Zonal Asymmetry in the Enhancement and Suppression of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Variability by the Madden–Julian Oscillation

The tropical Madden-Julian oscillation and the global wind oscillation

Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection

Variability of central United States April–May tornado day likelihood by phase of the Madden‐Julian Oscillation

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?      (A YouTube Presentation)

What is the MJO, and why do we care?

Why do Earth's equatorial waves head east?

 

Magnetic Field (Earth's):

Sunspots and the Solar Max - What Exactly is a Sunspot?

The Influence of Solar System Oscillation on the Variability of the Total Solar Irradiance

The whole atmosphere response to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field from 1900 to 2000

 

Major Midwinter Warming (see under Sudden Stratospheric Warmings):

 

Meridional Circulation Index (MCI):

 

Mesosphere:

A climatology of polar winter stratopause warmings and associated planetary wave breaking 

A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings

Coupling of Stratospheric Warmings with Mesospheric Coolings in Observations and Simulations

Dynamical control of the mesosphere by gravity wave drag

Parameterized Gravity Wave Momentum Fluxes from Sources Related to Convection & Large-Scale Precipitation Processes in Global Atmosphere Model

Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation

Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings

Simulations of the Boreal Winter Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere With Meteorological Specifications in SD‐WACCM‐X

The whole atmosphere response to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field from 1900 to 2000

 

Mid-Tropospheric Humidty (re: Hurricane formation and development):

A satellite analysis of mid-tropopsheric humidity and its impact on tropical cyclone genesis and intensification - Presentation

Internal processes within the African Easterly Wave system

 

Mongolian Mountains (and Plateau):

Distinct impacts of the Mongolian and Tibetan Plateaus on the evolution of the East Asian monsoon

Impact of Mongolian Plateau versus Tibetan Plateau on the westerly jet over North Pacific Ocean

Impacts of the uplift of four mountain ranges on the arid climate and dust cycle of inland Asia

Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation

Orography and the Boreal Winter Stratosphere: the Importance of the Mongolian mountains

 

Monsoon (see Asian Monsoon):

 

Mountain Torque (MT):

A Dynamical Model of the Stratospheric Sudden Warming

A gentle stroll through EP (Eliassen & Palm) flux theory

Annual atmospheric torques: Processes and regional contributions

Atmospheric forcing mechanisms of polar motion

Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques

Dynamical control of the mesosphere by gravity wave drag

Dynamic coupling of the stratosphere with the troposphere and sudden stratospheric warmings

Effect of Yunnan–Guizhou Topography at the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau on the Indian Monsoon

Hindcasting the January 2009 Arctic Sudden Stratospheric Warming and Its Influence on the Arctic Oscillation with Unified Parameterization of Orographic Drag in NOGAPS. Part I: Extended-Range Stand-Alone Forecast

Impacts of the uplift of four mountain ranges on the arid climate and dust cycle of inland Asia

Improving weather forecasts via impacts of turbulent orographic form and small-scale orographic gravity wave drag on boundary layers

Isentropic Pressure and Mountain Torques

Mountains, the Global Frictional Torque, and the Circulation over the Pacific–North American Region

Mountain torques and atmospheric oscillations

Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability. Part I: Hemispheric Aspects

Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability.Part II: Regional Aspects

Mountain Torque Events at the Tibetan Plateau

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

On the Influence of the Earth's Orography on the General Character of the Westerlies

On the Three-Dimensional Propagation of Stationary Waves

On The Transfer Of Energy In Stationery Mountain Waves

Orography and the Boreal Winter Stratosphere: the Importance of the Mongolian mountains

Regional Sources of Mountain Torque Variability and High-Frequency Fluctuations in Atmospheric Angular Momentum

Relation between variations in the intensity of the zonal circulation of the atmosphere and the displacements of the semi-permanent centers of action

Stochastic and oscillatory forcing of global atmospheric angular momentum

Studies of atmospheric angular momentum

The atmospheric angular momentum cycle during the tropical Madden-Julian Oscillation

The Circulation of the High Troposphere over China in the Winter of 1945–46

The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations

The Effects of Mountains on the General Circulation of the Atmosphere as Identified by Numerical Experiments

The physics of orographic gravity wave drag

The Role of Mountains in the Angular Momentum Balance of the Atmosphere

The Angular Momentum Budget of the Transformed Eulerian Mean Equations

The tropical Madden-Julian oscillation and the global wind oscillation

Topographic Instability: Tests

Torques and the Related Meridional and Vertical Fluxes of Axial Angular Momentum

Uncertainty analysis of atmospheric friction torque on the solid Earth

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?            (A YouTube Presentation)

Where is ENSO stress balanced?

 

Mountain Waves:

A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

On The Transfer Of Energy In Stationery Mountain Waves

 

Multi-decadal Variability:

Multi‐decadal variability of sudden stratospheric warmings in an AOGCM

Stratospheric role in interdecadal changes of El Niño impacts over Europe

 

FOR PART 2 OF THIS INDEX FOR THE N TO Z TITLES JUST SCROLL DOWN TO THE NEXT PAGE

 

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 INDEX TO PAPERS AND PRESENTATIONS - PART 2:  N TO Z

 

This index is proving to be the most popular way to find papers. Please note that there is a method to find papers or presentations under a very specific topic which is to use the tag search facility. This will produce a list of all the papers which have been allocated with that tag. Full instructions plus a tag list are all shown in the  User Guide  (just click on the words for a direct link).

 

How to Use This Index:

All the topic headings are in alphabetical order. Then the tag allocated to each heading is shown afterwards if an abbreviated form is used - many tags contain the full topic heading. The titles of every paper or article are shown under each topic heading and these are also in alphabetical order. Just click on the title and it will take you straight to an abstract or summary of the paper. From there you can decide if you wish to use the link to read the full paper or presentation 

 

North American Circulation and Climate:

A robust empirical seasonal prediction of winter NAO and surface climate

Atlantic Multidecadal Variability as a Modulator of Precipitation Variability in the Southwest United States

Climate Factors Causing the Extremely Active 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season - Presentation

How Predictable Are the Arctic and North Atlantic Oscillations? Exploring the Variability and Predictability of the Northern Hemisphere

Increased Variability in the Early Winter Subarctic North American Atmospheric Circulation

Near-term Climate Predictions of the North Atlantic Region - YouTube Presentation

Probability of US heat waves affected by a sub-seasonal planetary wave pattern

Projected SSTs over the 21st century: Changes in the mean, variability and extremes for large marine ecosystem regions of Northern Oceans

Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability

Skillful long‐range prediction of European and North American winters

The Madden-Julian Oscillation's Influence on Continental U.S. Hurricane Landfalls - Presentation


North American Mountain Torque (NAMT):

Annual atmospheric torques: Processes and regional contributions

Improving weather forecasts via impacts of turbulent orographic form and small-scale orographic gravity wave drag on boundary layers

Mountains, the Global Frictional Torque, and the Circulation over the Pacific–North American Region

Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability.Part II: Regional Aspects

On the Influence of the Earth's Orography on the General Character of the Westerlies

Regional Sources of Mountain Torque Variability and High-Frequency Fluctuations in Atmospheric Angular Momentum

The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations

The Effects of Mountains on the General Circulation of the Atmosphere as Identified by Numerical Experiments

 

Northern Annular Mode (NAM):

Contributions of Ice Thickness to the Atmospheric Response From Projected Arctic Sea Ice Loss

Defining Sudden Stratospheric Warming in Climate Models: Accounting for Biases in Model Climatologies

Enhanced Stratosphere/Troposphere Coupling During Extreme Warm Stratospheric Events with Strong Polar-Night Jet Oscillation

Mechanisms Governing Interannual Variability of Stratosphere‐to‐Troposphere Ozone Transport

Planetary‐scale wave activity as a source of varying tropospheric response to stratospheric sudden warming events: A case study

Role of Finite-Amplitude Eddies and Mixing in the Life Cycle of Stratospheric Sudden Warmings

Some Observed Features of Stratosphere-Troposphere Coupling - Lecture
The association between stratospheric weak polar vortex events and cold air outbreaks in the Northern Hemisphere

Upward Wave Activity Flux as a Precursor to Extreme Stratospheric Events and Subsequent Anomalous Surface Weather Regimes

 

North Atlantic (circulation, patterns, variability and subpolar north atlantic):

Analysis of the variability of the North Atlantic eddy-driven jet stream in CMIP5

North Atlantic winter eddy-driven jet & atmospheric blocking variability in the Community Earth System Model version 1 Large Ensemble simulations

Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability

 

North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO):

A last millennium perspective on North Atlantic variability: exploiting synergies between models and proxy data

A robust empirical seasonal prediction of winter NAO and surface climate

A Synoptic–Dynamic Model of Subseasonal Atmospheric Variability

Atmospheric summer teleconnections and Greenland Ice Sheet surface mass variations: insights from MERRA-2

Circulation Response to Fast and Slow MJO Episodes

Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era

Consequences of Arctic Amplification: Role of the Stratosphere - A Discussion

Contributions of Ice Thickness to the Atmospheric Response From Projected Arctic Sea Ice Loss

Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities

Drivers of North Atlantic Polar Front jet stream variability

Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review

Gulf Stream Excursions and Sectional Detachments Generate the Decadal Pulses in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

How Predictable Are the Arctic and North Atlantic Oscillations? Exploring the Variability and Predictability of the Northern Hemisphere

Impact of Large-scale Climatic Oscillations on Snowfall-related Climate Parameters in the World's Major Downhill Ski Areas: A Review

Influence of Arctic sea ice on the North Atlantic Oscillation

Influence of the sunspot cycle on the Northern Hemisphere wintertime circulation from long upper-air data sets

Interannual variability in the gravity wave drag – vertical coupling and possible climate links

Interdecadal variability of the ENSO–North Atlantic Oscillation connection in boreal summer

Intrinsic and atmospherically forced variability of the AMOC : insights from a large-ensemble ocean hindcast

Linking stratospheric circulation extremes and minimum Arctic sea ice extent

Long term changes in flooding and heavy rainfall associated with North Atlantic tropical cyclones: Roles of the North Atlantic Oscillation and ENSO

Major Cause of Unprecedented Arctic Warming in January 2016: Critical Role of an Atlantic Windstorm

Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability.Part II: Regional Aspects

Near-term Climate Predictions of the North Atlantic Region - YouTube Presentation

North Atlantic winter eddy-driven jet & atmospheric blocking variability in the Community Earth System Model version 1 Large Ensemble simulations

On the atmospheric response experiment to a Blue Arctic Ocean: Climate Response to Blue Arctic Ocean

Separating the stratospheric and tropospheric pathways of El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnections

Skillful long‐range prediction of European and North American winters

Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability

Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations

The association between stratospheric weak polar vortex events and cold air outbreaks in the Northern Hemisphere

The Central Role of Ocean Dynamics in Connecting the NAO to the Extratropical Component of the AMO

The dynamics of NAO teleconnection pattern growth and decay

The North Atlantic Oscillation - Learning Guide

Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection

Tropical rainfall, Rossby waves and regional winter climate predictions

Varying stratospheric responses to tropical Atlantic SST forcing from early to late winter

 

Northern Hemisphere Variability:

Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability. Part I: Hemispheric Aspects

Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability.Part II: Regional Aspects

 

North Pacific Index (NPI):

Impact of Large-scale Climatic Oscillations on Snowfall-related Climate Parameters in the World's Major Downhill Ski Areas: A Review

 

North Pacific Meridional Mode (NPMM):

Impact of the South and North Pacific Meridional Modes on ENSO: Observational Analysis and Comparison

 

North Pacific Oscillation (NPO):

Impact of the South and North Pacific Meridional Modes on ENSO: Observational Analysis and Comparison

Linking Emergence of the Central Pacific El Niño to the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

The role of South Pacific atmospheric variability in the development of different types of ENSO

The South Pacific Meridional Mode: A Mechanism for ENSO-like Variability

Triggering of El Niño onset through trade wind–induced charging of the equatorial Pacific

 

North Pacific Pattern (NPP):

Annual atmospheric torques: Processes and regional contributions

Impact of Mongolian Plateau versus Tibetan Plateau on the westerly jet over North Pacific Ocean

Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation

Mountain Torques and Northern Hemisphere Low-Frequency Variability.Part II: Regional Aspects

Rossby wave dynamics of the North Pacific extra-tropical response to El Nino: Importance of the basic state in coupled GCMs

 

North Pacific Trade Winds:

Triggering of El Niño onset through trade wind–induced charging of the equatorial Pacific

 

Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling:

Observations of Coupling between Surface Wind Stress and Sea Surface Temperature in the Eastern Tropical Pacific

Westerly Wind Events in the Tropical Pacific and their Influence on the Coupled Ocean‐Atmosphere System: A Review

 

Ocean Currents:

Ocean Currents and Climate - An Information Guide

 

Oceanic Nino Index (ONI):

El Niño and La Niña Years and Intensities - Charts from 1950 to date

 

Orography, Orographic Drag, Orographic Waves, (see also under Mountain Torque):

A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings

Dynamical control of the mesosphere by gravity wave drag

Effect of Yunnan–Guizhou Topography at the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau on the Indian Monsoon

Effects of Parameterized Orographic Drag on Weather Forecasting and Simulated Climatology Over East Asia During Boreal Summer

Effects of the Tibetan Plateau. A chapter in the book "The Asian Monsoon"

Gravity wave drag

Hindcasting the January 2009 Arctic Sudden Stratospheric Warming and Its Influence on the Arctic Oscillation with Unified Parameterization of Orographic Drag in NOGAPS. Part I: Extended-Range Stand-Alone Forecast

Improving weather forecasts via impacts of turbulent orographic form and small-scale orographic gravity wave drag on boundary layers

Interannual variability in the gravity wave drag – vertical coupling and possible climate links

Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

On the importance of gravity waves in the middle atmosphere and their parameterization in general circulation models

On the role of horizontal resolution over the Tibetan Plateau in the REMO regional climate model

Orography and the Boreal Winter Stratosphere: the Importance of the Mongolian mountains

The Influence of Mechanical and Thermal Forcing by the Tibetan Plateau on Asian Climate

The Karakoram/Western Tibetan vortex: seasonal and year-to-year variability

The physics of orographic gravity wave drag

Toward a Physically Based Gravity Wave Source Parameterization in a General Circulation Model

 

Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR): 

Circulation Anomalies Associated with Tropical Convection during Northern Winter

Circulation Response to Fast and Slow MJO Episodes

Extratropical Forcing of Tropical Pacific Convection during Northern Winter

Latitude–Height Structure of the Atmospheric Angular Momentum Cycle Associated with the Madden–Julian Oscillation

 

Ozone Transport and Ozone Depletion:

Mechanisms Governing Interannual Variability of Stratosphere‐to‐Troposphere Ozone Transport

 

Pacific Centennial Oscillation (PCO):

 

Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO):

A Theory for Polar Amplification from a General Circulation Perspective

Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities

Dominant Role of Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation in the Recent Decadal Changes in Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity

ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnection, and Impacts - Workshop

Influence of Arctic sea ice on the North Atlantic Oscillation

Interdecadal variability in pan-Pacific and global SST, revisited

Projecting North American Climate over the Next 50 Years: Uncertainty due to Internal Variability

Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations

Revisiting the Pacific Meridional Mode

Stratospheric role in interdecadal changes of El Niño impacts over Europe

The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño

The interannual variability of hurricane activity in the Atlantic and East Pacific Regions

The South Pacific Meridional Mode as a Thermally Driven Source of ENSO Amplitude Modulation and Uncertainty

 

Pacific Meridional Mode (PMM) - see also under North Pacific Meridional Mode (NPMM) and South Pacific Meridional Mode (SPMM):

Indian Ocean Dipole Modes Associated with Different Types of ENSO Development

Linking Emergence of the Central Pacific El Niño to the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics

Revisiting the Pacific Meridional Mode

The role of South Pacific atmospheric variability in the development of different types of ENSO

 

Pacific Multi-decadal Oscillation (PMO) - see also Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) :  

ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnection, and Impacts - Workshop

Interdecadal variability in pan-Pacific and global SST, revisited

 

Pacific North American (PNA):

Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era

Different ENSO teleconnections and their effects on the stratospheric polar vortex

Importance of Late Fall ENSO Teleconnection in the Euro-Atlantic Sector

Mechanisms Governing Interannual Variability of Stratosphere‐to‐Troposphere Ozone Transport

Mountains, the Global Frictional Torque, and the Circulation over the Pacific–North American Region

Mountain torques and atmospheric oscillations

Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Pathway of Different El Niño Flavors in Stratosphere-Resolving CMIP5 Models

Separating the stratospheric and tropospheric pathways of El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnections

The dynamics of NAO teleconnection pattern growth and decay

Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?      (A YouTube Presentation)

 

Pacific South American (PSA):

The Early 1990s Change in ENSO–PSA–SAM Relationships and Its Impact on Southern Hemisphere Climate

 

Paleoclimatology:

Reconstruction of autumn sea ice extent changes since AD1289 in the Barents-Kara Sea, Arctic

 

Planetary Waves (see also Rossby Waves):

A climatology of polar winter stratopause warmings and associated planetary wave breaking

A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings

A Dynamical Model of the Stratospheric Sudden Warming

Blocking high influence on the stratospheric variability through enhancement and suppression of upward planetary-wave propagation

Breaking planetary waves in the stratosphere

Changes in meandering of the Northern Hemisphere circulation

Comparing Extreme Heat Flux Events for Wavenumber 1 and 2

Coupling of Stratospheric Warmings with Mesospheric Coolings in Observations and Simulations

Dynamics of 2013 Sudden Stratospheric Warming event and its impact on cold weather over Eurasia: Role of planetary wave reflection

Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in mid-latitudes

Extraordinary Features of the Planetary Wave Propagation During the Boreal Winter 2013/2014 and the Zonal Wave Number Two Predominance

Impact of Mongolian Plateau versus Tibetan Plateau on the westerly jet over North Pacific Ocean

Improving weather forecasts via impacts of turbulent orographic form and small-scale orographic gravity wave drag on boundary layers

Influence of subtropical Rossby wave trains on planetary wave activity over Antarctica in September 2002

Internal wave coupling processes in Earth’s atmosphere

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

On the Influence of the Earth's Orography on the General Character of the Westerlies

On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking

Orography and the Boreal Winter Stratosphere: the Importance of the Mongolian mountains

Planetary‐scale wave activity as a source of varying tropospheric response to stratospheric sudden warming events: A case study

Probability of US heat waves affected by a sub-seasonal planetary wave pattern

Propagation of planetary‐scale disturbances from the lower into the upper atmosphere

Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau

Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings

Simulations of the Boreal Winter Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere With Meteorological Specifications in SD‐WACCM‐X

Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Sudden Stratospheric Warmings and Anomalous Upward Wave Activity Flux

The Brewer-Dobson Circulation

The Effects of Mountains on the General Circulation of the Atmosphere as Identified by Numerical Experiments

The impact of wave‐mean flow interaction on the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex after tropical volcanic eruptions

The Life Cycle of Northern Hemisphere Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere

The physics of orographic gravity wave drag

The preconditioning of major sudden stratospheric warmings

The Role of Zonal Asymmetry in the Enhancement and Suppression of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Variability by the Madden–Julian Oscillation

The roles of planetary and gravity waves during a major stratospheric sudden warming as characterized in WACCM

The stratospheric pathway for Arctic impacts on midlatitude climate

The whole atmosphere response to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field from 1900 to 2000

Toward a Physically Based Gravity Wave Source Parameterization in a General Circulation Model

Vortex Preconditioning due to Planetary and Gravity Waves prior to Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

What is a Rossby Wave? A Fact Sheet

What kind of stratospheric sudden warming propagates to the troposphere?

Why are Upward EP-Flux and Temperature Positively Skewed in the Stratosphere?

Zonal Phase Speed, Wave Propagation into the Stratosphere, and Atmospheric Blocking

 

Polar Vortex (PV):

Different ENSO teleconnections and their effects on the stratospheric polar vortex

Extratropical Atmospheric Predictability From the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation in Subseasonal Forecast Models

Nonlinearity of the combined warm ENSO and QBO effects on the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex in MAECHAM5 simulations

Orography and the Boreal Winter Stratosphere: the Importance of the Mongolian mountains

Rossby wavepacket propagation in a zonally-varying basic flow

Stratosphere-troposphere evolution during polar vortex intensification

The impact of wave‐mean flow interaction on the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex after tropical volcanic eruptions

Tropospheric Precursors and Stratospheric Warmings

What is the Polar Vortex and How Does it Influence Weather? - Essay

 

Polar Vortex Evolution, Intensification and Pre-conditioning:

Characterizing Stratospheric Polar Vortex Variability With Computer Vision Techniques

Stratosphere-troposphere evolution during polar vortex intensification

 

Quasi Biennial Oscillation (QBO):

Changes in Frequency of Major Stratospheric Sudden Warmings with El Niño/Southern Oscillation and Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Different ENSO teleconnections and their effects on the stratospheric polar vortex

Dynamics of the Disrupted 2015/16 Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Effects of stratospheric variability on El Niño teleconnections

Extratropical Atmospheric Predictability From the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation in Subseasonal Forecast Models

Influences of the 11-year sunspot cycle on the stratosphere – and the importance of the QBO

Interannual Modulation of Northern Hemisphere Winter Storm Tracks by the QBO

Interannual variability in the gravity wave drag – vertical coupling and possible climate links

Kelvin Waves - A Learner's Guide

Life cycle of the QBO-modulated 11-year solar cycle signals in the Northern Hemispheric winter

Modulation of the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Flow and Extreme Events By the Madden-Julian Oscillation - Presentation

Multi‐decadal variability of sudden stratospheric warmings in an AOGCM

Nonlinearity of the combined warm ENSO and QBO effects on the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex in MAECHAM5 simulations

Northern Hemisphere mid‐winter vortex‐displacement and vortex‐split stratospheric sudden warmings: Influence of the Madden‐Julian Oscillation and Quasi‐Biennial Oscillation

Parameterized Gravity Wave Momentum Fluxes from Sources Related to Convection & Large-Scale Precipitation Processes in Global Atmosphere Model

Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation

Relationship Between Phase of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) and MJO Propagation Through the Maritime Continent - Presentation

Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Solar and QBO Influences on the Timing of Stratospheric Sudden Warmings

Stratospheric Control of the Madden–Julian Oscillation

Sunspots, the QBO and the stratosphere in the North Polar Region – 20 years later

Surface impacts of the Quasi Biennial Oscillation

The Influence of the Solar Cycle and QBO on the Late-Winter Stratospheric Polar Vortex

To improve seasonal storm track forecasts, look to the tropical stratosphere

Tropospheric QBO-ENSO interactions and differences between the Atlantic and Pacific

Varying stratospheric responses to tropical Atlantic SST forcing from early to late winter

 

Quasi-Biweekly Oscillation:

Impact of the Boreal Summer Quasi-biweekly Oscillation on Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity - Presentation

 

Radiative Cooling:

Impacts of Diurnal Radiation Cycle on Secondary Eyewall Formation

 

Rapid Intensification of Tropical Storms and Hurricanes:

See under "Cyclogenesis and Rapid Intensification of Tropical Storms and Hurricanes"

 

Rapid Weakening (of Tropical Storms, Hurricanes and Tropical Cyclones):

The impact of Saharan dust on the intensity of Hurricane Nadine (2012) during HS3 - Presentation

Variability of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Weakening on a Global Scale - Presentation

 

Recurring Rossby Wave Train (see under Rossby Waves):

 

Rossby, Carl (discovered Rossby Waves in 1939):

The layer of frictional influence in wind and ocean currents [1935]

 

Rossby Waves (see also Planetary Waves):

Absolute and Convective Instability of the African Easterly Jet

African Easterly Waves - An Educational Guide

Are Multiple Tropical Cyclone Events Similar among Basins?

A Synoptic–Dynamic Model of Subseasonal Atmospheric Variability

A Theory for Polar Amplification from a General Circulation Perspective

Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques

Baroclinic-to-Barotropic Pathway in ENSO Teleconnections from the Viewpoint of a Barotropic Rossby Wave Source

Blocking high influence on the stratospheric variability through enhancement and suppression of upward planetary-wave propagation

Breaking planetary waves in the stratosphere

Case Study of an Intense African Easterly Wave

Changes in meandering of the Northern Hemisphere circulation

Characterization of convective systems and their association with African easterly waves

Circulation Anomalies Associated with Tropical Convection during Northern Winter

Circulation Response to Fast and Slow MJO Episodes

Climate science in the tropics: waves, vortices and PDEs

Defining Sudden Stratospheric Warming in Climate Models: Accounting for Biases in Model Climatologies

Diabatic Rossby Waves as a Model for Convectively Coupled African Easterly Waves - Presentation

Direct and indirect impacts of Saharan dust acting as cloud condensation nuclei on tropical cyclone eyewall development

Effect of Madden–Julian Oscillation Occurrence Frequency on the Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Wave Activity in Winter

Effects of stratospheric variability on El Niño teleconnections

Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in mid-latitudes

Extratropical Forcing of Tropical Pacific Convection during Northern Winter

Importance of Late Fall ENSO Teleconnection in the Euro-Atlantic Sector

Influence of subtropical Rossby wave trains on planetary wave activity over Antarctica in September 2002

Interdecadal variability of the ENSO–North Atlantic Oscillation connection in boreal summer

Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis: A Global Survey

Large-Scale Atmospheric Forcing of Vertical Wind Shear in the Tropics - Poster Presentation

Leading modes of tropical Pacific subsurface ocean temperature and associations with two types of El Niño

Linking African Easterly Wave Activity with Equatorial Waves and the Influence of Rossby Waves from the Southern Hemisphere

Major Cause of Unprecedented Arctic Warming in January 2016: Critical Role of an Atlantic Windstorm

MJO Phase Speed and Blocking - Presentation

Modulation of equatorial Pacific westerly/easterly wind events by the Madden–Julian oscillation and convectively‑coupled Rossby waves

Modulation of the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Flow and Extreme Events By the Madden-Julian Oscillation - Presentation

Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Pathway of Different El Niño Flavors in Stratosphere-Resolving CMIP5 Models

North Atlantic winter eddy-driven jet & atmospheric blocking variability in the Community Earth System Model version 1 Large Ensemble simulations

Ocean Rossby waves as a triggering mechanism for primary Madden-Julian events

On the Three-Dimensional Propagation of Stationary Waves

On The Transfer Of Energy In Stationery Mountain Waves

Planetary Scale Intraseasonal Disturbances - Presentation

Propagation of planetary‐scale disturbances from the lower into the upper atmosphere

Relation between variations in the intensity of the zonal circulation of the atmosphere and the displacements of the semi-permanent centers of action

Role of Finite-Amplitude Eddies and Mixing in the Life Cycle of Stratospheric Sudden Warmings

Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings

Rossby wave dynamics of the North Pacific extra-tropical response to El Nino: Importance of the basic state in coupled GCMs

Rossby wavepacket propagation in a zonally-varying basic flow

Rossby Wave Propagation into the Northern Hemisphere Stratosphere: The Role of Zonal Phase Speed

Separating the stratospheric and tropospheric pathways of El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnections

Southern Hemisphere summertime Rossby waves and weather in the Australian region

Stratosphere‐troposphere exchange

Subseasonal Forecasts of Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves and the MJO: Activity and Predictive Skill

Sudden Stratospheric Warming: Causes & Effects

The atmospheric angular momentum cycle during the tropical Madden-Julian Oscillation

The Brewer-Dobson Circulation

The Challenge of Classifying Propagating Synoptic Disturbances in the African Tropics – Examples from the DACCIWA Field Campaign - Presentation

The Dynamics of ENSO–Atlantic Hurricane Teleconnection: ENSO-Related Changes to N African–Asian Jet Affect Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclogenesis

The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations

The Genesis of African Easterly Waves by Upstream Development

The Importance of Critical Layer in Differentiating Developing from Nondeveloping Easterly Waves

The Influence of Mechanical and Thermal Forcing by the Tibetan Plateau on Asian Climate

The Influence of the MJO on Upstream Precursors to African Easterly Waves

The MJO‐SSW Teleconnection: Interaction Between MJO‐Forced Waves and the Midlatitude Jet

The physics of orographic gravity wave drag

The preconditioning of major sudden stratospheric warmings

The remote effect of the Tibetan Plateau on downstream flow in early summer

The roles of planetary and gravity waves during a major stratospheric sudden warming as characterized in WACCM

The Role of Downward Infrared Radiation in Arctic Amplification  - Presentation

Three Types of Synoptic Events and Their Associated Troposphere-Stratosphere Coupling

Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection

Topographic Instability: Tests

Torques and the Related Meridional and Vertical Fluxes of Axial Angular Momentum

Tropospheric Precursors and Stratospheric Warmings

Tropical cyclogenesis in a tropical wave critical layer: easterly waves

Tropical rainfall, Rossby waves and regional winter climate predictions

Tropospheric Rossby Wave Breaking and the SAM

Upward Wave Activity Flux as a Precursor to Extreme Stratospheric Events and Subsequent Anomalous Surface Weather Regimes

What is a Rossby Wave? A Fact Sheet

Variability of African Easterly Wave Structures- Presentation

Varying stratospheric responses to tropical Atlantic SST forcing from early to late winter

Vortex Preconditioning due to Planetary and Gravity Waves prior to Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

Zonal Phase Speed, Wave Propagation into the Stratosphere, and Atmospheric Blocking

 

Saharan Dust and Saharan Air Layer:

A Climatological Relationship between MJO/ENSO Phases & Tropical Cyclone Interactions with Saharan Dust Storms across the Tropical Atlantic Basin

Aerosol interactions with African/Atlantic climate dynamics

Analysis of Strengthening and Dissipating Mesoscale Convective Systems Propagating off the West African Coast

Climate science in the tropics: waves, vortices and PDEs

Direct and indirect impacts of Saharan dust acting as cloud condensation nuclei on tropical cyclone eyewall development

Distinguishing Developing Versus Non-Developing African Easterly Waves Using Adaptive Observational Strategies

Does Cooler Air Near the Top of the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) Play a Role in Hurricane Intensity Change during Hurricane-SAL Interactions? - Presentation

Dust induced changes on the West African summer monsoon features

Effects of Saharan Dust on the Linear Dynamics of African Easterly Waves

Impact of Saharan Dust Aerosols on Convections over the Tropical East Atlantic Ocean - Presentation

Projected changes in African easterly wave intensity and track in response to greenhouse forcing

Saharan Dust and the Nonlinear Evolution of the African Easterly Jet–African Easterly Wave System - Presentation

Subcritical Destabilization of African Easterly Waves by Saharan Mineral Dust

The Climatological Effect of Saharan Dust on Global Tropical Cyclones in a Fully Coupled GCM - Paper and Presentation

The impact of Saharan dust on the intensity of Hurricane Nadine (2012) during HS3 - Presentation

The impacts of Saharan dust on cloud microphysical & radiative processes in Hurricane Nadine (2012) during HS3 - Presentation

The relation between dry vortex merger and tropical cyclone genesis over the Atlantic Ocean

Tropical Storm Development from African Easterly Waves in the Eastern Atlantic: A Comparison of Two Successive Waves Using a Regional Model as Part of NASA AMMA 2006

 

Seasonal Forecasting:

Enhanced seasonal forecast skill following stratospheric sudden warmings

The frequency of large hail over the contiguous United States

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?

 

Seasonal Wavelengths:

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?            (A YouTube Presentation)

 

Sea Spray Transport - by tropical storms and hurricanes:

Sea Spray Transport Intensifying Tropical Cyclones - Presentation

 

Sea Surface Temperatures (SST):

34 Years of Atlantic Basin Seasonal Hurricane Forecasts - Presentation

African Easterly Waves - An Educational Guide

A real-time Global Warming Index

A Madden‐Julian Oscillation event remotely accelerates ocean upwelling to abruptly terminate the 1997/1998 super El Niño

Analysis of Strengthening and Dissipating Mesoscale Convective Systems Propagating off the West African Coast

Analyzing the combined influence of solar activity and El Niño on streamflow across southern Canada

An Investigation of the Formation of Hurricane Patricia (2015) - Presentation

Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records

A Synoptic Model for African Easterly Waves - Presentation

Atmospheric response to changes in Arctic sea ice thickness

Both air-sea components are crucial for El Niño forecast from boreal spring

Characterizing the Variations of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Motion - Presentation

Circulation Anomalies Associated with Tropical Convection during Northern Winter

Climate impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation simulated in the CMIP5 models: A re‐evaluation based on a revised index

Convective Cold Pool Responses to Changes in Sea-Surface Temperature - Presentation

Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability: Challenges and Opportunities

Dependence of MJO Phase Speed on Background Flow - Presentation

Dominant Role of Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation in the Recent Decadal Changes in Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity

Effect of AMOC collapse on ENSO in a high resolution general circulation model

Effect of remote sea surface temperature change on tropical cyclone potential intensity

Effect of Sea-Surface Temperature and Ambient Moisture on the Formation and Predictability of Tropical Cyclones Under Vertical Wind Shear: An Ensemble Predictability Perspective - Presentation

Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics

ENSO Amplitude Modulation Associated with the Mean SST Changes in the Tropical Central Pacific Induced by Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Evolution of Environmental Characteristics in Rapidly and Slowly Intensifying Tropical Cyclones in North Atlantic & Eastern North Pacific - Presentation

Fast and Slow Components of the Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to CO2 Forcing

Gulf Stream Excursions and Sectional Detachments Generate the Decadal Pulses in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

How Does the Diurnal Radiative Heating Cycle Impact the Genesis and Intensification of Tropical Cyclones? - Presentation

How Unusual was the 2005 Hurricane Season in the Atlantic? A Multi-Model Analysis - Presentation

Impact of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) on deriving anthropogenic warming rates from the instrumental temperature record

Impact of the South and North Pacific Meridional Modes on ENSO: Observational Analysis and Comparison

Impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability on North American Summer Climate and Heat Waves

Influence of Arctic sea ice on the North Atlantic Oscillation

Influence of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on tornado and hail frequency in the United States

Insights into Atlantic multidecadal variability using the Last Millennium Reanalysis framework

Instabilities of Radiative Convective Equilibrium with an Interactive Surface - Presentation

Interaction Between the Indian Ocean Dipole and ENSO Associated with Ocean Subsurface Variability - Presentation

Interdecadal variability in pan-Pacific and global SST, revisited

Intraseasonal Tropical Cyclogenesis Prediction in a Global Coupled Model System

Intrinsic and atmospherically forced variability of the AMOC : insights from a large-ensemble ocean hindcast

Is There Evidence of Changes in Tropical Atlantic Variability Modes under AMO Phases in the Observational Record?

Linking stratospheric circulation extremes and minimum Arctic sea ice extent

Linking Emergence of the Central Pacific El Niño to the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Major Cause of Unprecedented Arctic Warming in January 2016: Critical Role of an Atlantic Windstorm

Mechanisms Governing Interannual Variability of Stratosphere‐to‐Troposphere Ozone Transport

Modulation of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Atlantic Meridional Mode Article in Climate Dynamics

Nonlinearity of the combined warm ENSO and QBO effects on the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex in MAECHAM5 simulations

Observations, inferences, and mechanisms of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A review

Observations of Coupling between Surface Wind Stress and Sea Surface Temperature in the Eastern Tropical Pacific

Oceanic forcing of the interhemispheric SST dipole associated with the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

On Maximum Potential Intensification Rate (MPIR) of a Tropical Cyclone: An Observational Perspective - Presentation

On the Potential Causes of the Nonstationary Correlations between West African Precipitation and Atlantic Hurricane Activity

Patterns of North Atlantic Decadal Variability and Hurricane Intensity Change - Presentation

Predictability of SST-Modulated Westerly Wind Bursts

Projected SSTs over the 21st century: Changes in the mean, variability and extremes for large marine ecosystem regions of Northern Oceans

Quantifying the Dependence of Westerly Wind Bursts on the Large-Scale Tropical Pacific SST

Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability

Recent subsurface North Atlantic cooling trend in context of Atlantic decadal-to-multidecadal variability

Response of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks to projected future warming

Relationship between Tropical Pacific SST and global atmospheric angular momentum in coupled models

Revisiting the 26.5°C Sea Surface Temperature Threshold for Tropical Cyclone Development

Revisiting the Pacific Meridional Mode

Rossby wave dynamics of the North Pacific extra-tropical response to El Nino: Importance of the basic state in coupled GCMs

Seasonal predictability of winter ENSO types in operational dynamical model predictions

Sea surface temperature in the north tropical Atlantic as a trigger for El Niño/Southern Oscillation events

Stratospheric role in interdecadal changes of El Niño impacts over Europe

The AMO as a Driver of Multi-decadal ENSO Variability

The Central Role of Ocean Dynamics in Connecting the NAO to the Extratropical Component of the AMO

The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño

The Distinct Contributions of the Seasonal Footprinting and Charged‐Discharged Mechanisms to ENSO Complexity

The Extreme Intensification and Predictability of 2015's Hurricane Patricia - Presentation

The impact of the AMO on multidecadal ENSO variability

The impact of westerly wind bursts and ocean initial state on the development, and diversity of El Niño events

The Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Atmospheric Circulation Response to ENSO: How Well Do We Know It and How Do We Evaluate Models Accordingly?

The relative roles of structural uncertainty and internal variability in Antarctic climate change projections

The Response of the Southern Ocean and Antarctic Sea Ice to Freshwater from Ice Shelves in an Earth System Model

The role of Atlantic overturning circulation in the recent decline of Atlantic major hurricane frequency

The role of historical forcings in simulating the observed Atlantic multidecadal oscillation

The role of South Pacific atmospheric variability in the development of different types of ENSO

The South Pacific Meridional Mode: A Mechanism for ENSO-like Variability

Timing of subsurface heat magnitude for the growth of El Niño events

Trains of African Easterly Waves and Their Relationship to Tropical Cyclone Genesis in the Eastern Atlantic

Triggering of El Niño onset through trade wind–induced charging of the equatorial Pacific

Tropical Storm Development from African Easterly Waves in the Eastern Atlantic: A Comparison of Two Successive Waves Using a Regional Model as Part of NASA AMMA 2006

Underestimated AMOC Variability and Implications for AMV and Predictability in CMIP Models

Variability of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Weakening on a Global Scale - Presentation

Varying stratospheric responses to tropical Atlantic SST forcing from early to late winter

West African Storm Tracks and Their Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclones

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?             (A YouTube Presentation)

 

Siberian Snow Cover - including Eurasian Snow Cover:

Eurasian snow cover variability and links to winter climate in the CMIP5 models

Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

 

Snow Cover (in the Northern Hemisphere):

Snow-atmosphere coupling and its impact on temperature variability and extremes over North America

Snow–atmosphere coupling in the Northern Hemisphere

Snow–Atmosphere Coupling Strength. Part I: Effect of Model Biases

 

Solar Cycle (SC), Solar Oscillation and Grand Maxima  & Grand Minima:

Do trend extraction approaches affect causality detection in climate change studies?

Solar and QBO Influences on the Timing of Stratospheric Sudden Warmings

Sunspots and the Solar Max - What Exactly is a Sunspot?

Sunspots, the QBO and the stratosphere in the North Polar Region – 20 years later

The Influence of the Solar Cycle and QBO on the Late-Winter Stratospheric Polar Vortex

The Influence of Solar System Oscillation on the Variability of the Total Solar Irradiance

Transfer of the solar signal from the stratosphere to the troposphere: Northern Winter

 

Solar Heating and Impacts, Solar Variability, Solar Wind and Solar Flares:

A real-time Global Warming Index

Analyzing the combined influence of solar activity and El Niño on streamflow across southern Canada

Might dimming the sun change atmospheric ENSO teleconnections as we know them?

Ocean Currents and Climate - An Information Guide

Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings

Sunspots and ENSO relationship using Markov method

Sunspots and the Solar Max - What Exactly is a Sunspot?

The Influence of the Solar Cycle and QBO on the Late-Winter Stratospheric Polar Vortex

Why CO2 cools the middle atmosphere – a consolidating model perspective

 

Solar Insolation:

Impacts of Diurnal Radiation Cycle on Secondary Eyewall Formation

 

South American Mountain Torque (SAMT):

Annual atmospheric torques: Processes and regional contributions

Regional Sources of Mountain Torque Variability and High-Frequency Fluctuations in Atmospheric Angular Momentum

The Dynamics of Intraseasonal Atmospheric Angular Momentum Oscillations

 

South Atlantic and Subpolar South Atlantic:

Oceanic forcing of the interhemispheric SST dipole associated with the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

 

Southern Annular Mode (SAM):

Some Observed Features of Stratosphere-Troposphere Coupling - Lecture

The Antarctic Centennial Oscillation: A Natural Paleoclimate Cycle in the Southern Hemisphere That Influences Global Temperatures

Causes of Antarctic Change - A Discussion

The Early 1990s Change in ENSO–PSA–SAM Relationships and Its Impact on Southern Hemisphere Climate

The relative roles of structural uncertainty and internal variability in Antarctic climate change projections

Tropospheric Rossby Wave Breaking and the SAM

Where is ENSO stress balanced?

 

Southern Hemisphere:

Influence of subtropical Rossby wave trains on planetary wave activity over Antarctica in September 2002

On the reproducibility of the September 2002 vortex splitting event in the Antarctic stratosphere achieved without satellite observations

Southern Hemisphere summertime Rossby waves and weather in the Australian region

The Antarctic Centennial Oscillation: A Natural Paleoclimate Cycle in the Southern Hemisphere That Influences Global Temperatures

The whole atmosphere response to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field from 1900 to 2000

Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection

 

Southern Oscillation Index (SOI):

Circulation Anomalies Associated with Tropical Convection during Northern Winter

Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations

The Antarctic Centennial Oscillation: A Natural Paleoclimate Cycle in the Southern Hemisphere That Influences Global Temperatures

Time-Lagged Response of the Antarctic and High-Latitude Atmosphere to Tropical MJO Convection

 

South Pacific Meridional Mode (SPMM):

Impact of the South and North Pacific Meridional Modes on ENSO: Observational Analysis and Comparison

The South Pacific Meridional Mode: A Mechanism for ENSO-like Variability

The South Pacific Meridional Mode as a Thermally Driven Source of ENSO Amplitude Modulation and Uncertainty

 

South Pacific Oscillation (SPO):

Look South, ENSO Forecasters

The role of South Pacific atmospheric variability in the development of different types of ENSO

 

Standing Waves:

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

 

Stationary Waves:

Dynamics of 2013 Sudden Stratospheric Warming event and its impact on cold weather over Eurasia: Role of planetary wave reflection

Effect of Madden–Julian Oscillation Occurrence Frequency on the Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Wave Activity in Winter

Effects of the Tibetan Plateau. A chapter in the book "The Asian Monsoon"

Impact of Mongolian Plateau versus Tibetan Plateau on the westerly jet over North Pacific Ocean

Increased Variability in the Early Winter Subarctic North American Atmospheric Circulation

Influence of Arctic sea ice on the North Atlantic Oscillation

Major Cause of Unprecedented Arctic Warming in January 2016: Critical Role of an Atlantic Windstorm

Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

The Effects of Mountains on the General Circulation of the Atmosphere as Identified by Numerical Experiments

The MJO‐SSW Teleconnection: Interaction Between MJO‐Forced Waves and the Midlatitude Jet

The remote effect of the Tibetan Plateau on downstream flow in early summer

The Role of Zonal Asymmetry in the Enhancement and Suppression of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Variability by the Madden–Julian Oscillation

Toward a Physically Based Gravity Wave Source Parameterization in a General Circulation Model

Why are Upward EP-Flux and Temperature Positively Skewed in the Stratosphere?

 

Storm Surges:

NOAA's Recent Improvements in Storm Surge Forecasts and Warnings - Presentation

 

Storm Tracks and Severe Storms: 

Absolute and Convective Instability of the African Easterly Jet

African Easterly Wave Variability and Its Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity

An Investigation of the Formation of Hurricane Patricia (2015) - Presentation

An Objective High-Resolution Hail Climatology of the Contiguous United States

Are Multiple Tropical Cyclone Events Similar among Basins?

Case Study of an Intense African Easterly Wave

Characteristics of African easterly waves associated with tropical cyclogenesis in the Cape Verde Islands region in July–September 2004–2008

Convective Evolution during Tropical Cyclone Formation – Revisiting Zehr (1992) - Presentation

Hurricane Matthew: An Ideal Setup for Catastrophic Flooding in Central North Carolina

Identifying, Observing, and Forecasting Thunderstorms Producing Deep Surface Hail Accumulations

Impact of the Boreal Summer Quasi-biweekly Oscillation on Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity - Presentation

Interannual Modulation of Northern Hemisphere Winter Storm Tracks by the QBO

Low-Level African Easterly Wave Activity and Its Relation to Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis in 2001

Major Cause of Unprecedented Arctic Warming in January 2016: Critical Role of an Atlantic Windstorm

Properties of hail storms over China and the United States from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

Response of the mid-latitude jets and storm tracks to projected future warming

The Characteristics of United States Hail Reports: 1955-2014

The Extreme Intensification and Predictability of 2015's Hurricane Patricia - Presentation

The frequency of large hail over the contiguous United States

The Myth That Tropical Cyclones Cannot Form Near the Equator - Presentation

The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Paper

The Response of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones to Suppression of African Easterly Waves - Presentation

The Seasonality of Tropical Cyclone Maximum Intensity in the North Atlantic and Western Pacific Regions - Poster Presentation

To improve seasonal storm track forecasts, look to the tropical stratosphere

Toward a Global Climatology of Severe Hailstorms as Estimated by Satellite Passive Microwave Imagers

Trains of African Easterly Waves and Their Relationship to Tropical Cyclone Genesis in the Eastern Atlantic

Tropical Cyclones Of The North Atlantic Ocean, 1851 – 2006

Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean Tracks and Frequencies of Hurricanes and Tropical Storms, 1871-1963

U.S. Hail Frequency and the Global Wind Oscillation

West African Storm Tracks and Their Relationship to Atlantic Tropical Cyclones

 

Stratopause:

A climatology of polar winter stratopause warmings and associated planetary wave breaking

The stratopause evolution during different types of sudden stratospheric warming event

 

Stratosphere:

A climatology of polar winter stratopause warmings and associated planetary wave breaking

A comprehensive climatology of atmospheric gravity wave parameters based on satellite limb soundings

Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques

Blocking high influence on the stratospheric variability through enhancement and suppression of upward planetary-wave propagation

Breaking planetary waves in the stratosphere

Characterizing Stratospheric Polar Vortex Variability With Computer Vision Techniques

Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era

Comparing Extreme Heat Flux Events for Wavenumber 1 and 2

Consequences of Arctic Amplification: Role of the Stratosphere - A Discussion

Coupling of Stratospheric Warmings with Mesospheric Coolings in Observations and Simulations

Defining Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

Defining Sudden Stratospheric Warming in Climate Models: Accounting for Biases in Model Climatologies

Different ENSO teleconnections and their effects on the stratospheric polar vortex

Dynamic coupling of the stratosphere with the troposphere and sudden stratospheric warmings

Effect of Madden–Julian Oscillation Occurrence Frequency on the Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Wave Activity in Winter

Effects of stratospheric variability on El Niño teleconnections

Enhanced seasonal forecast skill following stratospheric sudden warmings

Extraordinary Features of the Planetary Wave Propagation During the Boreal Winter 2013/2014 and the Zonal Wave Number Two Predominance

Gravity Wave Effects on Polar Vortex Geometry During Split-Type Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

Identification and Classification of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Events

Impact of the Stratosphere on the Winter Tropospheric Teleconnections between ENSO and the North Atlantic and European Region

Influence of Arctic sea ice on the North Atlantic Oscillation

Influences of the 11-year sunspot cycle on the stratosphere – and the importance of the QBO

Interannual variability in the gravity wave drag – vertical coupling and possible climate links

Life Cycle of the Northern Hemisphere Sudden Stratospheric Warming

Linking stratospheric circulation extremes and minimum Arctic sea ice extent

Mechanisms Governing Interannual Variability of Stratosphere‐to‐Troposphere Ozone Transport

Might dimming the sun change atmospheric ENSO teleconnections as we know them?

MJO‐Related Tropical Convection Anomalies Lead to More Accurate Stratospheric Vortex Variability in Sub-seasonal Forecast Models

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

Nonlinearity of the combined warm ENSO and QBO effects on the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex in MAECHAM5 simulations

Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Pathway of Different El Niño Flavors in Stratosphere-Resolving CMIP5 Models

On the importance of gravity waves in the middle atmosphere and their parameterization in general circulation models

On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking

On the reproducibility of the September 2002 vortex splitting event in the Antarctic stratosphere achieved without satellite observations

Orography and the Boreal Winter Stratosphere: the Importance of the Mongolian mountains

Parameterized Gravity Wave Momentum Fluxes from Sources Related to Convection & Large-Scale Precipitation Processes in Global Atmosphere Model

Planetary‐scale wave activity as a source of varying tropospheric response to stratospheric sudden warming events: A case study

Preconditioning of Arctic Stratospheric Polar Vortex Shift Events

Propagation of planetary‐scale disturbances from the lower into the upper atmosphere

Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation

Relationship Between Phase of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) and MJO Propagation Through the Maritime Continent - Presentation

Revisiting the ENSO–SSW Relationship

Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings

Rossby wavepacket propagation in a zonally-varying basic flow

Rossby Wave Propagation into the Northern Hemisphere Stratosphere: The Role of Zonal Phase Speed

Seasonal and Regional Variations of Long-Term Changes in Upper-Tropospheric Jets from Reanalyses

Separating the stratospheric and tropospheric pathways of El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnections

Simulations of the Boreal Winter Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere With Meteorological Specifications in SD‐WACCM‐X

Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Some Observed Features of Stratosphere-Troposphere Coupling - Lecture

Stratosphere‐troposphere exchange

Stratospheric Harbingers of Anomalous Weather Regimes

Stratospheric role in interdecadal changes of El Niño impacts over Europe

Sudden Stratospheric Warmings and Anomalous Upward Wave Activity Flux

The Brewer-Dobson Circulation

The Effects of Mountains on the General Circulation of the Atmosphere as Identified by Numerical Experiments

The Karakoram/Western Tibetan vortex: seasonal and year-to-year variability

The key role of background sea surface temperature over the cold tongue in asymmetric responses of the Arctic stratosphere to El Niño–Southern Oscillation

The MJO‐SSW Teleconnection: Interaction Between MJO‐Forced Waves and the Midlatitude Jet

The preconditioning of major sudden stratospheric warmings

The stratopause evolution during different types of sudden stratospheric warming event

The whole atmosphere response to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field from 1900 to 2000

Three Types of Synoptic Events and Their Associated Troposphere-Stratosphere Coupling

To improve seasonal storm track forecasts, look to the tropical stratosphere

Toward a Physically Based Gravity Wave Source Parameterization in a General Circulation Model

Tropospheric Cooling as a Mechanism for Stratospheric Polar Vortex Disturbances

Upward Wave Activity Flux as a Precursor to Extreme Stratospheric Events and Subsequent Anomalous Surface Weather Regimes

Varying stratospheric responses to tropical Atlantic SST forcing from early to late winter

Vortex Preconditioning due to Planetary and Gravity Waves prior to Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

Upper-Tropospheric Static Stability in Tropical Cyclones: Observations and Modeling

What is the Polar Vortex and How Does it Influence Weather? - Essay

Why are Upward EP-Flux and Temperature Positively Skewed in the Stratosphere?

Why CO2 cools the middle atmosphere – a consolidating model perspective

Zonal Phase Speed, Wave Propagation into the Stratosphere, and Atmospheric Blocking

 

Stratospheric Polar Vortex (SPV):

Characterizing Stratospheric Polar Vortex Variability With Computer Vision Techniques

Defining Sudden Stratospheric Warming in Climate Models: Accounting for Biases in Model Climatologies

Different ENSO teleconnections and their effects on the stratospheric polar vortex

Effect of Madden–Julian Oscillation Occurrence Frequency on the Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Wave Activity in Winter

Eurasian snow cover variability and links to winter climate in the CMIP5 models

Gravity Wave Effects on Polar Vortex Geometry During Split-Type Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

Impact of the Stratosphere on the Winter Tropospheric Teleconnections between ENSO and the North Atlantic and European Region

Linking stratospheric circulation extremes and minimum Arctic sea ice extent

More persistent weak stratospheric polar vortex states linked to cold extremes

Near-term Climate Predictions of the North Atlantic Region - YouTube Presentation

No robust evidence of future changes in major stratospheric sudden warmings: a multi-model assessment from CCMI

Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Pathway of Different El Niño Flavors in Stratosphere-Resolving CMIP5 Models

On the reproducibility of the September 2002 vortex splitting event in the Antarctic stratosphere achieved without satellite observations

Planetary‐scale wave activity as a source of varying tropospheric response to stratospheric sudden warming events: A case study

Preconditioning of Arctic Stratospheric Polar Vortex Shift Events

Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau

Role of Finite-Amplitude Eddies and Mixing in the Life Cycle of Stratospheric Sudden Warmings

Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Stratosphere-troposphere evolution during polar vortex intensification

Stratospheric Harbingers of Anomalous Weather Regimes

Stratosphere‐troposphere exchange

The association between stratospheric weak polar vortex events and cold air outbreaks in the Northern Hemisphere

The Influence of the Solar Cycle and QBO on the Late-Winter Stratospheric Polar Vortex

The stratopause evolution during different types of sudden stratospheric warming event

The stratospheric pathway for Arctic impacts on midlatitude climate

Tropospheric Cooling as a Mechanism for Stratospheric Polar Vortex Disturbances

Upward Wave Activity Flux as a Precursor to Extreme Stratospheric Events and Subsequent Anomalous Surface Weather Regimes

Varying stratospheric responses to tropical Atlantic SST forcing from early to late winter

Vortex Preconditioning due to Planetary and Gravity Waves prior to Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

What is a Polar Stratospheric Warming?

What is the Polar Vortex?

What is the Polar Vortex and How Does it Influence Weather? - Essay

 

Subpolar South Atlantic:

See under "South Atlantic"

 

Sudden Stratospheric Warming (SSW):

A climatology of polar winter stratopause warmings and associated planetary wave breaking

A comparative study of the major sudden stratospheric warmings in the Arctic winters 2003/2004 – 2009/2010

A Dynamical Model of the Stratospheric Sudden Warming

A sudden stratospheric warming compendium

Blocking high influence on the stratospheric variability through enhancement and suppression of upward planetary-wave propagation

Blocking precursors to stratospheric sudden warming events

Breaking planetary waves in the stratosphere

Changes in Frequency of Major Stratospheric Sudden Warmings with El Niño/Southern Oscillation and Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Characterizing Stratospheric Polar Vortex Variability With Computer Vision Techniques

Consequences of Arctic Amplification: Role of the Stratosphere - A Discussion

Coupling of Stratospheric Warmings with Mesospheric Coolings in Observations and Simulations

Defining Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

Defining Sudden Stratospheric Warming in Climate Models: Accounting for Biases in Model Climatologies

Different ENSO teleconnections and their effects on the stratospheric polar vortex

Dynamic coupling of the stratosphere with the troposphere and sudden stratospheric warmings

Dynamical control of the mesosphere by gravity wave drag

Dynamics of 2013 Sudden Stratospheric Warming event and its impact on cold weather over Eurasia: Role of planetary wave reflection

Effect of Madden–Julian Oscillation Occurrence Frequency on the Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Wave Activity in Winter

Effects of stratospheric variability on El Niño teleconnections

El Niño, La Niña, and stratospheric sudden warmings: A reevaluation in light of the observational record

Enhanced seasonal forecast skill following stratospheric sudden warmings

Enhanced Stratosphere/Troposphere Coupling During Extreme Warm Stratospheric Events with Strong Polar-Night Jet Oscillation

Eurasian snow cover variability and links to winter climate in the CMIP5 models

Extraordinary Features of the Planetary Wave Propagation During the Boreal Winter 2013/2014 and the Zonal Wave Number Two Predominance

Gravity Wave Effects on Polar Vortex Geometry During Split-Type Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

Hindcasting the January 2009 Arctic Sudden Stratospheric Warming and Its Influence on the Arctic Oscillation with Unified Parameterization of Orographic Drag in NOGAPS. Part I: Extended-Range Stand-Alone Forecast

Identification and Classification of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Events

Impact of the Stratosphere on the Winter Tropospheric Teleconnections between ENSO and the North Atlantic and European Region

Life Cycle of the Northern Hemisphere Sudden Stratospheric Warming

Linking stratospheric circulation extremes and minimum Arctic sea ice extent

MJO‐Related Tropical Convection Anomalies Lead to More Accurate Stratospheric Vortex Variability in Sub-seasonal Forecast Models

Influence of subtropical Rossby wave trains on planetary wave activity over Antarctica in September 2002

Influences of the 11-year sunspot cycle on the stratosphere – and the importance of the QBO

More Frequent Sudden Stratospheric Warming Events due to Enhanced MJO Forcing Expected in a Warmer Climate

Multi‐decadal variability of sudden stratospheric warmings in an AOGCM

No robust evidence of future changes in major stratospheric sudden warmings: a multi-model assessment from CCMI

Northern Hemisphere mid‐winter vortex‐displacement and vortex‐split stratospheric sudden warmings: Influence of the Madden‐Julian Oscillation and Quasi‐Biennial Oscillation

Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Pathway of Different El Niño Flavors in Stratosphere-Resolving CMIP5 Models

Observed connection between stratospheric sudden warmings and the Madden-Julian Oscillation
On the Generation and Maintenance of the 2012/13 Sudden Stratospheric Warming

On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking

On the reproducibility of the September 2002 vortex splitting event in the Antarctic stratosphere achieved without satellite observations

Orography and the Boreal Winter Stratosphere: the Importance of the Mongolian mountains

Planetary‐scale wave activity as a source of varying tropospheric response to stratospheric sudden warming events: A case study

Preconditioning of Arctic Stratospheric Polar Vortex Shift Events

Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau

Revisiting the ENSO–SSW Relationship

Role of Finite-Amplitude Eddies and Mixing in the Life Cycle of Stratospheric Sudden Warmings

Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings

Rossby Wave Propagation into the Northern Hemisphere Stratosphere: The Role of Zonal Phase Speed

Separating the stratospheric and tropospheric pathways of El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnections

Simulations of the Boreal Winter Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere With Meteorological Specifications in SD‐WACCM‐X

Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

Solar and QBO Influences on the Timing of Stratospheric Sudden Warmings

Sudden Stratospheric Warmings and Anomalous Upward Wave Activity Flux

Sudden Stratospheric Warming: Causes & Effects

Sudden Stratospheric Warmings – developing a new classification based on vertical depth, applying theory to a SSW in 2018, and assessing predictability of a cold air outbreak following this SSW

The association between stratospheric weak polar vortex events and cold air outbreaks in the Northern Hemisphere

The Downward Influence of Sudden Stratospheric Warmings: Association with Tropospheric Precursors

The Influence of the Solar Cycle and QBO on the Late-Winter Stratospheric Polar Vortex

The MJO‐SSW Teleconnection: Interaction Between MJO‐Forced Waves and the Midlatitude Jet

The preconditioning of major sudden stratospheric warmings

The Role of Zonal Asymmetry in the Enhancement and Suppression of Sudden Stratospheric Warming Variability by the Madden–Julian Oscillation

The roles of planetary and gravity waves during a major stratospheric sudden warming as characterized in WACCM

The stratopause evolution during different types of sudden stratospheric warming event

Three Types of Synoptic Events and Their Associated Troposphere-Stratosphere Coupling

Toward a Physically Based Gravity Wave Source Parameterization in a General Circulation Model

Tropospheric Precursors and Stratospheric Warmings

Tropospheric and Stratospheric Precursors to the January 2013 Sudden Stratospheric Warming

Upward Wave Activity Flux as a Precursor to Extreme Stratospheric Events and Subsequent Anomalous Surface Weather Regimes

Vortex Preconditioning due to Planetary and Gravity Waves prior to Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

What is a Polar Stratospheric Warming?

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?          (A YouTube Presentation) 

What kind of stratospheric sudden warming propagates to the troposphere?

Zonal Phase Speed, Wave Propagation into the Stratosphere, and Atmospheric Blocking

 

Sunspots and Sunspot Cycle (SSC):

Analyzing the combined influence of solar activity and El Niño on streamflow across southern Canada

Coherence among Northern Hemisphere land, cryosphere & ocean responses to natural variability & anthropogenic forcing during satellite era

Do trend extraction approaches affect causality detection in climate change studies?

Influences of the 11-year sunspot cycle on the stratosphere – and the importance of the QBO

Influence of the sunspot cycle on the Northern Hemisphere wintertime circulation from long upper-air data sets

The Influence of Solar System Oscillation on the Variability of the Total Solar Irradiance

Sunspots and ENSO relationship using Markov method

Sunspots and the Solar Max - What Exactly is a Sunspot?

 

Teleconnection Paths:

Teleconnection Paths via Climate Network Direct Link Detection

 

Thermosphere:

Regional Variations in Gravity Waves, Latent Heating, and the Tropical Circulation

Role of gravity waves in vertical coupling during sudden stratospheric warmings

Simulations of the Boreal Winter Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere With Meteorological Specifications in SD‐WACCM‐X

The whole atmosphere response to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field from 1900 to 2000

 

Tibetan Plateau:

Axial Angular Momentum: Vertical Fluxes and Response to Torques

Distinct impacts of the Mongolian and Tibetan Plateaus on the evolution of the East Asian monsoon

Effects of the Tibetan Plateau. A chapter in the book "The Asian Monsoon"

Effect of Yunnan–Guizhou Topography at the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau on the Indian Monsoon

Influence of the Tibetan Plateau uplift on the Asian monsoon-arid environment evolution

Impact of Mongolian Plateau versus Tibetan Plateau on the westerly jet over North Pacific Ocean

Mongolian Mountains Matter Most: Impacts of the Latitude and Height of Asian Orography on Pacific Wintertime Atmospheric Circulation

Mountain Torque Events at the Tibetan Plateau

On the role of horizontal resolution over the Tibetan Plateau in the REMO regional climate model

On the Three-Dimensional Propagation of Stationary Waves

Progress in research of stratosphere-troposphere interactions: Application of isentropic potential vorticity dynamics and the effects of the Tibetan Plateau

Recent progress in the impact of the Tibetan Plateau on climate in China

Review on climate change on the Tibetan Plateau during the last half century

The Circulation of the High Troposphere over China in the Winter of 1945–46

The Effects of Mountains on the General Circulation of the Atmosphere as Identified by Numerical Experiments

The Influence of Mechanical and Thermal Forcing by the Tibetan Plateau on Asian Climate

The Karakoram/Western Tibetan vortex: seasonal and year-to-year variability

The remote effect of the Tibetan Plateau on downstream flow in early summer

Topographic Instability: Tests

Torques and the Related Meridional and Vertical Fluxes of Axial Angular Momentum

 

Tornadoes:

All About Tornadoes - A Fact Sheet

ENSO‐based probabilistic forecasts of March–May U.S. tornado and hail activity

How are Hurricanes Different from Tornadoes

How Do Hurricanes Spawn Tornadoes?

Increased variability of tornado occurrence in the United States

Impacts of the uplift of four mountain ranges on the arid climate and dust cycle of inland Asia

Influence of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on tornado and hail frequency in the United States

The Relationship between the Madden–Julian Oscillation and U.S. Violent Tornado Outbreaks in the Spring

Tornado Frequency in the United States Related to Global Relative Angular Momentum

Spatial trends in United States tornado frequency

Variability of central United States April–May tornado day likelihood by phase of the Madden‐Julian Oscillation

 

Torque (refer to EAMT, FT, GLMT,  MT, NAMT, SAMT and TMT):

 

Transformed Eulerian Mean - see under Eulerian Mean, Transformed (TEM):

 

Tree Rings:

Reconstruction of autumn sea ice extent changes since AD1289 in the Barents-Kara Sea, Arctic

 

Tropical Convection:

Circulation Anomalies Associated with Tropical Convection during Northern Winter

Extratropical Forcing of Tropical Pacific Convection during Northern Winter

 

Tropical Northern Hemisphere Pattern (TNH):

Importance of Late Fall ENSO Teleconnection in the Euro-Atlantic Sector

Stratospheric role in interdecadal changes of El Niño impacts over Europe

 

Tropical Rainfall:

Tropical rainfall, Rossby waves and regional winter climate predictions

 

Tropics Mountain Torque (TMT):

Mountain Torque Events at the Tibetan Plateau

 

Tropopause:

Physical Mechanisms of Tropopause Polar Vortex Intensity Change

 

Tropospheric Polar Vortex (TPV):

Nonlinear response of mid-latitude weather to the changing Arctic

Physical Mechanisms of Tropopause Polar Vortex Intensity Change

Some Observed Features of Stratosphere-Troposphere Coupling - Lecture

What is the Polar Vortex and How Does it Influence Weather? - Essay

 

Troposphere:

Comparing Extreme Heat Flux Events for Wavenumber 1 and 2

Drivers of Polar Warming - Presentation

Dynamic coupling of the stratosphere with the troposphere and sudden stratospheric warmings

Extraordinary Features of the Planetary Wave Propagation During the Boreal Winter 2013/2014 and the Zonal Wave Number Two Predominance

Interannual variability in the gravity wave drag – vertical coupling and possible climate links

Linking stratospheric circulation extremes and minimum Arctic sea ice extent

Mechanisms Governing Interannual Variability of Stratosphere‐to‐Troposphere Ozone Transport

MJO‐Related Tropical Convection Anomalies Lead to More Accurate Stratospheric Vortex Variability in Sub-seasonal Forecast Models

On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking

Preconditioning of Arctic Stratospheric Polar Vortex Shift Events

Propagation of planetary‐scale disturbances from the lower into the upper atmosphere

Seasonal and Regional Variations of Long-Term Changes in Upper-Tropospheric Jets from Reanalyses

Separating the stratospheric and tropospheric pathways of El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnections

Stratosphere‐troposphere exchange

Sudden Stratospheric Warmings and Anomalous Upward Wave Activity Flux

The preconditioning of major sudden stratospheric warmings

The whole atmosphere response to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field from 1900 to 2000

Three Types of Synoptic Events and Their Associated Troposphere-Stratosphere Coupling

Tropospheric Cooling as a Mechanism for Stratospheric Polar Vortex Disturbances

Varying stratospheric responses to tropical Atlantic SST forcing from early to late winter

What kind of stratospheric sudden warming propagates to the troposphere?

Why are Upward EP-Flux and Temperature Positively Skewed in the Stratosphere?

Zonal Phase Speed, Wave Propagation into the Stratosphere, and Atmospheric Blocking

 

Upper Level Troughs:

Characteristics of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification in Environments of Upper-Tropospheric Troughs - Presentation

Upper-Level Troughs, Jet Streaks, and TCs: An Objective Climatology and Features Associated with Rapid TC Intensity Change - Presentation

 

US Extreme Winter Weather (when related specifically to teleconnections):

Warm Arctic episodes linked with increased frequency of extreme winter weather in the United States

 

US Impacts:

Impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability on North American Summer Climate and Heat Waves

NOAA's Recent Improvements in Storm Surge Forecasts and Warnings - Presentation

 

Volcanic Eruptions and Volcanism:

Impacts of high-latitude volcanic eruptions on ENSO and AMOC

Impact of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) on deriving anthropogenic warming rates from the instrumental temperature record

The impact of wave‐mean flow interaction on the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex after tropical volcanic eruptions

 

Vortex, Evolution, Intensification and Pre-conditioning (see also Polar Vortex Evolution, Intensification and Pre-conditioning): 

Characterizing Stratospheric Polar Vortex Variability With Computer Vision Techniques

Stratosphere-troposphere evolution during polar vortex intensification

Vortex Preconditioning due to Planetary and Gravity Waves prior to Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

 

Walker Circulation and Gilbert Walker:

Atmospheric Dynamics Feedback: Concept, Simulations, and Climate Implications

El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation

Large-Scale Atmospheric Forcing of Vertical Wind Shear in the Tropics - Poster Presentation

Relationship of Multidecadal Global Temperatures to Multidecadal Oceanic Oscillations

The AMO as a Driver of Multi-decadal ENSO Variability

The Dynamics of ENSO–Atlantic Hurricane Teleconnection: ENSO-Related Changes to N African–Asian Jet Affect Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclogenesis

The impact of the AMO on multidecadal ENSO variability

 

Wave Activity Flux:

A gentle stroll through EP (Eliassen & Palm) flux theory

Rossby wavepacket propagation in a zonally-varying basic flow

 

Wave 1 and Wave 2 (see also under Planetary Waves):

Breaking planetary waves in the stratosphere

Comparing Extreme Heat Flux Events for Wavenumber 1 and 2

Dynamics of 2013 Sudden Stratospheric Warming event and its impact on cold weather over Eurasia: Role of planetary wave reflection

Effect of Madden–Julian Oscillation Occurrence Frequency on the Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Wave Activity in Winter

Extraordinary Features of the Planetary Wave Propagation During the Boreal Winter 2013/2014 and the Zonal Wave Number Two Predominance

On the Relationship between ENSO, Stratospheric Sudden Warmings and Blocking

Sudden Stratospheric Warmings and Anomalous Upward Wave Activity Flux

The Brewer-Dobson Circulation

Vortex Preconditioning due to Planetary and Gravity Waves prior to Sudden Stratospheric Warmings

Why are Upward EP-Flux and Temperature Positively Skewed in the Stratosphere?

 

Wave Breaking:

Mountain Waves and Downslope Winds

 

Wave Reflection (Planetary Wave 1):

The Life Cycle of Northern Hemisphere Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere

 

West African Monsoon:

Aerosol interactions with African/Atlantic climate dynamics

Dust induced changes on the West African summer monsoon features

Projected changes in African easterly wave intensity and track in response to greenhouse forcing

Simulations of the West African Monsoon with a Superparameterized Climate Model. Part II: African Easterly Waves

Understanding African easterly waves: a moist singular vector approach

 

Westerly Wind Bursts (also known as Westerly Wind Events):

A Review of ENSO Theories

Assessing the Relationship between MJO and Equatorial Pacific WWBs in Observations and CMIP5 Models

Atmospheric and surface variations during westerly wind bursts in the tropical western Pacific

Genesis of westerly wind bursts over the equatorial western Pacific during the onset of the strong 2015–2016 El Niño

Impact of interactive westerly wind bursts on CCSM3

Modulation of equatorial Pacific westerly/easterly wind events by the Madden–Julian oscillation and convectively‑coupled Rossby waves

Predictability of SST-Modulated Westerly Wind Bursts

Quantifying the Dependence of Westerly Wind Bursts on the Large-Scale Tropical Pacific SST

Strong influence of westerly wind bursts on El Niño diversity

Synoptic settings of westerly wind bursts

The impact of westerly wind bursts and ocean initial state on the development, and diversity of El Niño events

The Recent Westerly Wind Burst in the Western Equatorial Pacific Could Help to Strengthen the 2015/16 El Niño

Timing of subsurface heat magnitude for the growth of El Niño events

Westerly Wind Bursts and Their Relationship with Intraseasonal Variations and ENSO. Part I: Statistics

Westerly Wind Bursts: ENSO’s Tail Rather than the Dog?

Westerly Wind Events in the Tropical Pacific and their Influence on the Coupled Ocean‐Atmosphere System: A Review

What Does Westerly Wind Burst Mean? - YouTube Presentation

 

Western Tibetan Vortex:

The Karakoram/Western Tibetan vortex: seasonal and year-to-year variability

 

Winds:

Ocean Currents and Climate - An Information Guide

 

Wind Shear (vertical):

A Hypothesis for the Intensification of Tropical Cyclones under Moderate Vertical Wind Shear - Presentation

Analysis of Strengthening and Dissipating Mesoscale Convective Systems Propagating off the West African Coast

A satellite analysis of mid-tropopsheric humidity and its impact on tropical cyclone genesis and intensification - Presentation

Characteristics of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification in Environments of Upper-Tropospheric Troughs - Presentation

Convective Evolution during Tropical Cyclone Formation – Revisiting Zehr (1992) - Presentation

Does Cooler Air Near the Top of the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) Play a Role in Hurricane Intensity Change during Hurricane-SAL Interactions? - Presentation

Dry Air, Midlevel Flow, and the Persistence of Deep Convection in Atlantic Tropical Disturbances - Presentation

Effect of Sea-Surface Temperature and Ambient Moisture on the Formation and Predictability of Tropical Cyclones Under Vertical Wind Shear: An Ensemble Predictability Perspective - Presentation

Effects of Saharan Dust on the Linear Dynamics of African Easterly Waves

Evolution of Environmental Characteristics in Rapidly and Slowly Intensifying Tropical Cyclones in North Atlantic & Eastern North Pacific - Presentation

Examining Tropical Cyclone–Kelvin Wave Interactions Using Adjoint Diagnostics

Impact of the Boreal Summer Quasi-biweekly Oscillation on Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity - Presentation

Intraseasonal Tropical Cyclogenesis Prediction in a Global Coupled Model System

Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis in a Lagrangian Framework - Presentation

Large-Scale Atmospheric Forcing of Vertical Wind Shear in the Tropics - Poster Presentation

On the dynamics of the formation of the Kelvin cat's eye in tropical cyclogenesis - Presentation

On the Potential Causes of the Nonstationary Correlations between West African Precipitation and Atlantic Hurricane Activity

Saharan Dust and the Nonlinear Evolution of the African Easterly Jet–African Easterly Wave System - Presentation

The Climatological Effect of Saharan Dust on Global Tropical Cyclones in a Fully Coupled GCM - Paper and Presentation

The Extreme Intensification and Predictability of 2015's Hurricane Patricia - Presentation

The Influence of the Upper-Level Environmental Flow on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity Predictability - Presentation

The relation between dry vortex merger and tropical cyclone genesis over the Atlantic Ocean

The role of Atlantic overturning circulation in the recent decline of Atlantic major hurricane frequency

Tropical Cyclone Intensity Change under the Influence of Upper-level Troughs in Idealized Simulations - Presentation

Tropical Storm Development from African Easterly Waves in the Eastern Atlantic: A Comparison of Two Successive Waves Using a Regional Model as Part of NASA AMMA 2006

Upper-Tropospheric Static Stability in Tropical Cyclones: Observations and Modeling

Variability of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Weakening on a Global Scale - Presentation

 

Winter Circulation:

Cold winter extremes in northern continents linked to Arctic sea ice loss

 

You Tube Presentations: 

East Pacific Oscillation Key to Pattern Change - YouTube Presentation

El Nino, El Nino Modoki, La Nina, Indian Ocean Dipole - YouTube Presentation

How Global Warming and Arctic Ice melt Intensify Hurricanes - YouTube Presentation

Indian Ocean Dipole, Meaning, Definition and Explanation - YouTube Presentation

Near-term Climate Predictions of the North Atlantic Region - YouTube Presentation

Understanding the IOD - YouTube Presentation

What Does Westerly Wind Burst Mean? - YouTube Presentation

What is the GSDM and how does it help with subseasonal weather forecasts?    

 

FOR PART 1 OF THIS INDEX FOR THE N TO Z TITLES JUST GO BACK TO PAGE 1

 

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